Presentation on theme: "Parents’ Tips and Tricks"— Presentation transcript:
1 Parents’ Tips and Tricks October 28, 2014Presented by:Kara Passage, Megan Pellegrino,Karen Sabatino, and Kimberly Savolskis
2 Parents’ Tips and Tricks Seven Keys to ComprehensionLiterature Genres/”Just Right” BooksStop and Jot/Reading ResponsesQuestioningInferenceBuilding StaminaTalking About Books
3 Seven Keys to Comprehension Reading is an interactive process in which good readers engage in a constant internal dialogue with the textGood readers use 7 keys to unlock meaningTo read well, readers must regularly use these strategies
4 Seven Keys to Comprehension 1. Create Mental ImagesGood readers create a wide range of visual, auditory, and other sensory images as they readThey become emotionally involved with what they read
5 Seven Keys to Comprehension 2. Use Background Knowledge (Schema)Good readers use their relevant prior knowledge before, during, and after reading to enhance their understanding of what they’re reading
6 Seven Keys to Comprehension 3. Ask QuestionsGood readers generate questions before, during, and after readingTo clarify meaningTo make predictionsTo focus on what’s important
7 Seven Keys to Comprehension 4. Make InferencesGood readers use their prior knowledge and information from what they read to:Make predictionsSeek answers to questionsDraw conclusionsCreate interpretations that deepen their understanding of the text
8 Seven Keys to Comprehension 5. Determine ImportanceGood readers identify key ideas or themes as they read, and they can distinguish between important and unimportant information
9 Seven Keys to Comprehension 6. Synthesize InformationGood readers track their thinking as it evolves during reading to get the overall meaning
10 Seven Keys to Comprehension 7. Use Fix-up StrategiesGood readers are aware of when they understand and when they don’tIf they have trouble understanding specific words, phrases, or longer passages, they use a wide range of problem-solving strategiesRereading, asking questions, using a dictionary, and reading the passage aloud
11 Literature Genres Fiction Nonfiction Poetry Traditional Literature FantasyScience FictionRealistic FictionHistorical FictionMysteryNonfictionInformationalBiographyAutobiographyPoetry
12 Literature Forms Kindergarten/Grade 1: Grade 2: Oral stories Picture BooksWordless picture booksInformation picture booksGrade 2:Oral StoriesInformational picture booksPicture story booksBeginning chapter booksBeginning series books
13 “Just Right” Books: Parent Tips Pre-reading skills:Moving into “Just Right” books, you child should be able to:1 to 1 matchConcepts about PrintReads own writingIncludes initial and final letters in writingWrites with spacing
14 “Just Right” Books: Parent Tips (cont’d) Level A:Read and reread simple texts with help!Point to each wordLevel B:Finger point while saying each wordLevel C:Self-correctingVary voice when encountering dialogue
15 “Just Right” Books: Parent Tips (cont’d) Level D:No longer pointing to each wordAttention to word endingsLevel E:Chooses text with familiar vocabularyLevel F:Texts include content beyond home, neighborhoods, and school
16 “Just Right” Books: Parent Tips (cont’d) Level G:Reading for understanding.Self-correcting and rereadingLevel H:Begins silent readingOral reading:Appropriate ratePhrasingIntonationWord Stress
17 “Just Right” Books: Parent Tips (cont’d) Level I:Begin short chapter books with single point of view and illustrationsNonfiction texts focused on single topicLevel J:Silent readingBegin using post its! and writing responsesLevel K:Oral reading fluency:Appropriate rateWord stressIntonationPhrasingPausing
18 “Just Right” Books: Parent Tips (cont’d) Level L:Solve complex words (i.e. Multi-syllable words, contractions, content specific)Level M:Begin chapter booksLevel N:Solve words smoothly and automaticallyLevel O:Some abstract themes require inferential thinking to gain meaningRead and fully understand text
19 “Just Right” Books: Parent Tips (cont’d) Level P:More abstract texts child must demonstrate understandingLevel Q:Longer descriptive words, content specific words, and technical words that require the use of content clues, schema, and readers’ tools.Level R:A variety of layouts and fontsUse illustration for more context clues
20 “Just Right” Books: Parent Tips (cont’d) Level S:Understanding of cultural diversityUnderstand of deeper meanings to important human problems and social issuesLevel T:More complex text, your child demonstrates an understanding for the text.Level U - Z:Levels become more challenging and contain more complex sentences and paragraphs.Level U: Characteristics similar to level TLevel V: Increase use of symbolismLevel W: Themes are multidimensionalLevels X, Y, and Z: More mature themes
21 Stop and Jot and Reading Responses Comprehension is the reason for reading. If readers can read the words but do not understand what they are reading, they are not really readingAs they read, good readers are both purposeful and active
22 Stop and Jot Stop and Jot: A time in their reading when they should stop and think about what they just read!
24 QuestioningSince children are naturally brimming full with questions, it is easy to funnel their question-asking talents to help them more fully interact with booksGood readers ask questions that they have before reading, during reading, and after reading. If you and your child are reading a book that is of high interest to your child (especially non-fiction), you may want to consider keeping track of your before, during, and after questions
26 QuestioningMost questions are not answered right away, some are there if you look hard enough, and others are not there at all.Help your child answer questions that he/she may have by writing them down and then reading to find them. Become detectives!
27 Questioning How to Thoughtfully Respond to Reading Encourage your child to ask questions as he/she reads is part of a larger task: inspiring wonder. There are so many things to wonder about: I wonder what a black hole is. I wonder why people risk their lives to climb Mt. Everest. I wonder how life began...Before you start reading a book with your child, play the “I Wonder” gameHold a conversation and discuss what your child has read. Ask your child probing questions about the book and connect the events to his or her own life. For example, say "I wonder why that girl did that?" or "How do you think he felt? Why?" and "So, what lesson can we learn here?"
30 Building Stamina and Engaging Your Child in Book Discussions
31 What is stamina? Strong readers have stamina Stamina builds strength, endurance and muscle memory to aid in comprehension
32 Why Build Stamina? To establish good reading habits Develop a love of readingDevelop independent literacy routinesIndependent reading time is essential to the Common CoreNo stamina-Fake Reader VS Stamina-Strong Reader
33 How can I help my child build stamina? Model a love of reading and good reading habitsDevelop a sense of urgency for reading by making reading time a priorityEstablish a meeting placeIdentify a book nookHave “tools” accessibleFoster IndependenceGive positive feedbackEnjoy this quality time!Sense of urgency- must make time every day/priorityDemonstrate you interest and love of readingTools- post its, markers, whisper phone, timers, incentive charts, ideas for discussionSmall, cozy, unusual butvisible places,add fun and interest to reading independently!
34 Building Stamina Set Goals Start small (5 minute intervals, then increase)Use a timer*20 minutes uninterrupted/1 book a weekChart progress, include incentivesPurpose:story elements, interesting parts, make connections, predictions, purpose-( jar of questions, stems, cubes)
39 Get Creative Have Fun Great idea for sweet book talk! Write Thinking Stems, or discussion points, on cards in a bowl. Choose 3-4 before reading to set a purpose, or after reading to help direct your thoughts and responses.Use them to discuss TV shows and movies, as well.Great idea for sweet book talk!Form book club with other parents and friends!Visit places you read about! Find ways to extend learning beyond the pages!
40 Some Final Thoughts“The mind, once stretched by a new idea, never returns to its original dimensions”Ralph Waldo EmersonThe mind is like a parachute, it only functions when open.
41 Resources Utilized7 Keys to Comprehension: How to Help Your Kids Read It and Get It by Susan Zimmermann and Chryse Hutchins