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Network Infrastructure Security. LAN Security Local area networks facilitate the storage and retrieval of programs and data used by a group of people.

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Presentation on theme: "Network Infrastructure Security. LAN Security Local area networks facilitate the storage and retrieval of programs and data used by a group of people."— Presentation transcript:

1 Network Infrastructure Security

2 LAN Security Local area networks facilitate the storage and retrieval of programs and data used by a group of people. LAN software and practices also need to provide for the security of these programs and data. LAN risk and issues Dial-up access controls Network Infrastructure Security

3 Client-Server Security Control techniques in place  Securing access to data or application  Use of network monitoring devices  Data encryption techniques  Authentication systems  Use of application level access control programs Network Infrastructure Security

4 Client/Server Security Client/server risks and issues  Access controls may be weak in a client-server environment.  Change control and change management procedures.  The loss of network availability may have a serious impact on the business or service.  Obsolescence of the network components  The use of modems to connect the network to other networks Network Infrastructure Security

5 Client/Server Security Client/server risks and issues  The connection of the network to public switched telephone networks may be weak  Changes to systems or data  Access to confidential data and data modification may be unauthorized  Application code and data may not be located on a single machine enclosed in a secure computer room, as with mainframe computing Network Infrastructure Security

6 Wireless Security Threats and Risk Mitigation Threats categorization : Errors and omissions Fraud and theft committed by authorized or unauthorized users of the system Employee sabotage Loss of physical and infrastructure support Malicious hackers Industrial espionage Malicious code Foreign government espionage Threats to personal privacy Network Infrastructure Security

7 Wireless Security Threats and Risk Mitigation Security requirements Authenticity Nonrepudiation Accountability Network availability Network Infrastructure Security

8 Internet Threats and Security Passive attacks  Network analysis  Eavesdropping  Traffic analysis Active attacks  Brute-force attack  Masquerading  Packet replay  Phishing  Message modification  Unauthorized access through the Internet or web-based services  Denial of service  Dial-in penetration attacks  E-mail bombing and spamming  E-mail spoofing Network Infrastructure Security

9 Internet Threats and Security Threat impact  Loss of income  Increased cost of recovery  Increased cost of retrospectively securing systems  Loss of information  Loss of trade secrets  Damage to reputation  Legal and regulatory noncompliance  Failure to meet contractual commitments  Legal action by customers for loss of confidential data Network Infrastructure Security

10 Internet Threats and Security Causal factors for internet attacks  Availability of tools and techniques on the Internet  Lack of security awareness and training  Exploitation of security vulnerabilities  Inadequate security over firewalls Internet security controls Network Infrastructure Security

11 Firewall Security Systems Firewall general features Firewall types  Router packet filtering  Application firewall systems  Stateful inspection Network Infrastructure Security

12 Firewall Security Systems Firewall issues  A false sense of security  The circumvention of firewall  Misconfigured firewalls  What constitutes a firewall  Monitoring activities may not occur on a regular basis  Firewall policies Network Infrastructure Security

13 Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) An IDS works in conjunction with routers and firewalls by monitoring network usage anomalies. Network-based IDSs Host-based IDSs Network Infrastructure Security

14 Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) Components: Sensors that are responsible for collecting data Analyzers that receive inputo from sensors and determine intrusive activity An administration console A user interface Network Infrastructure Security

15 Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) Types include: Signature-based Statistical-based Neural networks Network Infrastructure Security

16 Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) Features: Intrusion detection Gathering evidence on intrusive activity Automated response Security monitoring Interface with system tolls Security policy management Network Infrastructure Security

17 Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) Limitations: Weaknesses in the policy definition Application-level vulnerabilities Backdoors into applications Weaknesses in identification and authentication schemes Network Infrastructure Security

18 Honeypots and Honeynets High interaction – Give hackers a real environment to attack Low interaction – Emulate production environments

19 Encryption Key elements of encryption systems Encryption algorithm Encryption key Key length Private key cryptographic systems Public key cryptographic systems Network Infrastructure Security

20 Encryption (Continued) Digital signatures  Data integrity  Authentication  Nonrepudiation  Replay protection Network Infrastructure Security

21 Digital Envelope Used to send encrypted information and the relevant key along with it. The message to be sent, can be encrypted by using either: Asymmetric key Symmetric key

22 Encryption (Continued) Public key infrastructure Digital certificates Certificate authority (CA) Registration authority (RA) Certificate revocation list (CRL) Certification practice statement (CPS) Network Infrastructure Security

23 Encryption risks and password protection Viruses Virus and worm controls Technical controls Anti-virus software implementation strategies

24 Network Infrastructure Security VOICE-OVER IP - Advantages  Unlike traditional telephony VoIP innovation progresses at market rates Lower costs per call, or even free calls, especially for long-distance calls Lower infrastructure costs. Once IP infrastructure is installed, no or little additional telephony infrastructure is needed.

25 Network Infrastructure Security VOICE-OVER IP - VoIP Security Issues Inherent poor security  The current Internet architecture does not provide the same physical wire security as the phone lines.

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