Presentation on theme: "United Nations Statistics Division"— Presentation transcript:
1 United Nations Statistics Division Introduction to the International Family of Economic and Social Classifications and Classifications WorkUnited Nations Statistics Division
2 Main topicsInternational Family of Economic and Social Classifications ( Family )International Work in ClassificationsUN Classifications Systems and Mechanisms
3 The Family Is comprised of international classifications: registered in UN inventory of Classificationsreviewed and approved as guidelines by UN Statistical Commission or other competent intergovernmental boardIncludes also registered regional or national classifications derived from or related to international classifications
4 The Family Subject matter areas of classifications Activities Products LabourHealthEducationDemographicsEnvironment...
5 Types of classifications in the family Within each subject matter area exist:Reference classification(s)Derived classificationsRelated classifications
6 Reference classifications Product of international agreementsApproved by UNSC or other competent bodytherefore have official and broad acceptanceServe as guidelines for preparation, development or revision of other classificationswith respect to structure, building blockscharacter and definition of categoriesExample: ISIC – activities, CPC - products
7 Derived classifications Based upon reference classificationAdopt structure of ref classificationconsistency of aggregatesRespect building blocksadditional detail where necessaryTailored for use at national or multi-national level
8 Related classifications Differ in structure and/or building blocks from reference classificationsLinked mainly through correspondence tablesmany links will refer to partial correspondences
12 Requirements for reference classifications used for data collection and presentation at international levelguidelines for national and multinational classifications
13 Requirements for reference classifications Have to be general enough tobe applicable for all countriesprovide room for national adaptation and specificationsHave to be specific enough toallow for useful data collectionprovide reasonable guidelines for creation of national classifications
14 Requirements for reference classifications orchestrated updates within the familyschedule of updatesExample: activity and product classification recommended to be reviewed in 10/5 year intervals (2002, 2007, etc.)
15 Family obligations, role of custodians Among the family obligations, the most important are:Recognize being part of a dynamic system, of a network of systematic information exchangeOfficially recognize their dependence on each othermake explicit the structural and conceptual relationships between reference, derived and related classifications of each subject matter areachanges/needs of the reference classifications to be echoed on derived/related ones and vice versaCoordinate and announce the timings and updates of revisions
16 Family obligations, role of custodians Publicise the classifications time-tables for major workCollaborate in the preparation of correspondence tables between reference, derived and related classificationsWork together to prepare guidelines for classifications’ implementation, other guidance and training materials
17 International work on classifications Purposes:Ensure harmonization and standardizationSolicit and receive input and feedback for the classifications updating and revision processesEnsure that the needs of international community are met
18 Work on Classifications UN Statistical CommissionExpert Group on International Economic and Social ClassificationsMembercountriesUNSDILOUNESCOWHO
19 UN Statistical Commission Established in 1946 by ECOSOC24 members, according to geographical distribution pattern:5 members from Africa4 members from Asia4 members from Eastern Europe4 members from Latin America & Caribbean7 members from Western European and other States4 years membership1 meeting per year (since 1999)
20 UN Statistical Commission Reports back to ECOSOC on each sessionIssues considered:international statistical development, methodological issuescoordination and integration of statistical programmessupport of technical cooperation activitiesorganizational matters
21 UN Expert Group on International, Economic and Social Classifications The central coordinating body for Work Programme on Classificationsa regular and open foruman authority in classifications workUNSD convenes the Expert Groupensures proper regional representationensures representation of international organizationsUN EG on Classifications has a long tradition (at least from 1975).At its 30th session on 1-5 March 1999 UN Statcom recommended that, EG be the central coordination body for implementing the work programme on the family of international, economic and social classifications, proposed at that same meetingExpert Group is a body that provides a regular and open forum for coordination and feedback for the family of international, economic and social classifications and that has the authority of setting strategic plans on classifications work into action.UNSD continues to be convener of EG. UNSD invites representatives from International Organizations, custodians, users and major experts, ensuring a proper regional representation.
