Presentation on theme: "Fashion Merchandising A"— Presentation transcript:
1 Fashion Merchandising A Standard 2Fashion Marketing
2 Fashion Merchandising A Standard 2 Student will understand the basics of fashion marketing.Objective 1: Define Marketing TermsObjective 2: Describe the 4 P’s of MarketingObjective 3: Describe the methods of market segmentationObjective 4: Describe the six marketing functions
3 MarketingThe process of developing, promoting, and distributing products to satisfy customers’ needs and wants. It is a series of activities that fashion businesses undertake so that customers will buy products from them instead of their competitors.
4 Marketing ConceptTo market effectively, fashion marketers follow the principles of the marketing concept, which is the idea that businesses must satisfy customers’ needs and wants in order to make a profit.
5 Target MarketThe specific group of people that a business is trying to reach.
6 Market SegmentationIdentifying a group of consumers, or target market, is achieved through market segmentation, which is a way of analyzing a market by categorizing specific characteristics.
7 Methods of Market Segmentation Demographics: personal characteristics such as age, gender, income, ethnic background, education, religion, occupation, & lifestyle. For Example: A retailer such as PacSun targets a teen or young adult customer.Psychographics: based on social & psychological characteristics such as attitudes, interests & opinions. For example: PacSun, many of the customers may be interested in surfing or skateboarding.Geographics: statistics about where people live. Could include: region, city, county, & climate. For example: PacSun tends to focus its marketing campaigns in warmer & coastal regions rather than in colder climates.Behavioral Segmentation :statistics about consumers based on their knowledge, attitudes, use, or response to a product.Purchase Occasion: instance when a consumer might use a product – casual or work attire.Product Benefits: study of the benefits that consumers desire in a fashion product or service such as stain or wrinkle-resistance.Usage level & commitment : how often consumers use a product & their loyalty to purchasing it.
14 Fashion Merchandising The planning, buying, and selling of fashion apparel and accessories to offer the right merchandise blend to meet consumer demand.
15 The Marketing MixTo sell a fashion product to target customers, businesses must apply the marketing mix. The marketing mix consists of four basic marketing strategies (4Ps) – product, price, place & promotion.
16 ProductRefers to what company is offering for sale to customers to satisfy their needs & wants.Includes goods & services.Fashion marketers develop strategies that include producing, packaging, & naming a product.Examples of Goods:Examples of Services:
17 Price The amount of money consumers will pay for a product. Fashion marketers must determine how much consumers are willing to pay.
18 PlaceRefers to the way products are distributed and their systems of delivery.Important place decisions include how & where a product will be distributed, where the customer will purchase the item, and when the product is distributed.
19 PromotionAny form of communication that a business or organization uses to inform, persuade, or remind people to buy its product.
21 6 Functions of Marketing PricingChannel ManagementPromotionSellingProduct/Service ManagementMarketing-Information Management
22 Product/Service Management Fashion businesses must develop, maintain, & improve their products in response to customer demands. Fashion producers look for new ways to use existing items or produce new ones that will continue to interest the consumer. For example: a current textile in apparel is spandex. Although this material has been in existence for years, its popularity increased when designers began using it for women’s & men’s active-wear fashions.
23 Pricing FunctionA primary goal of any business is to make a profit. A key factor in achieving this goal is to price a product accurately. Pricing includes how much to charge for goods & services in order to maximize profits. Although companies price their merchandise based on what the customer is willing to pay, they must be careful not to set prices so low that business does not make a profit.
24 Channel ManagementThis marketing function is responsible for identifying, selecting, monitoring, and evaluating sales channels, also known as channels of distribution.Each channel of distribution is a path or route that goods and services take from the producer to the ultimate consumer or industrial user. These paths or routes aren’t physical, however. Instead, they refer to businesses or people who perform a variety of activities to enable products to be in the right places at the right times.Effective channel management is often a key to a business’s success because it puts products in the customers’ hands.
25 Marketing-Information Management Function The world of fashion is ever-changing. Gathering information is critical. Information is obtained primarily through marketing research, which helps fashion businesses determine their customers’ preferences & how to better market products. Businesses are able to effectively use the information through marketing-information management systems. The five main elements are:Input – reports, past records, or surveysStorage – storing the information on a computer, jump drive, etc…Analysis – studying the information gatheredOutput – reports of the analysis & conclusions drawn from the informationDecision Making – the final results of the first four elements.
26 Promotion FunctionWhen new or existing products are developed, fashion marketers must promote their products to make sales. Promotion is the communication technique a business uses, such as advertising, and other promotional methods, to interest customers in buying the products. Manufacturers also promote their merchandise to retailers through catalog & Internet methods.
27 Selling FunctionThe selling function involves the direct personal contact that businesses have with their customers. Developing good selling skills is especially important for selling more expensive apparel and designer fashions. Sales personnel must be able to communicate the benefits & features of the items so that customers are willing to pay higher prices.
28 Channels of Distribution Direct ChannelIndirect ChannelThe path of distribution in which products are sold by the producer directly to the customer.The path of distribution of products that involves one ore more steps, or intermediaries. For example, a product moves from the manufacturer, to the wholesaler, to the retailer, and then to the consumer.
