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 Vegetarian vs. Meat-Eating Diets Kelsey Slough and Krysti Maronski.

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Presentation on theme: " Vegetarian vs. Meat-Eating Diets Kelsey Slough and Krysti Maronski."— Presentation transcript:

1  Vegetarian vs. Meat-Eating Diets Kelsey Slough and Krysti Maronski

2 Vegetarian Diet  Why do people choose a vegetarian lifestyle?  Health and nutrition benefits  Moral objections  It’s “trendy” or “cool”  Cover up

3 3 Different types of vegetarianism  Fruitarian- raw or dried fruits, seeds, and nuts in the diet.  Lacto-ovo vegetarian- includes dairy, eggs, vegetables, grains, legumes, fruits, and nuts. Excludes flesh and seafood.  Lacto-vegetarian- includes dairy, vegetables, grains, legumes, fruits, and nuts. Excludes flesh, seafood, and eggs.  Macrobiotic Diet- a vegan diet composed mostly of whole grains, beans, and certain vegetables. Often taken to extremes, this diet can compromise nutrient intake.  Ovo-vegetarian- includes eggs, vegetables, grains, legumes, fruits and nuts. Excludes flesh, seafood, and milk.  Partial vegetarian- a term used to mean an eating style that includes seafood, poultry, eggs, dairy, vegetables, grains, legumes, fruits, and nuts. Excludes red meat.  Vegan- includes only food from plant sources.  Vegetarian- includes plant-based foods and eliminates some animal derived foods.

4 4 Nutrients: Omega-3 Fatty Acids  Vegetarian diets provide enough flaxseed, walnuts, and oils to supply essential fatty acids.  Many vegetarians continue to eat fish which provides the essential fatty acids.  Unless a meat eaters diet includes these essential foods containing Omega-3 Fatty Acids they will be severely lacking.  Children and pregnant or lactating women have a critical need for fatty acids.  Benefits of Omega-3s: cancer prevention, slow down blood clotting, and artery hardening, reduce blood pressure, and aid in growth and development in infants.

5 5 Omega-3 Fatty Acids

6 6 Nutrients  Proper vegetarian diets include the necessary amount of protein, iron, zinc, calcium, vitamin B12, Vitamin D, and Omega-3 Fatty Acids.

7 7 Health Benefits  Becoming a vegetarian can aid or help prevent the following:  Cancer  Obesity  Heart disease  High blood pressure  Cataracts  Diabetes  Diverticular disease  Gallstones  Osteoporosis

8 8 Survey – Kelsey  Six people ages 21-73  All are meat eaters.  Taste and familiarity were the most popular reasons to eat meat.  All but one believed meat was crucial to the diet.  Only one person believed people who don’t eat meat tend to be healthier.  Two people believed meat eaters do not have more heart issues.

9 Meat-Eaters Diet  Why do people eat meat?  Convenience  Nutrients  Taste  Familiarity  Weight-control efforts

10 What is included?  Lean meat  Poultry  Seafood  Eggs  Milk

11 Nutrients – Vitamin B12  Requirement small but critical.  Found naturally only in animal-derived foods.  Very important in pregnant women, infants, children, adolescents, and elderly.  Infants may have deficiency-related disorders if lacking.  Adults with low B12 may experience fatigue, indigestion, numbness of hands, and frequent infections.  Some adolescents lacking B12 could have nerve damage

12 B12

13 Nutrients  Meat also contains and abundance of iron, zinc, and Vitamin D.  More well absorbed then when obtained through plant foods.

14 Survey - Krysti  5 people ages 20-21  All meat eaters  Taste was the number 1 reason for choosing to eat meat  All believe meat is crucial to the diet  Only 2/5 believed people who do not eat meat tend to be healthier  Only one person thought people who eat meat tend to have more heart issues

15 Moderation  Meat can be good for the diet.  Moderation is key.  American Cancer Society suggests no more than 18 ounces per week.  Choose lean cuts.  Correct plate proportions.

16 16 

17 Conclusion  In conclusion, we find both vegetarian and meat containing diets are healthy if nutritious foods are consumed.  However, we find the best diet is a good balance between both.  Nutrients are easier absorbed and obtained with a meat containing diet. While some diseases and health issues are slowed or prevented with a vegetarian diet. To find a happy medium with each diet, maybe eating meat twice a week rather than each night would create the perfect diet.

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