Presentation on theme: "Shelby Herstine, Fillie Landi, Mike LeBus"— Presentation transcript:
1 Shelby Herstine, Fillie Landi, Mike LeBus Fragile X SyndromeShelby Herstine, Fillie Landi, Mike LeBus
2 What is Fragile X Syndrome? Fragile X syndrome is a disease that causes mental retardation and other physical and mental issues.
3 What causes Fragile X?Fragile X is caused by a change in the FMR1 gene on the X Chromosome. This inherited defect causes the production of little to none of the FMRP protein which helps your brain to grow.
4 How do you know when someone has Fragile X? The signs and symptoms are the same as most mental retardations.BehavioralDelay in crawling, walking, and twistingHand clapping/bitingHyperactivitySpeech and language delayAvoidance of eye contactPhysicalFlat feetFlexible jointsLow muscle toneLarge body sizeLarge foreheadProminent jawLong faceSoft skin
5 How can Fragile X be diagnosed? Since 1991 there has been DNA testing that can be done before or after birth to see if the child carries the Fragile X gene. Though it is not possible to tell if the child will be effected and actually have Fragile X until the child begins to grow up.
6 What are cures or treatments for Fragile X? There is no cure for Fragile X and there is not one single treatment for the disease.There are however treatments for the symptoms of Fragile X to help minimize the conditions and try and have the child live a normal healthy life.Children with Fragile X will receive special education, and behavioral and physical therapy.
7 How long will someone with Fragile X live? Children with Fragile X syndrome will most likely live a normal lifespan.People cannot die from Fragile X itself although it may cause seizures, heart murmurs, and increases the risk for chrome inner ear infections.
8 Does Fragile X favor males or females? Fragile X is more commonly occurring in males.1 in 3600 males will have this disease while only 1 in females will.15% of effected males will develop seizures while only 5% of effected females will.