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Part II Project Planning © 2012 John Wiley & Sons Inc.

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Presentation on theme: "Part II Project Planning © 2012 John Wiley & Sons Inc."— Presentation transcript:

1 Part II Project Planning © 2012 John Wiley & Sons Inc.

2 6-2 Project Management

3 Chapter 6 Project Activity and Risk Planning © 2012 John Wiley & Sons Inc.

4 6-4 Initial Project Coordination and the Project Charter Early meetings are used to decide on participating in the project Used to “flesh out” the nature of the project Outcomes include: – Technical scope – Areas of responsibility – Delivery dates or budgets – Risk management group

5 6-5 Outside Clients When it is for outside clients, specifications cannot be changed without the client’s permission Client may place budget constraints on the project May be competing against other firms

6 6-6 Project Charter Elements Purpose Objectives Overview Schedules Resources Personnel Risk management plans Evaluation methods

7 6-7 Systems Integration Performance Effectiveness Cost

8 6-8 Starting the Project Plan: The WBS What is to be done When it is to be started and finished Who is going to do it

9 6-9 Starting the Project Plan: The WBS Continued Some activities must be done sequentially Some activities may be done simultaneously Many things must happen when and how they are supposed to happen Each detail is uncertain and subjected to risk

10 6-10 Hierarchical Planning Major tasks are listed Each major task is broken down into detail This continues until all the activities to be completed are listed Need to know which activities “depend on” other activities

11 6-11 A Form to Assist Hierarchical Planning Figure 6-2

12 6-12 Career Day Figure 6-4

13 6-13 The Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) A hierarchical planning process Breaks tasks down into successively finer levels of detail Continues until all meaningful tasks or work packages have been identified These make tracking the work easier Need separate budget/schedule for each task or work package

14 6-14 A Visual WBS Figure 6-3

15 6-15 Steps to Create a WBS 1. List the task breakdown in successive levels 2. Identify data for each work package 3. Review work package information 4. Cost the work packages 5. Schedule the work packages 6. Continually examine actual resource use 7. Continually examine schedule

16 6-16 Human Resources Useful to create a table that shows staff needed to execute WBS tasks One approach is a organizational breakdown structure – Organizational units responsible for each WBS element – Who must approve changes of scope – Who must be notified of progress WBS and OBS may not be identical

17 6-17 The Responsibility (RACI) Matrix Another approach is the Responsible, Accountable, Consult, Inform (RACI) matrix – Also known as a responsibility matrix, a linear responsibility chart, an assignment matrix, a responsibility assignment matrix Shows critical interfaces Keeps track of who must approve what and who must be notified

18 6-18 Sample RACI Matrix Figure 6-7

19 6-19 Risk Management Projects are risky, uncertainty is high Project manager must manage this risk This is called “risk management” Risk varies widely between projects Risk also varies widely between organizations Risk management should be built on the results of prior projects

20 6-20 Parts to Risk Management Risk management planning Risk identification Qualitative risk analysis Quantitative risk analysis Risk response planning Risk monitoring and control The risk management register

21 6-21 Risk Management Planning Need to know the risk involved before selecting a project Risk management plan must be carried out before the project can be formally selected At first, focus is on externalities – Track and estimate project survival Project risks take shape during planning Often handled by project office

22 6-22 Risk Identification Risk is dependent on technology and environmental factors Delphi method is useful for identifying project risks Other methods include brainstorming, nominal group techniques, checklists, and attribute listing May also use cause-effect diagrams, flow charts, influence charts, SWOT analysis

23 6-23 Qualitative Risk Analysis Purpose is to prioritize risks A sense of the impact is also needed Each objective should be scaled and weighted Construct a risk matrix Same approach can be used for opportunities

24 6-24 Risk Matrix Figure 6-12

25 6-25 Quantitative Risk Analysis 1. List ways a project can fail 2. Evaluate severity 3. Estimate likelihood 4. Estimate the inability to detect 5. Find the risk priority number (RPN) (RPN = S  L  D) 6. Consider ways to reduce the S, L, and D for each cause of failure

26 6-26 A FMEA Example Table 6-1

27 6-27 Decision Tree Analysis Figure 6-13

28 6-28 Risk Response Planning Threats – Avoid – Transfer – Mitigate – Accept Opportunities – Exploit – Share – Enhance – Accept

29 6-29 Risk Monitoring and Control Monitoring covered in detail in Chapter 10 Control covered in Chapter 11

30 6-30 The Risk Management Register Environments that may impact projects Assumptions made Risks identified List of categories and key words Estimates on risk, states of project’s environment, or on project assumptions Minutes Actual outcomes

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