3 THIS DAY IN AVIATION August 23 1878 — The British government uses its first military aviation budget (£150) to build and fly their first balloon, the “Pioneer.”
4 THIS DAY IN AVIATION August 23 1913 — Léon Letort carries out the first non- stop flight between Paris and Berlin when he flies his Morane-Saulnier monoplane fitted with an 80-hp Le Rhône engine the 560 miles between the two capitals in 8 hours.
5 THIS DAY IN AVIATION August 23 to 31 October 1929 — The Russian aircraft “Land of the Soviets,” is flown on a goodwill tour from Moscow across the North Pacific, entering the United States at Seattle, then on to New York, having covered 13,300 miles in 142 flying hours.
6 THIS DAY IN AVIATION August 23 1937 — First wholly automatic landing in history accomplished occurred in the US.
7 THIS DAY IN AVIATION August 23 1942 — United States Marine Raiders attack Makin Atoll in the Gilbert Islands.
9 Chapter 1 – Introduction to Flying FAA – Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge
10 Today’s Mission Requirements Describe in writing the FAA aircraft categories and classes .Describe in writing the eligibility for pilot certificates.EQ:Describe the importance of Aeronautical Knowledge for the student pilot learning to fly.
12 Becoming a PilotThe ground and flight training necessary to acquire the knowledge and skills required to safely and efficiently function as a certificated pilot in the selected category and class of aircraft.
13 Aircraft Types and Categories Categories of aircraft for which a pilot may be rated are:Airplane•Rotorcraft•Glider•Lighter than air•Powered lift•Powered parachute•Weight-shift-control
14 Aircraft Types and Categories Most aircraft categories are further broken down into classes.A pilot must hold a class rating to operate an aircraft in that class:•The Airplane category is divided into single-engine land, multi-engine land, single-engine sea and multi-engine sea classes
15 Aircraft Types and Categories •The Rotorcraft category is divided into helicopter and gyroplane classes
16 Aircraft Types and Categories •The Lighter-than-air category is divided into airship and balloon classes
17 Aircraft Types and Categories •The Powered parachute category is divided into powered parachute land and powered parachute sea
18 Aircraft Types and Categories •The Weight-shift-control category is divided into weight-shift-control land and weight-shift-control sea
19 Aircraft Types and Categories Ultralight Vehicles An ultralight aircraft is referred to as a vehicle because the FAA does not govern it if it:• Is used or intended to be used by a single occupant.• Is used for recreation or sport purposes.• Does not have an airworthiness certificate.
20 Aircraft Types and Categories Ultralight Vehicles An ultralight aircraft• If unpowered, weighs less than 155 pounds.• Has a fuel capacity not exceeding 5 gallons.• Is not capable of more than 55 knots calibrated airspeed at full power in level flight.
21 Aircraft Types and Categories Ultralight Vehicles Ultralight vehicles do not require any form of pilot license or certification if they are flown within 14 CFR 103 operating rules which generally limit the ultralight vehicle to uncontrolled airpsace and no flight over populated areas.Every person flying an ultralight should be familiar to the rules specified in 14 CFR 103.
22 Aircraft Types and Categories Light Sport Aircraft (LSA) Category The Sport Pilot Certificate was created for pilots flying light-weight, simple aircraft and offers limited privileges.
23 Aircraft Types and Categories Light Sport Aircraft (LSA) Category The category of aircraft called the Light Sport Aircraft (LSA) includes:Airplane (Land/Sea)GyroplaneAirshipBalloonWeight-Shift Control (Land/Sea)GliderPowered Parachute.
24 Aircraft Types and Categories Light Sport Aircraft (LSA) Category Light Sport Category, it must meet the following criteria:• The maximum gross takeoff weight may not exceed 1,320 pounds, or 1,430 pounds for seaplanes.Lighter-than-air maximum gross weight may not be more than 660 pounds.
25 Aircraft Types and Categories Light Sport Aircraft (LSA) Category • The maximum stall speed may not exceed 45 knots, and the inflight maximum speed in level flight with maximum continuous power is no greater than 120 knots.• Seating is restricted to single or two-seat configuration only.• The powerplant may be only a single, reciprocating engine (if powered), but may include rotary or diesel engines.
26 Aircraft Types and Categories Light Sport Aircraft (LSA) Category • The landing gear must be fixed, except gliders or those aircraft intended for operation on water.The aircraft may be used for sport, recreation, flight training, and aircraft rental.
27 Becoming a PilotEligibility, aeronautical knowledge, proficiency, and aeronautical requirements can be found in 14 CFR part 61, Certification: Pilots, Flight Instructors, and Ground Instructors.• Recreational Pilot, see subpart D• Private Pilot, see subpart E• Sport Pilot, see subpart J
29 Today’s Mission Requirements Describe in writing the FAA aircraft categories and classes .Describe in writing the eligibility for pilot certificates.EQ:Describe the importance of Aeronautical Knowledge for the student pilot learning to fly.