Presentation on theme: "Presidencies of George Washington and John Adams"— Presentation transcript:
1 Presidencies of George Washington and John Adams SSUSH5 The student will explain specific events and key ideas that brought about the adoption and implementation of the United States Constitution.e. Explain the importance of the Presidencies of George Washington and John Adams; include the Whiskey Rebellion, non-intervention in Europe, and the development of political parties (Alexander Hamilton).
3 Passed by Washington establishing the Federal Court System Judiciary Act of 1789Passed by Washington establishing the Federal Court SystemCreated a Supreme CourtSet up federal circuit courts and district courtsMost Important: It allowed state court decisions to be appealed to a Federal Court when constitutional issues were raised. This guaranteed that the Federal law was the supreme law of the land.
4 A new tax placed on whiskey Whiskey rebellionA new tax placed on whiskeyHurt farmers because this was their main source of income (corn growers)Protestors in Pennsylvania refused to pay the tax and threatened to secede from the unionWashington and Hamilton sent an army to end the rebellion**Showed the US was committed to enforcing its laws
5 Foreign policy during the French revolution The Neutrality Proclamation: a statement made that took a position of neutrality toward the war between France and Great BritainUS remained neutral and Britain and France seized US ships and sailorsUS sent John Jay to work out a treatyJay’s Treaty was negotiated between the US and Britain… British evacuated their posts in the Northwest Territory
6 Hamilton & Jefferson: the birth of political parties Alexander Hamilton:Federalists... Strong central government led by upper class citizensSecretary of the TreasurySupported a friendly relationship with the BritishAssumption Bill: Federal government would assume the war debts of the states… to be equally shared
7 Supported a friendly relationship with the French Thomas JeffersonAnti Federalist… strong state and local governments, national government with limited power, all citizens to participateSecretary of StateSupported a friendly relationship with the FrenchBelieved that each state should be responsible for their own war debt
8 The birth of political parties The beliefs of Hamilton and Jefferson grew into the first political parties of the U.S.Those who supported the views of Hamilton were called FederalistsThose who supported the views of Jefferson were called the Democratic- Republicans
9 Washington’s farewell address Due to continued fighting between Hamilton and Jefferson, Washington decided not to run for a third term.In his farewell address he urged the nation to:Not become involved in affairs of other countries where we have no businessStay away from political parties
10 2nd President 1797- 1801 Party Affiliation: Federalist John Adams2nd President Party Affiliation: Federalist
11 Election of 1796: Adams v. Jefferson John AdamsElection of 1796: Adams v. JeffersonAdams won the electoral vote and became PresidentBased on the Constitution, Jefferson became Vice President because he came in second placeThe nation had a Federalist President and a Democratic-Republican Vice President
12 France wanted a bribe to speak with Napoleon Adams: xyz affairFrance did not like Jay’s Treaty and wouldn’t talk to the US ambassador and seized US cargo shipsAmericans went to talk to the French and were forced to speak with 3 low level officials: XYZFrance wanted a bribe to speak with NapoleonProvoked anti-French feelings US Navy seized French shipsAdams wouldn’t declare war and it hurt him in the next election
13 Adams: alien & sedition acts Adams did not like the Democratic-Republicans (gaining strength) and felt they were a danger to the country since many were immigrantsNaturalization Act: raised the residency requirement for citizenship from 5 to 14 yearsAliens Act: allowed the president to deport or jail any alien considered “undesirable”Sedition Act: set fines and jail terms for anyone expressing opinions considered damaging to the government