# Please have a seat and wait quietly for further directions!

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Please have a seat and wait quietly for further directions!

Independent and Dependent (Subordinate) Clauses

A clause has ALWAYS has a subject and a predicate
A clause has ALWAYS has a subject and a predicate.  There are two main types of clauses.

Independent Clause Think of an independent clause as a grown man or woman who can live on his/her own!

Independent Clause An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence
Independent Clause An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence.  Here is an example: we walk to school This clause expresses a complete thought.

An independent clause can be long or short:
she runs my little sister runs as slow as a snail the car stalled the rusty old car suddenly stalled in the intersection

Dependent (Subordinate) Clause
Think of a dependent clause as a baby who needs someone to support him!

Dependent clauses depend,
or need, an independent clause.

Dependent (Subordinate) Clause A dependent clause cannot stand alone as a sentence.  Here is an example: when the cake is done baking  This clause does not express a complete thought.

A hint: Dependent clauses often begin with words called subordinating conjunctions like if, whether, because, although, when, or since. We also call these words dependent clause markers.

Here’s how to remember what subordinating conjunctions are:

If a dependent clause is at the beginning of the sentence, look for a dependent clause marker, or subordinating conjunction. The dependent clause will have a comma at the end of it. While you are waiting, help yourself to some cookies.

If a dependent clause is at the end of the sentence, it will still have a dependent clause marker, or subordinating conjunction, but will not be separated by a comma. Help yourself to some cookies while you are waiting.

Identify each of the following clauses as either independent or dependent.

because I was late

I carried my umbrella

if it stops raining

I like to play wii

when I get home

after Temi finished her homework

Joaquin and David played a fraction game

Let’s identify the dependent and independent clauses in the following sentences and punctuate them correctly.

We ride our bikes to school when the weather is nice.

Since we have some extra time I think we should work on our homework.

Although he overslept Oscar wasn’t late for school.

Fernanda made paper flowers for the party while the cookies were baking.

If you wait until after school I can go to the store with you.

It is time for the test whether you’re ready or not.

TRUE or FALSE? Independent clauses and dependent clauses MUST have a subject and verb (predicate) Independent and dependent clauses are always sentences that can stand on their own. Label the underlined clause as INDEPENDENT (I) or DEPENDENT (D) If the sky looks cloudy, we will cancel our plans. Unless you call first, I will leave for the beach at ten. I cooked dinner after I got home from the beach. Sometimes we surf when we are at the beach with our friends. I like this beach because it is rarely crowded. BONUS: What is the other, more official term for DEPENDENT CLAUSE?

TRUE FALSE D I D I I SUBORDINATE CLAUSE TRUE or FALSE?
Independent clauses and dependent clauses MUST have a subject and verb (predicate) Independent and dependent clauses are always sentences that can stand on their own. Label the underlined clause as INDEPENDENT (I) or DEPENDENT (D) If the sky looks cloudy, we will cancel our plans. Unless you call first, I will leave for the beach at ten. I cooked dinner after I got home from the beach. Sometimes we surf when we are at the beach with our friends. I like this beach because it is rarely crowded. BONUS: What is the other, more official term for DEPENDENT CLAUSE? FALSE D I D I I SUBORDINATE CLAUSE

Adverb Clause A clause that modifies a verb Samuel gave me a call when he arrived at the airport. When, Where, How Much, Why

Adjective Clause A clause that modifies a noun. How many, which one, what kind It it ALWAYS introduced by a relative pronoun: who, whom, which, whose, or that The car that she is driving is brand new

Ray and I decided to see a movie after we had dinner. Ray and I decided to see a movie after we had dinner. ADVERB

Since I don’t like scary movies, we went to a comedy. Since I don’t like scary movies, we went to a comedy. ADVERB

My brother and I went to the library that featured my favorite author. My brother and I went to the library that featured my favorite author. ADJECTIVE

The library is on Main Street, which is a fifteen minute walk from our house. The library is on Main Street, which is a fifteen minute walk from our house. ADJECTIVE