22 UN Expert Group on Classifications Ensures harmonization and convergence among classifications in the familyRecommends, examines changes/updatesAdopts schedules for updatesCan install subgroupsDecisions and recommendations of EG are reported back to UNSC
23 Technical Subgroup on Classifications Established in November 1999 by EGMeets twice a yearReports to EG on progressEG acts as steering committeeTSG has been established by EG in November This TSG was asked to take action on the implementation of the proposed programme on ISIC, CPC as a first priority, set out in that meeting.TSG is composed of a small group of experts in classifications development work, whose organizations are prepared to put at their disposition the necessary resources for this work.Since year 2000, it has been meeting twice a year. It reports to EG on its progress through UNSD. EG acts as its steering committee.
24 Technical Subgroup on Classifications Priority: work programme on ISIC, CPCworked on ISIC, CPC, 2002 updatesworks currently on ISIC, CPC 2007 revisionsConcept discussionsPapers on special issuesDrafting of proposals for classification structuresMaintain contact with other groups and national officesRulings on interpretation issuesReview additional inputsThis TSG was asked to take action on the implementation of the proposed programme on ISIC and CPC as a first priority.If you need to write more on this, see the Summary Action Plan of the TSG in ESA/STAT/AC.75/4, at November 1999 EG papers.
25 Work on Classifications UNSCTime Use ClassificationEGUNSDTrade ClassificationsEconomic Classifications(Activities, products,expenditures)This is a diagram of the work on classifications from the perspective of who is doing what and how the flow of work goes. Somewhere in the line between the exchange of work between UNSD and TSG is the process of regional consultation and as part of it workshops and training.Technical Subgroup
26 Workshops and training PurposesTrainingon ISIC, CPC, other reference classifications, their implementation and useSharing of informationon reference classifications, national classificationsGetting input and feedback to the revision processesex: ISIC, CPCThe United Nations Statistics Division offers training in Statistical Classifications through the conduct of international workshops.United Nations Classification Workshops provide training on the basic principles of classification methods, on their conceptual and practical aspects. They cover specifically classifications of economic activity (ISIC) and products (CPC), and other reference classifications of the international family including those of education, occupation, employment, time use and health.
27 UN Classifications systems and mechanisms Classifications HotlineClassifications RegistryClassifications WebsiteClassifications NewsletterMonitoring MechanismsWith regard to monitoring mechanisms, the only one I know is the country questionnaire.For the monitoring mechanisms, I haven’t done anything yet.
28 Classifications Hotline Established in response to a request by UNSCServes as a central reference service for international, economic and social classificationsPromotes common approaches, principles, conventionsCH has been established in response to a request by UNSC and is maintained by the UNSD. It serves as… and it promotes common approaches, principles and conventions in the development and use of classifications.
29 Classifications Hotline Provides information and technical assistance to usersdisseminates publications and databasesdisseminates correspondence tables and indexesassists in interpretation and codingPergjigju kesaj pyetje: A jane ISIC, CPC dhe Classifications of Expenditure according to Purpose, te vetmit klasifikime per te cilat UNSD eshte kujdestar?CH is a communication channel in which are received classification inquiries, problems, questions…CH provides classifications information and technical assistance in reply to queries from the public, to users of ISIC, CPC and Classifications of Expenditure according to Purpose. These could be either queries for specific publications, databases, correspondence tables and indexes, or specific queries on specific topics which involve interpretation and coding.
30 Classifications Hotline Refers other queries to the appropriate source or organizationA means of receiving feedback on classifications issues and related topicsContact Information:fax: /1374CH is also useful for receiving feedback on classification issues, such as for example questions and problems of countries or international organizations, on receiving users’ comments on the services provided by Classifications Section of UNSD, comments on the Website and so on.
31 Classifications Registry A system to store and organize informationClassificationsExplanatory notesIndexesCorrespondence tablesThe CR maintained by Class. Section of UNSD is a complex database which serves firstly as a system to store and organize information;CR keeps updated information on Statistical Classifications maintained by UNSD.Complete updated structure and explanatory notes for classifications (in several languages where available) as well as alphabetical indexes and correspondence tables for some classifications are available.
