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Making the Connection: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and Public Health Linda Chamberlain, PhD MPH © 2010 The Family Violence Prevention Fund

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Presentation on theme: "Making the Connection: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and Public Health Linda Chamberlain, PhD MPH © 2010 The Family Violence Prevention Fund"— Presentation transcript:

1 Making the Connection: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and Public Health Linda Chamberlain, PhD MPH © 2010 The Family Violence Prevention Fund

2 For more information and program support, contact the National Health Resource Center on Domestic Violence, a project of the Family Violence Prevention Fund: Monday-Friday (9-5 PST) Toll-free (888) Rx-ABUSE (792-2873) TTY: (800) 595-4889 Online: In addition, this PowerPoint presentation may be downloaded from the Family Violence Prevention Fund's website:

3 The National Health Resource Center on Domestic Violence provides specialized materials and tools including: Consensus Guidelines on Routine Assessment for D.V. Pediatric Guidelines on Routine Assessment for D.V. Business Case for Domestic Violence Multilingual Public Education Materials Training Videos Multi-disciplinary policies and procedures Cultural competency information and materials specific to many communities Online e-Journal: Family Violence Prevention and Health Practice Health Cares About Domestic Violence Day (2 nd Wednesday of October annually) Visit for more

4 Linda Chamberlain, PhD MPH IPV and Sexually Transmitted Infections/HIV MENU Overview Regional and Local Data The Impact of IPV on Women’s Health IPV and Behavioral Health IPV and Perinatal Programs IPV, Breastfeeding, and Nutritional Supplement Programs IPV and Child and Adolescent Health ACE Study: Leading Determinants of Health IPV and Injury Prevention Medical Cost Burden and Health Care Utilization for IPV SELECT FROM THE TOPICS BELOW  IPV and Family Planning, Birth Control Sabotage Pregnancy Pressure, and Unintended Pregnancy

5 Overview: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) as a Public Health Priority

6 1985 – Surgeon General declares DV a leading public health issue 1989 – ACOG Technical Bulletin 1991 – ANA Position Statement 1992 – AMA Diagnostic Guidelines 1992 – APHA Position Paper 6 ‘92‘91‘90‘89‘88‘87‘86‘85

7 1994 – AAFP Position Paper 1998 – AAP Policy Statement 1999 – APA Resolution 2000 – AANP Statement and Resolutions 2002 – WHO declares violence a worldwide public health issue 7 ‘02‘00‘99‘98‘97‘96‘95‘94‘01

8 Many different definitions Most definitions include physical abuse, psychological/emotional abuse, and sexual assault Prevalence rates vary significantly between current, recent, and lifetime abuse Earlier studies were often limited to physical abuse 8

9 Intimate partner violence is a pattern of assaultive and coercive behaviors including: 9 Family Violence Prevention Fund, 2002 Inflicted physical injury Psychological abuse Sexual assault Progressive social isolation Stalking Deprivation Intimidation and threats

10 10 { IPV was a precipitating factor in nearly one-third of suicides } CDC, 2009 IPV was a precipitating factor in of female homicides

11 11 Approximately of all murder-suicides involved an intimate partner Violence Policy Center, 2006

12 Lifetime prevalence of physical and/or sexual IPV among women from 10 different countries ranged from 15% to 71% 12 World Health Organization, 2005

13 24.8% of women 7.6% of men 13 Tjaden & Thoennes, 2000 Lifetime prevalence of having been raped and/or physically assaulted by a current or former partner:

14 60,799 victims served 14 National Network to End Domestic Violence, 2008

15 15 84% of spouse abuse victims are female Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2005

16 African American, Native American, and Hispanic women are at significantly greater risk for IPV 16 Silverman et al, 2006; Field & Caetano, 2005

17 Prevalence rates of IPV in the past year among women seen at a community health care system : – 18.5% disclosed physical violence – 14.4% disclosed sexual coercion – 72.6% disclosed psychological aggression 17 Hazen & Soriano, 2007

18 Couples with IPV are more likely to be economically vulnerable and live in disadvantaged neighborhoods 18 Fox & Benson, 2006

19 19 Boris et al, 2002

20 Prevalence among same-sex couples varies by gender of the couple and by the perpetrator’s gender Persons with disabilities are at high risk for IPV 20 Hathaway et al, 2000; McFarlane et al, 2001; Tjaden & Thoennes, 2000

21 21 adolescents experience serious physical and/or sexual dating violence Wolitzky-Taylor et al, 2008

22 22 Wolfe et al, 2009 high school-aged teens are hit, slapped, or beaten by a dating partner each year

23 Teens experiencing physical dating violence are more likely to engage in: – Sexual intercourse – Suicide attempts – Episodic heavy drinking – Physical fighting 23 MMWR, 2006

24 24 McDonald et al, 2006 have been exposed to physical IPV in the past year

25 25

26 26

27 27

28 28 Waters et al, 2004

29 To integrate culturally relevant prevention, screening, intervention, and referral strategies for IPV into the public health setting 29

30 Develop partnerships with local domestic violence programs Join or create multidisciplinary task forces to promote a coordinated community response to IPV Conduct community needs assessments 30

31 Establish policies to institutionalize routine screening in public health settings Develop, implement, and monitor protocols for IPV in public health agencies Integrate IPV curricula into schools of public health, nursing, and medicine 31

32 Enhance data collection and dissemination Promote social marketing campaigns and community education Increase funding for science-based, public health approaches Provide technical assistance and evaluation Advocate for local, state, and national policy reform 32

33 Ongoing training for public health professionals Implement policies to improve the safety of victims and employees in the workplace Ensure that employee assistance programs have protocols 33

34 Prevention focus Working collaboratively across disciplines Scientific, data-based approach Long tradition of promoting social change and prevention 34 Public Health brings special skills and a unique perspective to address IPV:

35 35 Listening and affirmation are invaluable to victims.

36 Primary Prevention: For clients who are not experiencing abuse, screening affirms that IPV is an important health care issue and provides an opportunity to talk about healthy relationships and the warning signs of an abusive relationship. 36 PRIMARY PREVENTION

37 Secondary Prevention: In the early stages of an abusive relationship, early identification and intervention can prevent serious injuries and chronic illnesses as the violence escalates and the entrapment increases. 37 PRIMARY PREVENTION SECONDARY PREVENTION

38 SECONDARY PREVENTION Tertiary Prevention: In relationships with escalating violence, screening provides the opportunity for disclosure in a safe and confidential environment. Even if clients do not feel safe disclosing their abuse, giving supportive messages can end their isolation and let them know that they have options. 38 PRIMARY PREVENTION TERTIARY PREVENTION

39 39 State and local health departments partnered with domestic violence agencies to create screening guidelines Regional train-the-trainers sessions with teams of domestic violence advocates and health department staff Training teams train staff in their counties

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