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CIS 375 Bruce R. Maxim UM-Dearborn

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Presentation on theme: "CIS 375 Bruce R. Maxim UM-Dearborn"— Presentation transcript:

1 CIS 375 Bruce R. Maxim UM-Dearborn
System Engineering CIS 375 Bruce R. Maxim UM-Dearborn

2 Computer System Elements
Software. Hardware. People. Databases. Documentation. Procedures (for humans, not code).

3 System Engineering Don't take a "software-centric" view of the system.
Consider all system elements before focusing on software. System engineering begins with a clear understanding of the "world view" and progressively narrows until technical detail is understood. Complex systems are actually a hierarchies of subsystems.

4 System Engineering Hierarchy
World view Domain view Element view Detailed view

5 Project Engineering Hierarchy
Requirements engineering world view Component engineering domain view Analysis and Design modeling element view (software engineers) Construction and Integration detailed view (software engineers)

6 Business Process Engineering Hierarchy
Information Strategy Planning world view Business Area Analysis domain view Business System Design element view (software engineers) Construction and Integration detailed view (software engineers)

7 Business Process Engineering Architectures
Data architecture provides framework for information needs of a business or business function Applications architecture system elements that transform objects within the data architecture for some business purpose Technology infrastructure provides foundation for the data and application architectures

8 Computer Systems Engineering
Software Engineering Hardware Engineering Human Engineering

9 Computer System Analysis Tasks -1
Transform customer defined goals and constraints into system representation describing: Function. Performance. Interfaces. Design constraints. Information structures.

10 Computer System Analysis Tasks -2
Bound the system and select the configuration using: Project schedule and costs. Business considerations. Technical analysis. Manufacturing evaluations. Human issues. Environmental interface. Legal considerations.

11 Human Engineering Activity analysis Semantic analysis and design
watch the people you’re supporting Semantic analysis and design what and why they do things Syntactic and lexical design hw & sw implementation (e.g key strokes) User environment design physical facilities and HCI stuff

12 Requirements Engineering - 1
Requirements Elicitation find out from customer what the product objectives are what is to be done how the product fits into business needs how the product is used on a day to day basis Requirements Analysis requirements organized into subsets relations among requirements identified requirements reviewed for correctness requirements prioritized based on customer needs

13 Requirements Engineering - 2
Requirements Specification work product produced describing: function performance development constraints for system System Modeling system representation that shows relationships among the system components

14 Requirements Engineering - 3
Requirements Validation examines the specification to ensure requirement quality make sure work products conform to agreed upon standards Requirements Management set of activities that help project team to control and track requirements changes as project proceeds

15 Traceability Tables Features traceability table
Source traceability table Dependency traceability table Subsystem traceability table Interface traceability table

16 System Modeling Define processes that serve needs of the view under consideration Represent process behavior and the assumptions on which it is modeled Explicitly define links between constituents and the links between constituent components that are input to the model Represent all linkages (including outputs) required to understand the view

17 System Model Restraining Factors
Assumptions Simplifications Limitations Constraints Preferences

18 System Model Template User interface Input
Process and control functions Output Maintenance and self test

19 System Context Diagram

20 Systems Modeling Process - 1
System Context Diagram (SCD or ACD) top level node in system hierarchy used to establish the boundaries for the system being implemented System Flow Diagram (SFD or AFD) refinement of the process and control functions from SCD derived by identifying the major subsystems and lines of information flow

21 Systems Modeling Process- 2
Initial SFD is becomes the top level node of a hierarchy of more successively more detailed SFD's System Specification developed by writing narrative description for each subsystem and definitions for all data that flow between subsystems

22 System Simulation If simulation capability is not available for a reactive system, project risk increases. Consider using an iterative process model that will allow the delivery and testing of incrementally more complete products.

