Presentation on theme: "Urban Planning and Management Tools for Poverty Alleviation"— Presentation transcript:
1 Urban Planning and Management Tools for Poverty Alleviation UPA Package 5, Module 1Urban Planning and Management Tools for Poverty Alleviation
2 Course ObjectivesAt the end of the Urban Planning and Management ccourse you shouldunderstand the usefulness of management methods for urban poverty alleviationbe able to plan and implement goal-orientedknow how to establish and manage an urban platformbe able to apply Management-by-Objectives (MBO)have basic knowledge about monitoring and evaluationhave improved your communication skillsknow basics about mediation and conflict managementbe introduced to resource allocation, fund raising and motivation building
3 Course Programme (1) Module Lesson 5.1. Introduction to a Strategic Approach to Urban Planning1. Poverty Alleviation and Urban Land Management2. Situative Planning – A Strategic Approach to Urban Planning5.2 Urban Profile1. Preparing an Urban Profile5.3 Working with Stakeholders1. Organisational and Institutional Analysis2. Participatory Appraisal5.4 Management Tools for Urban Planning1. Urban Platform and Interest Analysis2. Problem and Potential Analysis3. Objectives and Alternatives Analysis4. Logical Framework5.5 Guidelines for Implementation1. Plan of Operation2. Monitoring and Evaluation5.6 Useful Communication Skills for Urban Planning1. Communication, Negotiation and Teamwork2. Mediation and Conflict Management3. Resource Allocation, Fund Raising and Motivation Building
5 Urbanisation in Poverty Rapid urban growth in less developed countries is unprecedented in human history:high natural population growth and rural-urban migrationexploding cities even in countries with stagnating economiesPoor households follow ‘shelter first’ strategy:high sensitivity to travel costs (fares, time)house transformations and extensions resulting from urban livelihood strategiesdegradation of urban environment and morphologyPublic authorities oftenlack adequate resources (ailing state)follow inappropriate concepts, strategies, prioritiesapply out-dated legal and administrative frameworks
6 The Divided CityThe urban poor often constitute the majority but are largely excluded fromthe formal urban economy (land, employment, goods, services)state provided services (education, health, transport, land tenure, housing, security)political participation (representation, decision making, ownership)The disintegrated, divided city faceseconomic inefficiencypolitical destabilisation, unrest, lack of harmonypublic and private security threats
7 Principles of Pro-poor Urban Governance Support pro-poor market exchange for economic growthGive the poor an adequate share of scarce public resourcesLet the poor participate in political decision making
8 Elements of Good Governance for Urban Poverty Reduction (1) Labour marketssupport for small and micro enterprisesincreased access to employmentfacilitating ‚informal‘ enterprisessupport to home-based activitiessafety netsLand, housing and urban servicestenure security and property rightsflexible and appropriate regulations for land and shelter developmentsimple procedures and easily available permits…
9 Elements of Good Governance for Urban Poverty Reduction (2) Financial marketsincreased access to credit and saving schemeslinkages between formal and informal finance institutionsPublic financecost recovery and targeted subsidiespro-poor participatory budgetingUrban governance and capacity buildingaccountability and responsiveness to the publicanticorruption policies and practicescapacity building of local governments, community organisations and NGOsSource: Habitat Debate Vol. 6, No. 4, 2000: 3 (adapted)
10 Guidelines for Urban Planning under Good Governance Introduce appropriate urban planning and land-use regulations.Reserve adequate tasks for the public, private, formal and informal sectors.Strengthen private-public planning partnership.Create institutions for stakeholder participation.Exercise planning as urban management.
11 Planning as Urban Management Define priority development objectives in a participatory approach with all relevant stakeholders.Monitor the state of development with special reference to critical states and targets.Assess the financial potentials and consequences.Co-operate with sectoral departments and public and private actors.Mobilise actors and resources.Moderate competing interests.Resolve land related disputes.Inform the political bodies and all concerned parties and stakeholders.