Presentation on theme: "Melissa House, Ph.D.: Public Health Walden University PUBH 8165-1 Instructor: Dr. Robert Marino Spring Qtr, 2011 D ISASTER P REPAREDNESS P ANDEMIC I NFLUENZA."— Presentation transcript:
Melissa House, Ph.D.: Public Health Walden University PUBH 8165-1 Instructor: Dr. Robert Marino Spring Qtr, 2011 D ISASTER P REPAREDNESS P ANDEMIC I NFLUENZA
L EARNING OUTCOMES After this presentation you will be able to: Define Pandemic Influenza Describe the potential impacts of Pandemic Influenza Identify preventative strategies against Pandemic Influenza Identify key roles in emergency preparedness Identify the key components in an emergency preparedness plan Identify how to develop an emergency preparedness checklist
W HAT IS P ANDEMIC INFLUENZA An influenza pandemic occurs when a new influenza virus emerges for which there is little or no immunity within the affected population Causes serious illness Spreads quickly Global disease outbreak OSHA, 2011, State of New Jersey, 2007
P OTENTIAL I MPACTS OF AN I NFLUENZA P ANDEMIC Rapid spread Overload within Health Care Systems Inadequate medical supplies Inadequate personnel Economic and Social disruption (NCBI, 2009)
S TRATEGIES FOR PREVENTING PANDEMIC INFLUENZA Early detection Treatment Infection control Vaccination Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010
H EALTHCARE F ACILITIES Develop process & decision plans Disease surveillance Communication/Agency Collaboration Education/Training Medication Use Healthcare facility capacity Supplies Personnel U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2004
S TATE & L OCAL R ESPONSIBILITIES Develop process & decision plans Collaboration with other agencies Communication Legal & ethical issues
HHS RESPONSIBILITIES Provide: Guidance Resources Collaboration with other agencies
S URVEILLANCE P LAN Establish procedures to identify and tract outbreak within area. Lab Testing – How, when, & who What type of data to collect & monitor How often to monitor data Timing of data collection Quality Assurance World Health Organization, 2005
Develop education and training plans for both healthcare workers and patients Training should include: Prevention, identification & treatment for pandemic influenza. Hospital procedures/plans to be implemented during a pandemic situation.
E DUCATION /T RAINING Cross-training for staff Educational handouts for patients Educational drills to prepare staff for emergency situations Up-to-date information education on possible pandemic diseases Control, treatment, prevention, etc. Training on personal preparedness
A CCESS P LAN Develop a plan that addresses access to the facility during pandemic situations. Plans should include: Procedures for closing & limiting access to the facility Visitor access & limitation Security U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2004
Development of plans to deliver vaccine or antiviral medications to personnel. This includes a method for: Prioritizing personnel receipt of vaccine/medication Monitoring system to assess employee exposure Policy for the management of employees who become ill or who present with symptoms U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2004
V ACCINATION A DMINISTRATION Development of a plan that established procedures for vaccination use Procedures should include: Priority list When to start giving vaccination How vaccinations will be given
S UMMARY Preparation for a pandemic event is crucial to all healthcare facilities. When proper planning is put into place, the detrimental affects of a pandemic outbreak can be avoided. It is also important that all potential resources are included in the planning process to ensure adequate procedures and training.
R EFERENCES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010). Interim Guidance on Infection Control Measures for 2009 H1N1 Influenza in Healthcare Settings, Including Protection of Healthcare Personnel. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/guidelines_infection_control.htm.http://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/guidelines_infection_control.htm NCBI. (2009). Disaster planning: potential effects of an influenza pandemic on community healthcare resources. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19739459.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19739459 State of New Jersey. (2007). Pandemic preparedness planning template for federally qualified health centers. Retrieved from http://www.state.nj.us/health/flu/documents/plan/hlth_app_3.pdf http://www.state.nj.us/health/flu/documents/plan/hlth_app_3.pdf. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2004). HHS Pandemic Influenza Plan Supplement 3 Healthcare Planning. Retrieved from http://www.hhs.gov/pandemicflu/plan/sup3.html#process http://www.hhs.gov/pandemicflu/plan/sup3.html#process.
R EFERENCES C ONT. World Health Organization. (2005). WHO: Checklist for influenza pandemic preparedness planning. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/csr/recources/publications/influenza/Flucheck6web.pdf http://www.who.int/csr/recources/publications/influenza/Flucheck6web.pdf.
F URTHER R EADING Emergency Management Guide www.fema.gov www.fema.gov Emergency Response and Crisis Management Technical Assistance Center – Creating Emergency Management Plans http://rems.ed.gov/docs/CreatingPlans.pdf http://rems.ed.gov/docs/CreatingPlans.pdf Seasonal Flu Guidance for Health Professionals http://www.flu.gov/professional/hospital/index.htm l http://www.flu.gov/professional/hospital/index.htm l