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CHAPTER 7 Media Selection in Advertising. What’s Happening? News Story:

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1 CHAPTER 7 Media Selection in Advertising

2 What’s Happening? News Story: dutchie-tim-hortons-getting-rid-of-24-menu-items-1.1696571 dutchie-tim-hortons-getting-rid-of-24-menu-items-1.1696571

3 What kinds of ads get your attention? Are they found in “traditional” media like television or unusual places? Where is the most unique or “oddest” place that you have seen an ad?

4 This ad was above a urinal. Attention getting ad? Why or why not?

5 Media Planning Focus on consumer behaviour Create plans that reflect the purchase process (Chapter 3) Positively influence consumer in the marketplace Study media choices Listening and viewing habits

6 8-6 Media Planning An advertisement by New Balance placed in Runner’s World magazine by the media planner.

7 Factors that have changed the role of Media IMC – more than just mass advertising now Cost factors Technology Globalization Complexity of the media function Profitability

8 Media Selection Factors Reasons as to why certain media are selected: Organizational Objectives Target market(s) Costs Message Theme Constraints Product/Service considerations

9 Media Selection Media selection factors influence our marketing communications mix. Marketing communications mix – the combination of tools used to promote a product or service. Could include, but not limited to, advertising media (many forms), sales promotions, public relations and digital and social media.

10 Selecting Media o Television o Radio o Transit o Billboard o Outdoor /Out-of-Home o Internet o Magazines o Newspapers o Direct Mail o Alternate media

11 F I G U R E 8. 5 Developing Logical Combinations of Media - Table 7.12

12 What’s Happening

13 Achieving Advertising Objectives 1. Three-exposure hypothesis  Intrusion value  Takes a minimum of three exposures for an ad to be effective  Effective frequency – number of times that one must be exposed to message to achieve its objective  Effective reach - % of target market that must be exposed to ad to achieve its objective  Size, placement, length of ad are factors to consider  Number of media used is important (variability)

14 Achieving Advertising Objectives 2. Recency theory  One exposure may be enough  Effective the closer to a purchase  States that consumers use selective retention when they consider ads.  Advertising is a waste of money when intended market is not reached

15 Achieving Advertising Objectives o Media Multiplier Effect o The combined impact of using two or more media is stronger than using either medium alone o Often the reason for using several different media o This ensures a broader effective reach

16 Ad Campaign Continuity Continuous campaign Advantages: Serves as a constant reminder to the customer Covers the entire buying cycle Disadvantages: Higher costs Potential for overexposure

17 Flighting Campaign Advantages: Cost efficiency of advertising, only used during purchase cycles Allows for more than one medium or vehicle on limited budgets Disadvantages: Lack of awareness, interest, retention or promotional message during non-scheduled times – could lead to decay

18 Pulsating Campaign Advantages: Same as the two previous methods Disadvantage: Not required for seasonal products, or other cyclical products, therefore adding to organization’s expenses

19 Advertising Terminology Reach  Number in target audience exposed  Typically 4-week period Frequency  Average number of exposures within a given period Opportunities to see (OTS)  Cumulative exposures  Placements x frequency Ratings and Cost per Rating Point (CPRP)  Ratings measure percent of target market exposed by medium  CPRP allows for comparison across media  Cost of media buy / vehicle’s rating  Weighted CPM

20 Advertising Terminology Costs  Cost per thousand (CPM)  CPM allows for cost comparisons Gross rating points (GRPs)  Measures impact of intensity of media plan  Vehicle rating x OTS (number of insertions) Impressions  Gross impressions – total audience exposed to ad Continuity  Continuous campaign  Pulsating campaign  Flighting (or discontinuous) campaign

21 Table 7.3 plus

22 How Important Is Advertising to Magazines? The chart below shows the top five magazines and the percentage of their revenues generated by advertising, subscriptions and newsstand sales

23 Alternative Media Venues o Cinema o In-tunnel, subway o Parking lot/street o Escalator o Airline in-flight o Leaflets and brochures o Carry home menus o Carry home bags o Clothing o Mall signs o Kiosks

24 Traditional Media using a different approach

25 EXAMPLES Alternative Media


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