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© ABB 2009-04-16 SG_Presentation_rev9b.ppt | 1 © ABB 2009-04-16 SG_Presentation_rev9b.ppt | 1 Smart Grid – The evolution of the future grid Karl Elfstadius, ABB Smart Grid
Smart Grid enables a change to a sustainable energy system New political targets, with main focus on Reduction of CO2 emission Energy efficiency Renewable power generation Reliability and security
Consumption Source: SvK Production Wind and Solar requires more balance power Integration of renewable energy sources Challenge: Availability of emission free balance power
Smart Grid enables balance by increased transmission capacity and integrated active consumers Source: SvK Sweden Planning targets for Sweden Wind 30 TWh, 12 000 MW Compare with Hydro16 000 MW Nuclear9 000 MW How to balance intermittent 12 000 MW wind? + Import / - Export Hydro Wind District heating Nuclear Electrical demand
Load Time Smart Grid enables peak load shaving by active consumers Use more efficient production units Use less costly production units Use units with less emission Improved utilization of the grid capacity More available balance power New rules for the electricity market Modified network regulation Benefits for network operator and energy supplier Develop business models that transfers part of the profit to the consumers
Smart Grid components HVDC Light – new technology for DC-connections East West Interconnector 500MW +- 200 kV cabel (sea & land) Customer: Eirgrid, in service 2012 Supports wind power in Ireland BorWin 1 400MW +- 150 kV, 200 km cabel (sea & land) Contributes to reduction of CO 2 emissions with about 1.5 millioner ton/year Supports wind power in Germany
Smart Grid components: Bulk energy storage Energy storage Voltage control Increased stability Used during peak load situations and as emergency reserve during power outages. Product concept Li-on battery cells 5-50 MW, 5 min to 60 min Modular concept
Smart Grid components: Integrated Active House and Electric Vehicle Benefits Active ‘prosumer’ benefits from most favorable spot price Peak load shaving by local production, storage and time shift of consumption Overall reduction of energy consumption by increased consumer awareness Home Energy Management System
Smart Grid components: Charging infrastructure Electric Vehicles Benefits CO2 reduction Allows for the possibility to dispose energy when excess production is available. Peak load shaving Chargin g method DescriptionInstallation Slow charging Individual poles at home or parking lots Charging time ~6 hours ~2kW,, AC converters Fast charging Special charging stations or with equipment at home Charging time ~1 hour ~20kW, AC converters Ultra- fast charging Concept for special charging stations Charging time ~6 min >300kW, DC converters Billing system
R&D sites for Smart Grid From research to business Research & Development: #New technology solutions #New business models #New market rules #New role of the customers and customer behaviors Innovation: Transfer learning's into market rules and commercial applications Education: Site for training and demonstration
Stockholm Royal Seaport – A world class sustainable city, with a Smart Grid as the enabler Objectives Year 2030 fossil free Year 2020 CO2-emissions below 1,5 ton per person Adapted to future climate changes Focus areas Effective energy end-usage Environmental effective transports Local re-cycling Life style
Smart homes/Buildings and Demand Response Reduced peak load and increased energy efficiency by demand side participation and home/building automation Distributed Energy Systems Integration of production for local generation PV and Wind in Home/Building Automation Solution Integration and Use of electric vehicles Integration of PHEV Charging Infrastructure Energy Storage for Network Support and DES Increased stability and power quality Harbor Control Solution Reduced CO2 emission based High voltage shore connection Smart Primary Substations Increased efficiency and reliability with higher automation level Smart Grid Lab (part of Royal Seaport Innovation) Research, development, simulation and implementation of smart grid application 1 7 3 5 2 4 6 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 4 6 7 6 Development and demonstration of a large scale Smart Grid in Stockholm Royal Seaport
© ABB Group August 8, 2015 | Slide 13 Smart Grid research in Stockholm Royal Seaport
Smart Grid is the Enabler for… Transformation to a sustainable energy system Reduced CO2 Increased energy efficiency Renewable energy Reliability and security Continue development of a consumer driven electricity market Increased capacity in existing infrastructure, which has a favourable impact on price development A robust energy system with a large share of distributed renewable production Create opportunities within the power industry that attracts young talents to support the generation shift within the power industry
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