31 SellingPersonal Selling – any form of direct contact between a salesperson and a customerRetail Selling – customers come to the storeBusiness-to-business Selling – takes place in a manufacturer’s or wholesaler’s showroom or a customer’s place of businessTelemarketing – selling over the telephoneNational Do Not Call Registry, established by the FTC in 2003
32 Goals of SellingHelp customers make satisfying buying decisions, which create ongoing, profitable relationships between buyer and seller.Repeat business is crucial to the success of any company
33 Consultative SellingProviding solutions to customers’ problems by finding products that meet their needs.Problem – Customer stands all day on her new job and her feet hurt.Solution – Salesperson suggests shoes designed for comfort and support.
34 Feature-Benefit Selling Customers don’t buy products – they buy what products can do for them.
35 Product Features May be basic, physical, or extended attributes The most basic feature is the product’s intended useAdditional features add more value to the product
36 This car is a bright shade of red. Obvious FeatureThis car is a bright shade of red.
37 Customer BenefitsThe advantages or personal satisfaction a customer will get from a good or serviceBenefits become selling pointsHow does the feature help the product’s performance?How does the performance information give the customer a personal reason to buy?
38 This bright red car will attract the guys/girls Obvious BenefitThis bright red car will attract the guys/girls
39 Unique or Exclusive Benefits Our cars are so safe, we guarantee you won’t be crushed in a crash from the side.
40 Feature Benefit ChartA list of a product’s features and associated benefits.
41 Customer Buying Motives What motivates the customer to buy?Rational Motive – a conscious, logical reason for a purchaseEmotional Motive – feelings such as social approval, recognition, power, love, or prestige
42 Customer Decision Making Extensive Decision Making – used when there has been little or no previous experience with the itemHigh risk itemsVery expensiveHigh value to the customer
43 Limited Decision Making – when a person buys goods and services that he or she has purchased before but not regularlyModerate degree of riskPerson needs some information before buying the product
44 Routine Decision Making – person needs little information about a product High degree of prior experienceLittle perceived risk
46 Steps of a Sale Approaching the customer Determining needs Presenting the productOvercoming objectionsClosing the saleSuggestion sellingRelationship building
47 Approaching the Customer The first face-to-face contact with the customer.Can make or break a saleSets the mood or atmosphereEstablishes a relationship
48 You never get a second chance to make a first impression!
49 The Approach in Business-to-Business Selling Set up an appointmentIntroduce yourself with a firm handshake and a smile.Be more personal with customers you know.Use good opening statements with new customers.
50 The Approach in Retail Selling If customer is in a hurry, approach quickly.If customer is undecided, let them look.Encourage customers to look around and to ask questions.
51 Service Approach Method Methods for the initial approach:Service Approach MethodAsk if assistance is needed.“May I help you?”Problem – customer says, “I’m just looking.”Instead, ask “How may I help you?”
52 Greeting Approach Method The salesperson welcomes the customer“Good morning.”Establishes a positive atmosphere.
53 Merchandise Approach Method Let the customer look around. When they show interest in a product, the salesperson makes a comment or asks a question.The most effective approach because it gets the customer talking about the merchandise he/she may be interested in.
54 If I were an article of clothing Students will write a 3-5-paragraph essay to complete the following statement. “If I were an article of clothing, I would be…” Included in this essay must be a detailed description of what the article of clothing looks like, the characteristics of the article of clothing which are similar to your characteristics as a person, and how you would spend your day as this article of clothing. (What would you do? where would you go?) Each paragraph must be at least 5 sentences in length. Include one picture.
55 If I were an article of clothing, I would be a pair of indigo sandblast Levi´s Super Low Boot Cut Jeans. I have a flirty low-rise styling in slim-fitting stretch denim with a 32” inseam. Notice my classic five-pocket styling and button fly. I am made of the best denim fabric known to mankind, cotton/lycra spandex. I am machine washable.I am everyone’s favorite thing to wear and am extremely versatile since I can be dressed up or down. I promise to always make you look good. I even make you happy when you feel like you’ve gained ten pounds. I make you look sexy when you go on a date. I am a classic. I will never go out of style. My owner will wear me every week, until the brink of death when I am faded and my inseam is falling apart.A day in my life would be spent in Nordstrom’s. A pretty, young Marketing teacher would spot me from across the store. Yes! I am her size, but do I fit her? She takes me to the dressing room for the dreaded trying on process. A perfect fit! She admires me in the mirror. Or is she admiring herself? Yeah, I make her look good and she knows it. She doesn’t even take me off. She walks up to the cashier in the jeans department. All the other jeans are jealous because she picked me. No one has ever been worn out of the store before, that is, until now. After she pays for me and walks away from the cashier, he checks her out. No, wait, he’s not checking her out, he’s admiring the detailed stitch on my back pockets. He’s checking me out! Hey, slow down Marketing teacher. What’s the hurry? If he wants to look, let him. She stops. Now’s my chance. Hey babe, what’s your name?Tina Walsh Lake Taylor HS Norfolk VAExample