Presentation on theme: "Copyright Law and Avoiding Plagiarism"— Presentation transcript:
1 Copyright Law and Avoiding Plagiarism Introduce Group 1Kathy SorrellAngie DennisJane RobertsRoxanne Kennedy
2 What is Copyright?the exclusive legal right to reproduce, publish, sell, or distribute the matter and form of something (as a literary, musical, or artistic work)No one else may use, copy or alter the work without permission or under certain circumstances (fair use)Slide 2 - What is copyright?A copyright is attached to an original work of art or literature and gives the creator exclusive rights to reproduce, distribute, adapt, perform, or display the work. No one else may use, copy or alter the work without permission or under certain circumstances.
4 Do copyrights last forever? Work created after 1978 has copyright protection until 70 years after the death of the authorWork created between 1923 and 1978 has copyright protection for 95 years.Work created before is Public Domain
5 Why is copyright important? The main motive for creative works (money) disappears. If authors can’t make a living writing, most will not write. If a movie company can’t profit from a movie, they will hire fewer actors.If copyright exists but can’t be enforced, the above still happens eventually. The end result is less creative content and content will not be as accessible.
6 How do I legally use copyrighted material? In education, we are not completely restricted by copyright laws. "Fair Use" allows for limited use of copyrighted works for educational and research purposes.
7 Fair Use Guidelines Slide 4 - Fair Use Guidelines for Educators A copyrighted work may be used or copied for educational purposes under fair use conditions. Copyright law provides four standards to determine fair use.1. Purpose of use – Will it be used in a non-profit educational institution?2. Nature of the work – Is it published? Is it factual or creative?3. Amount of the work used – The more you use, the less likely it is fair use.4. Effect on marketability or value– Will there be a reduction in sales? What would happen if everyone does what you do?
8 text - up to 10% or 1000 words, whichever is less Cumulative portion limits: motion media - up to 10% or 3 minutes, whichever is lesstext - up to 10% or 1000 words, whichever is lesspoem - up to 250 wordsmusic - up to 10% or 30 seconds, whichever is lessphotos and images - up to 5 works from one author; up to 10% or 15 works, whichever is less, from a collection
9 If you need to use more material than Fair Use allows, you MUST get permission from the owner of the creative work.Failure to adhere to “Fair Use” or to obey the copyright law is copyright infringement
10 Even if we use a part of a copyrighted work through Fair Use guidelines, we must still cite our source.
11 Using someone’s work without giving proper credit PlagiarismUsing someone’s work without giving proper creditI like the writing in that paper. I only wish more of it had been yours!
12 Copyright Infringement vs. Plagiarism Copyright infringement is using someone else's creative work, which can include a song, a video, a movie clip, a piece of visual art, a photograph, and other creative works, without authorization or compensation, if compensation is appropriate. (violation of the law)Plagiarism is using someone else's work without giving proper credit - a failure to cite adequately. (ethics violation)
13 Examples of Plagiarism Copying and pasting text from online encyclopedias or any web siteCopying another student’s test or homeworkUsing photographs, video or audio without permission or acknowledgementUsing another student’s or your parents’ work and claiming it as your own even with permissionGetting a research paper, story, poem, or article off the InternetFailing to put a quotation in quotation marks
14 Excuses It’s okay if I don’t get caught! Everyone does it! I’ve got to getinto??? U.!This assignmentwas BORING!I was too busy towrite that paper!(getting my hair done, biggame, too much homework!)My teachersexpecttoo much!My parentsexpect “A”s!
15 Why is this important? What if: Your architect cheated his way through design class? Will your new home be safe?Your doctor cheated his way through surgical techniques class? Would he remove your appendix or spleen?Your check out clerk cheated in math class? Will he give you the right change from your purchase?
16 How to Avoid Plagiarism If you have paraphrased someone’s work, (summarizing a passage in your own words)-always give creditTake very good notes--write down the source as you are taking notes. Do not wait until later to try and retrieve the original sourceAvoid using someone else’s work with minor “cosmetic” changes
17 Know How to ParaphraseParaphrasing means putting an idea into your own words.Don’t just rearrange the sentences or replace a few words.Be able to summarize the original source without having it in front of you.
18 Sample ParaphrasingOriginal Passage He was a very silent man by custom. Paraphrased Text He was usually a quiet person.
19 Paraphrase the Sentences The adolescent maneuvered the bi-wheeled vehicle undamaged.In the metropolis the recreational area was dilapidated.The educator removed the unruly student from t the environment.