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Investing for Beginners Justin Gilly RVA Financial.

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1 Investing for Beginners Justin Gilly RVA Financial

2 Now vs Later Jim invests $100 a month ($1,200/year) at age 25 for 10 years at 10.00% compounded monthly (compounding continues after age 35) Sam invests $100 a month ($1,200) at age 35 for 30 years at 10.00% compounded monthly Who has more money at age 65?

3 Time Is Money

4 Dow Jones Industrial Average

5 Personal Pension Social Sec. Retirement The 3 Legged Retirement Stool

6 Where Can You Put Your Money? Debts (a good thing) Savings – bank holds your money CDs – bank holds your money, time specified Money Market – short term Bonds – “loan”, lower risk (usually)

7 Where Can You Put your Money? Securities Stocks – “ownership”, risk varies Mutual Funds – “pool”, risk varies ETF’s – “index”, risk varies

8 What Programs are Available for Retirement Savings? What are they, how do they work, and what are the underlying investments Traditional IRA Roth IRA 403 (b) 401 (k)

9 IRA After-Tax Investment up to $5,000/year Account grows tax deferred Taxes paid once distributions are taken 10% IRS penalty assessed before age 59 1/2 Must start distributions at age 70 1/2 Equal distributions under Rule 72(t) Some withdrawals allowed

10 Roth IRA Tax-free earnings and distributions after five years and age 59½ Maximum annual contribution of up to $5,000 Contributions permitted after age 70½ Distributions not required after age 70½ Penalty-free withdrawals prior to age 59½ under certain circumstances

11 403(b) Schools, colleges, state agencies Immediate vesting 2009 max contribution $15500 Portable

12 401(k) Employer sponsored Matching/vesting schedules 2008 max contribution $15500 Portable?

13 How To Manage Risk Consult an investment professional Match your investments with your time frame Pick funds managed by experienced professionals Invest regularly - in good times and bad Diversify!

14 How Do Taxes Affect Investing? Tax Deductible Investing options Tax Deferred Investing options Marginal Tax Brackets

15 How To Get Started. Talk to an advisor Start doing research Tips to help get started Begin planning 401(k) - go to employer IRA - Bank/ mutual funds/ETFs – do own investments T. Rowe Price, Vanguard, Fidelity, etc – use a financial advisor

16 Summary Points Start Now Where to Invest Retirement Diversify Retirement Taxes How to Get Started Advisor or Not Cost Wrap Up

17 Questions?

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