Presentation on theme: "Wenxin Zhang Department of Civic Design University of Liverpool"— Presentation transcript:
1 Wenxin Zhang Department of Civic Design University of Liverpool Using Integrated Industrial Waste Management System to Develop and Promote Urban Sustainable DevelopmentWenxin ZhangDepartment of Civic DesignUniversity of Liverpool
2 Research BackgroundSustainable Development“development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs ” (WCED, 1987)An overarching set of objectives that can be used to help to guide the design and implementation of a wide range of strategies and programs
3 Spatial Dimensions of Sustainable Development WorldContinentcountryRegionCityCommunity
4 Sustainable Development UrbanSustainable DevelopmentCity
5 Research AimAimTo identify and assess the factors which determine the success or failure of theadopted by industrial activities which contribute toenvironmental management approachesurban sustainable development
6 Research Objectives1. To identify and assess the influence exerted by the introduction of environmental management techniques of industrial activities upon urban sustainable development2.To develop and apply theoretical and practical explanations for the variable progress of the contribution made by industrial activities to urban sustainable development3.To develop and enable the introduction of appropriate methods and techniques which can assist in improving the contribution of industrial activities to urban sustainable development.
7 Use the case of industrial waste management Economic BenefitsReduce waste treatment costenergy savingOpportunitiesto UrbanSustainable DevelopmentEnvironmental benefitsReduce ecological effectsBetter environmentIndustrial Waste ManagementSocial BenefitsImprove the relationship and promote partnerships
8 New waste management approaches across the world DataRegulationMarket-basedInstruments“3R” ApproachEco-industryWaste Management Hierarchy
10 Different approaches to waste management systems in China
11 Waste Management Laws and Regulations in China National Environmental Protection ActResponse and compliance to International AgreementsNational Solid Waste Pollution Prevention ActMedical Waste Management RegulationNuclear Medical Waste Management RegulationHazardous Waste Management Licenses RegulationDepartmental rules, technology standardIndustrial Waste Management Policy System
12 City Waste Management Center State GovernmentProvincial GovernmentState Environmental Protection Administration of China(SEPA)Construction DepartmentProvincial Environmental Protection BureauProvincial Construction DepartmentDepartment of Pollution ControlCity Construction DepartmentDivision of Urban environmentDivision of Waste ManagementCity Environmental Protection BureauCity sanitation DepartmentIn charge of waste pollution prevention and monitor across the whole country.Policy and regulation making.National waste management Planning.Establish the inspection network of waste management4.Take part in the approval process of important construction projectIn charge of the public environment management in national scale.Policy and regulation making.Set up technical criteria.Public awareness improvementMonitor of urban public environment.Monitor and manage industrial waste resources, Waste Disposal Planning.Hazardous Waste Management3.Selection of landfill site, environmental evaluation and examination4.Inspection of waste disposal facilities5.Take part in the approval process of important construction projectWaste collection, transportation, and storageCity Waste Management Center
13 Is it possible to evaluate the chief commonalities and differences in the way industrial waste management options have been adopted in different cities?Method: Case StudyPilot case in the UK : PrestonPositive case, Negative case and Average case in China
15 Main Case Study Methods Quantitative data collectionSite surveyQuestionnairesInterviewsEconomic dataIndustry dataUrban environmentalmanagement dataCompanies waste productionand management dataWaste RecyclingProcessEco-industry casesWaste industryWaste landfill andincineration facilitiesTo representativesamples of localauthorities,environment agencies,industry and wasteindustry etcFixed-choiceSemi-structuredInformalComment collectionfrom key relatedorganisationsMain Case Study Methods
18 Main Comparative Points Management Organisation StructureManagement tools to encourage industrial waste reductionDevelopment of ecological industrial parkImplementation of urban waste management planFinancial support from city governmentAmount of people (especially management staff) who knows waste management very well
19 Some Initial Ideas Education of waste management employees Coherence of planning and waste management strategyEncourage of better practice (e.g. performing waste analyses and inspections)providing employee training, addressing public concerns,maintaining important records and statistical data………..