23 ACD Component Management Engineer Table1.CSV Part Number Table2.CSV
INPUT PROCESSING OUTPUT MAINTENANCE AND SELF-TEST USER INTERFACE PROCESSING PROCESS AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS Component Management Engineer Design Component Part Number or Validation Menu Selection Result Table1.CSV Master PN and 3D Model Info Part Number Table2.CSV Printer Analysis (PNA) Tool Master PN and Validation Cross-Ref PN Result Data WKConnectors . Error CSV Message Design Component Part Number Component Management Engineer

24 AFD Operator Interface PNA Processing and Control Data Acquisition
View/Print Validation Design Component Part Results Number or Menu Selection Operator Interface subsystem Display GUI Per form Analysis Requested Data Error Data Request Connectivity Check Application Message and Startup Instructions Part Number subsystem Analysis Formatted subsystem Validation MS ACCESS Result MS ACCESS Data Source Design Component Part Formatted Printing Connectivity Number, Master Part Validation subsystem subsystem Number, Cross-Ref Part Result Number and Model Information Report Formatting Data Table subsystem Management Design Component Part Validation subsystem Number, Master Part Unformatted Result PNA Processing Number, Cross-Ref Part Validation Number and Model Result Information Error Code Error Code Error and Control Code MS ACCESS Error Code Error Code Run-time Diagnostics Error Code subsystem Data Acquisition Output Interface Diagnostic Interface Interfaces

25 Data Processing 10 1 2 9 8 3 6 5 7 4 CRITERIA:

PART NUMBER ANALYSIS TOOL Main (Version / Release Date) (Logo / Branding) Part Number Quick Check Analyze Part Numbers View / Print Report Save Report Exit Help Status Please wait… Data analysis currently in progress. Updated when analysis is finished. Status Data analysis finished. Report has been created. OK PREVIEW REPORT ON SCREEN. Part Number Quick Check Analyze Close Part Number Output To Select format OK Cancel HTML Microsoft Excel MS-DOS Text Rich Text format Snapshot format SAVE VALIDATION DATA Result Part Number *** belongs to category X (GOOD/NEW/BAD) Comments: (Place Remarks here) OK MS ACCESS dialog carries out File Save Process SINGLE PART NUMBER VALIDATION

27 DFD/CFD Level 0 - Part Number Analysis (PNA) System
WKConnectors.XLS Spreadsheet Information CSV File Creation (WKConnectors.CSV) Display Monitor WKConnectors Delimited Text Information Report Results Table1.CSV PART NUMBER ANALYSIS (PNA) Tool File Table1 Delimited Text Information Report Results Table2 Delimited Text Information Table2.CSV Report Results Printer - Command - PN data User

28 DFD/CFD Level 1 - Part Number Analysis (PNA) Tool
WKConnectors Delimited Text information Report Results Validation Results Validate Data Table1 Delimited Text information Process Report Report Results Print / Save Data Report Results Table2 Delimited Text information - Command - PN data

29 Analyze/Classify Data
DFD/CFD Level 2 - Validate Data Make tbl_createdWKConn tbl_Classification WKConnectors Delimited Text information Relevant WKConnector Records Category Reference ID Validation Results - Command - PN data Make WKConn tbl_createdWKConn WKConn field data Component Remarks Category ID tbl_createdT1 Analyze/Classify Data T1 Field data Relevant T1 Record(s) Criteria: - dbs - strCriteria - strOrigPN Print / Save Data Criteria: - dbs - strOrigPN Make tbl_createdT1 Table1 Delimited Text information T2 Field data Make tbl_createdT2 tbl_createdT2 Table2 Delimited Text information Relevant T2 Record(s)

30 DFD/CFD Level 3 - Make tbl_createdT1
Criteria: - dbs - strCriteria - strOrigPN qry_Table1UniquePN Recreate tbl_createdT1 Table1 Delimited Text information Relevant T1 Record(s) Table1 Query Results DFD/CFD Level 3 - Make tbl_createdT2 Criteria: - dbs - strOrigPN qry_Table2PrelimUnique Recreate tbl_createdT2 Table2 Delimited Text information Table2 Query Results Relevant T2Record(s)

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