32 Classifications Registry A system to store and organize informationquestions and problems reported by countries and organizationsdecisions and discussions that led to these decisionsNow the word information is quite broad here; this information could be questions and problems…, discussions and decisions…, and by doing that the Classifications Section of UNSD has a very useful tool to provide input into the updating and revision processes ( this input having been received from worldwide sources ), to use this input for the work on the maintenance, update or revision of classifications and to record these processes.
33 Classifications Registry Thereby,providing input into the updating and revision processesusing this input on classifications workrecording these processes
34 Classifications Registry/Website A system to provide and distribute informationInformation provided and distributed through the classifications websiteOf course the information stored in the Registry ( and by information we understand here problems, decisions, classifications, explanatory notes, indexes, etc ) as we described in the previous pages, is distributed and disseminated through the classifications website, which brings us to the next topic, strongly connected to the previous one, the Classifications website.
35 Classifications Website Main linkStructure and contentssitemap linkWe are going to look at the structure and contents of the classifications website.A nice way of looking at it is by looking at its sitemap following this link.The sitemap itself was developed at some point during the ongoing redesigning and updating process of the classifications website. I am using it here just to have it easier to present the contents of the website.
37 We can see here the topics to which users can have access and can obtain an abundant information. I have listed in the following pages some of them, not to mention them all.
38 Website, contents UNSD Programme on Statistical Classifications Classifications HotlineRegistry of International Classificationsclassificationsalternate structuresindexescorrespondencesNational ClassificationsFree Downloads
39 Website, contents International Cooperation in Classifications Statistical CommissionExpert Group MeetingsTechnical Subgroup MeetingsWorkshops and trainingHistory of Economic Statistical ClassificationsInformation, Sales and PublicationsWhat’s newAt “What’s new” mention if necessary the second questionnaire on conceptual and structural issues for the revision of ISIC and CPC and the input that will be required on it.
40 Classifications Website Ongoing updatesMore informationclassifications, indexes, correspondence tables, downloadable products, national classifications, history of classificationsLanguage supportSearch featuresThe CW is frequently redesigned to improve its user friendliness and to provide easy access to information. Apart from that, more information is added on an ongoing basis.Additions to the ClassReg over the past year include an extended set of correspondence tables and a list of downloadable products. The extended correspondence tables allow users to quickly link classification codes to categories in other classifications without separately opening up a correspondence table and copying the correspondences required.The list of free downloadable products has become a heavily used source of information, with more then 26,000 downloads in the first year. New files will be made available to this site, from time to time.A sales link will be added to CW very soon. A complete list of products with ordering instructions will be available at this section of website.Another update of the website can be seen in the section of national classifications. This section provides information on nationally implemented activity and product classifications, collected through UNSD questionnaires or workshops or from information provided by other agencies.The information allows users to see which classifications are currently in use around the world, how the international classifications have been adapted to national specifics, which agencies within the countries use these classifications and for what purposes.The web pages relating to the historical development of ISIC, CPC and SITC have been revised. There are included also historical and conceptual papers related to these classifications.Language support in the Registry has been extended. Apart from classifications being available in three different languages, menus and other navigational items, descriptions and general information are now also available in different languages.
41 Classifications Website A tool for the processes of international cooperationEnhances transparency in classifications workSuggestions?contact:
42 Classifications Newsletter Summarizes recent developments and eventsDraws attention on information availabilityAnnouncesnewly issued publications, technical materialsrevision plansclassifications meetingsimportant events
43 Monitoring mechanisms Questionnaire for activity and product classificationsWorkshops on SNA implementationThe Statistical Classifications Section of UNSD is currently updating its register of national classification practices. This register includes information on classifications currently used by individual countries. Currently, apart from activity and product classifications, this register has been extended to include also Classifications of Expenditure According to Purpose.This register is being established to get a worldwide view on the use of economic classifications and to determine the types of relationships between the international standard classifications and the nationally adopted classifications.The workshops on SNA implementation, also provide a means to monitor the use and implementation of reference classifications and how they are being used in country practices.