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Copyright Law and Avoiding Plagiarism

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright Law and Avoiding Plagiarism"— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright Law and Avoiding Plagiarism
Introduce Group 1 Kathy Sorrell Angie Dennis Jane Roberts Roxanne Kennedy

2 What is Copyright? the exclusive legal right to reproduce, publish, sell, or distribute the matter and form of something (as a literary, musical, or artistic work)No one else may use, copy or alter the work without permission or under certain circumstances (fair use) Slide 2 - What is copyright? A copyright is attached to an original work of art or literature and gives the creator exclusive rights to reproduce, distribute, adapt, perform, or display the work. No one else may use, copy or alter the work without permission or under certain circumstances.

3 Copyright is Automatic
Since 1978 any new works created have copyright protection as soon as they are in tangible form. There is no need to include a copyright notice. (©2003). However, it is a good idea to do so since many do not know.

4 Do copyrights last forever?
Work created after 1978 has copyright protection until 70 years after the death of the author Work created between 1923 and 1978 has copyright protection for 95 years. Work created before is Public Domain

5 Why is copyright important?
The main motive for creative works (money) disappears. If authors can’t make a living writing, most will not write. If a movie company can’t profit from a movie, they will hire fewer actors. If copyright exists but can’t be enforced, the above still happens eventually. The end result is less creative content and content will not be as accessible.

6 How do I legally use copyrighted material?
In education, we are not completely restricted by copyright laws. "Fair Use" allows for limited use of copyrighted works for educational and research purposes.

7 Fair Use Guidelines Slide 4 - Fair Use Guidelines for Educators
A copyrighted work may be used or copied for educational purposes under fair use conditions. Copyright law provides four standards to determine fair use. 1. Purpose of use – Will it be used in a non-profit educational institution? 2. Nature of the work – Is it published? Is it factual or creative? 3. Amount of the work used – The more you use, the less likely it is fair use. 4. Effect on marketability or value– Will there be a reduction in sales? What would happen if everyone does what you do?

8 text - up to 10% or 1000 words, whichever is less
Cumulative portion limits: motion media - up to 10% or 3 minutes, whichever is less text - up to 10% or 1000 words, whichever is less poem - up to 250 words music - up to 10% or 30 seconds, whichever is less photos and images - up to 5 works from one author; up to 10% or 15 works, whichever is less, from a collection

9 If you need to use more material than Fair Use allows, you MUST get permission from the owner of the creative work. Failure to adhere to “Fair Use” or to obey the copyright law is copyright infringement

10 Even if we use a part of a copyrighted work through Fair Use guidelines, we must still cite our source.

11 Using someone’s work without giving proper credit
Plagiarism Using someone’s work without giving proper credit I like the writing in that paper. I only wish more of it had been yours!

12 Copyright Infringement vs. Plagiarism
Copyright infringement is using someone else's creative work, which can include a song, a video, a movie clip, a piece of visual art, a photograph, and other creative works, without authorization or compensation, if compensation is appropriate. (violation of the law) Plagiarism is using someone else's work without giving proper credit - a failure to cite adequately. (ethics violation)

13 Examples of Plagiarism
Copying and pasting text from online encyclopedias or any web site Copying another student’s test or homework Using photographs, video or audio without permission or acknowledgement Using another student’s or your parents’ work and claiming it as your own even with permission Getting a research paper, story, poem, or article off the Internet Failing to put a quotation in quotation marks

14 Excuses It’s okay if I don’t get caught! Everyone does it!
I’ve got to get into ??? U.! This assignment was BORING! I was too busy to write that paper! (getting my hair done, big game, too much homework!) My teachers expect too much! My parents expect “A”s!

15 Why is this important? What if:
Your architect cheated his way through design class? Will your new home be safe? Your doctor cheated his way through surgical techniques class? Would he remove your appendix or spleen? Your check out clerk cheated in math class? Will he give you the right change from your purchase?

16 How to Avoid Plagiarism
If you have paraphrased someone’s work, (summarizing a passage in your own words)-always give credit Take very good notes--write down the source as you are taking notes. Do not wait until later to try and retrieve the original source Avoid using someone else’s work with minor “cosmetic” changes

17 Know How to Paraphrase Paraphrasing means putting an idea into your own words. Don’t just rearrange the sentences or replace a few words. Be able to summarize the original source without having it in front of you.

18 Sample Paraphrasing Original Passage He was a very silent man by custom. Paraphrased Text He was usually a quiet person.

19 Paraphrase the Sentences
The adolescent maneuvered the bi-wheeled vehicle undamaged. In the metropolis the recreational area was dilapidated. The educator removed the unruly student from t the environment.

20 Online Bibliography Generator

21 Credits Becker, Gary. Copyright. Report in “What is Copyright?” by Brenda Myers, 2000. Simpson, Carol. “Copyright 101.” Educational Leadership. January 2002.

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