Presentation on theme: "Product Design: Natural Woods By Sasha Walker. NATURAL WOODS HARDWOODS SOFTWOODS Oak MahoganyTeakAsh Elm Balsa BirchBeech WalnutChestnut Scots Pine Spruce."— Presentation transcript:
NATURAL WOODS HARDWOODS SOFTWOODS Oak MahoganyTeakAsh Elm Balsa BirchBeech WalnutChestnut Scots Pine Spruce Douglas Fir Evergreen Deciduous HARDWOODS = Timbers that are deciduous(lose leaves in autumn)and slow growing. SOFTWOODS = Timbers that are evergreen(do no lose leaves in autumn) and are quick growing.
Properties and Uses White Oak and Red Oak stronger due to the climate they grown in compared to Northern oaks. Oak Great strength and Hardness high crushing strength so therefore can be useful to hold up structures such as beams. White Oak can be used for outdoor furniture due to its moisture Resistant to insect or fungal attack Flooring, Doors, white oak Barrels can store Spirits, Cork Oak for wine stoppers. White Oak bark used in medical preparations. Acorns used to make flour and Coffee
Mahogany Extremely good for cabinets and other furniture, Boat Construction, used in musical instruments(Acoustic Guitars and Drum Shells). Used on certain stereo headphones to give music genres the sound it needs. Doors, Floors, Pool Cues, Certain Writing Pens. Good screwing and nailing properties can be glued and stained effectively and has great quality finish The timber produces a good veneer Durable and versatile Mahogany resists wood rot Can be easily stained which alters the colour of the natural wood Properties and Uses
Beech Properties and Uses excellent for firewood, Heavy and Strong, Hard and Tough, can be painted, stained and polished. Plywood, Furniture, chairs and tables Interior furnishing, stairs Tools Household equipment Model building PianosToys
Teak Properties and Uses Naturally High in Rubber and Oil content Has a close grain which means it is a good wood for carving as you can achieve high detail Resistant to climates/ weathers ( snow, rain, frost, hot sun,) and also resistant to rotting which makes it perfect for outdoors. Expensive wood and can be hard to locate/obtain so substitute woods are available(Iroko, Shorea wood(African Teak)) Resistant to termite(insect) attacks. Over time it can gradually turn into a silvery grey colour. Teak is used for Doors, Windowframes, Furniture and beams in Old style houses. Suitable for indoor and outdoor furniture uses. Bridges (e.g. – U Bein bridge (longest teak bridge in world - 1.2 km )).
Ash Properties and Uses Strong and flexible‘user friendly’ takes easily to glue and nails Can be used to make furniture, tools, sports equipment, Basket Making and other detailed crafts. In the Past Ash was used by the Anglo Saxons for spears and shield handles. Aircraft wings on the De Havilland Mosquito which flew in World War II. Ash is the fourth commonest tree species in Britain and is sometimes the dominant tree in a wood. It is found across Europe from the Arctic Circle to Turkey.
Scots Pine weak, and light with low decay resistance, shock resistance can be steam bent. Very stable. parts of musical instruments Christmas Trees Attractive ornamental plantings for parks and larger gardens Carvings and sculptures Puppets Toys Match sticks Properties and Uses
Spruce Properties and Uses Spruce branches are also used at Aintree racecourse, Liverpool, to build several of the fences on the Grand National course. Native Americans in North America use the thin roots of some species of spruce for weaving baskets. Spruces are a natural source of vitamin C One of the most important woods for paper uses, as it has long wood fibres which bind together to make strong paper. Christmas Trees Low resistance to Decay, Lightweight, Exterior stain can be applied which will maintain durability. Doesnt Warp, can be air dried, can be use din framing.
Douglas Fir Medium to coarse texture, can be easily varnished. Recommended for interior use only. Wood kept outdoors may only last for 12 -18 months. Christmas Trees Plywood Doors pine was used for masts on ships Properties and Uses
LIFE CYCLE OF NATURAL WOOD 12 3 4 5 6 7 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QrNSc5TFo j4 TIMBER MANUFACTURING PROCESSES This shows the natural cycle from the forest to when it is made into furniture and the stages throughout.
P.S.E and F.S.C P.S.E AND F.S.C are woods from sustainable forests which plant trees and grow them responsibly. http://www.youtube.com/user/fscinternation al?feature=results_main