Presentation on theme: "Juniellie Castaneda Psychology Period 6"— Presentation transcript:
1 Juniellie Castaneda Psychology Period 6 Bipolar Disorder I, IIJuniellie CastanedaPsychologyPeriod 6
2 Bipolar DisorderBipolar I – A mood disorder on which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy, lack of energy, of depression and the over excited state of mania.Manic-depressive-disorderMania- a mental illness market by periods of great excitement, euphoric delusions, and over activity.
3 Bipolar DisorderBipolar II- A person’s who’s moods are less intense, hypomania.A person has to have at least 1 hypomanic episode and suffer from depression.
4 Associated Features Bipolar Disorder Major depressive episodes Hopeless, sad ,emptyIrritabilityInability to experience pleasureLoss of energyAppetite changesSleep problemsConcentration/memory problemsWorthlessThoughts of deathMajor depressive episodes
5 Associated Features Talking Fast Manic EpisodeFeel optimistic or extremely irritableDo not have enough sleepfeel energeticTalking FastJump Quickly from one idea to the otherDistractibleAct recklesslyDelusions and hallucinations (in severe cases)
6 Associated Features DSM-IV-TR Criteria Bipolar I A. Presence of only one Manic Episode and no past Major Depressive Episode.Recurrence is defined as either a change in polarity from depression or an internal of at least 2 months without manic symptoms.B. The Manic Episode is not better accounted for by Schizoaffective Disorder and is not superimposed on Schizophrenia, Schizophreniform Disorder, Delusional Disorder or Psychotic Disorder NOT OTHER WISE SPECIFIED.
7 Associated Features DSM-IV-TR Criteria Bipolar II A. Presence (history) of one or more Major Depressive Episode.B. Presence of at least one Hypomanic EpisodeC. There has never been a Manic Episode or a Mixed EpisodeD. The mood symptoms in criteria A and for by Schizoaffective Disorder and are not superimposed on Schizophrenia, Schizophreniform Disorder, Delusional Disorder, Psychotic Disorder NOT OTHER SPECIFIED.
8 E. The symptoms cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational or other important areas of functioning.
9 Etiology Genetics One parent has mood disorder 30% of the children could develop mood disorderTwo parents have mood disorder50%-75% of children could develop mood disorderFraternal Twins15-20% could develop mood disorderIdentical Twins67% could develop mood disorder
10 Prevalence U.S population 1.6% if the people have bipolar. Life time prevalence of Bipolar I in communitysamples has varied from 0.4%-1.6%Bipolar II of approximately 0.5% (2.5% of U.S. population)5.7 million American adults, 18 or older, 2.6% have Bipolar Disorder
11 Prevalence Postpartum period Have a high risk in developing a manic episode.
13 Treatment Psychological Treatment Somatic treatments Electroconvulsive ShockBehavioral therapyinteractions with clientsCognitively based therapysuggestions for activities ( improve clients live
14 PrognosisMedication is either ineffective or slow ill alleviating symptomssevere or life threatening.Incapacitating depression clients might request electroconvulsive therapy
15 DiscussionHow can behavior improve or prevent bipolar disorder?
16 ReferencesHalgin, R.P. & Whitbourne, S.K.(2005). Abnormal psychology: clinical perspectives on psychological disorder. New York, N.Y: McGraw-HilllMyers, D.G.(2011).Myers’ psychology for ap. New York, N.Y: Worth Publishers.WEBMD, (n.d.). Bipolar disorder health center. Retreived from