Presentation on theme: "Mr. Beerbower McHenry High School"— Presentation transcript:
1 Mr. Beerbower McHenry High School MedicinesMr. BeerbowerMcHenry High School
2 4 Broad Categories of Medicine Prevent DiseaseFight PathogensRelieve PainHelp Heart and regulate Blood Pressure
3 Vaccines & Analgesics What is a Vaccine What are Analgesics A preparation containing weakened or dead pathogens that cause a particular disease given to prevent one from contracting that diseaseWhat are AnalgesicsPain relieversWhat is the most widely used non-prescription analgesic?Aspirin
4 Side Effects and Interaction Reactions to medicine other than one intended.Additive Interaction:Medicines that work together in a positive waySynergistic Effect:Interaction of 2 meds that result in a greater effect than when meds are taken independently.Antagonistic Interaction:Effect of medication is cancelled or reduced when taken with another medicine
5 Medicine Info cont… Tolerance: Withdrawal: A condition in which the body becomes used to the effect of the medicine or drug.Withdrawal:Process that occurs when a person stops using a medicine when they have a physiological dependence.The symptoms are the body’s reaction to not having the drug.Withdrawal symptoms include:Nausea & vomitingHeadaches or dizzinessFeverDigestion problemsParanoia or panicTremors, seizures, or death
6 OTC & Prescription Drugs Over The Counter Medicine (OTC)A medicine that is sold legally in pharmacies & other stores without a doctor's prescription.Prescription DrugsA drug that can be obtained only with a written order from a doctor and can be purchased only at a pharmacy.
7 Proper Use, Misuse, Abuse Following all of the instructions on the labelMisuseImproper use of the medicinesDrug misuse is often by mistake or because of a patient's misunderstanding of a doctor’s orders.AbuseIntentionally using a drug improperly or unsafely.Deliberately taking more than is recommended or taking for purposes other than treating an illness.
8 Medicine Safety Using Medicines Correctly: Read all the information on the label and follow the directionsOnly take medicines prescribed for you.Call your doctor if a medicine causes serious side effortsNever combine medicines without checking with your doctorNever drink alcohol while taking medicinesStore medicines according to the label’s instructions.How many schedules of drugs are there?5Which schedules are illegal?One
9 Examples of Medical Misuse Giving Prescription to someone elseTake Prescription of someone elseTake too much or too littleMixing medicinesDiscontinuing use of meds without telling doctorTaking for longer than told
10 Health Stats The graph shows the number of new abusers of prescription pain relievers in each year since 1985.What factors do you think are responsible for the increase in prescription drug abuse?
11 Medicine Safety PDR: Physicians Desk Reference It lists all prescription drugs on the marketAre Brand name products always better than generic brands?Most of the time they are from the same assembly line
12 How Drugs Affect the Brain Area of the brain’s“reward pathway”
13 How Drugs Affect the Brain Area of the brain’s“reward pathway”
14 How Drugs Affect the Brain Area of the brain’s“reward pathway”