Presentation on theme: "Circuit Testers and Digital Meters"— Presentation transcript:
1 Circuit Testers and Digital Meters 22Circuit Testers and Digital MetersIntroduction to Automotive ServiceJames Halderman Darrell Deeter
2 Fused Jumper WirePurpose and FunctionFuseAlligator clip endsGood-quality insulated wireUses of a Fused Jumper WireSupply power or ground
3 FIGURE A technician-made fused jumper lead, which is equipped with a red 10 ampere fuse. This fused jumper wire uses terminals for testing circuits at a connector instead of alligator clips.
4 Fused Jumper WireCaution: Never use a fused jumper wire to bypass any resistance or load in the circuit.The increased current flow could damage the wiring and could blow the fuse on the jumper lead.Be very cautious when working on or around any computer circuit.
5 Test LightNon-powered Test LightA test light is used to detect battery voltage potential at various test pointsUses of a 12-Volt Test LightElectrical powerGrounds
6 FIGURE 22.2 A 12-volt test light is attached to a good ground while probing for power.
7 FIGURE 22. 3 A test light can be used to locate an open in a circuit FIGURE A test light can be used to locate an open in a circuit. Note that the test light is grounded at a different location than the circuit itself.
8 Digital MetersTerminologyMeasuring VoltageDC volts (DCV)AC volts (ACV)RangeMeasuring Resistance
9 FIGURE 22. 4 Typical digital multimeter FIGURE Typical digital multimeter. The black meter lead is always placed in the COM terminal. The red meter test lead should be in the volt–ohm terminal except when measuring current in amperes.
10 CHART 22.1 Common symbols and abbreviations used on digital meters.
11 FIGURE 22.5 Typical digital multimeter (DMM) set to read DC volts.
12 FIGURE A typical auto-ranging digital multimeter automatically selects the proper scale to read the voltage being tested. The scale selected is usually displayed on the meter face. (a) Note that the display indicates “4,” meaning that this range can read up to 4 volts. (b) The range is now set to the 40 volt scale, meaning that the meter can read up to 40 volts on the scale. Any reading above this level will cause the meter to reset to a higher scale. If not set on auto-ranging, the meter display would indicate OL if a reading exceeds the limit of the scale selected.
13 FIGURE Using a digital multimeter set to read ohms (Ω) to test this light bulb. The meter reads the resistance of the filament.
14 FIGURE Many digital multimeters can have the display indicate zero to compensate for test lead resistance. (1) Connect leads in the V Ω and COM meter terminals. (2) Select the Ω scale. (3) Touch the two meter leads together. (4) Push the “zero” or “relative” button on the meter. (5) The meter display will now indicate zero ohms of resistance.
15 Digital MetersCaution: T he circuit must be electrically open with no voltage present when using an ohmmeter.If current is flowing when an ohmmeter is connected, the reading will be incorrect; meter can be destroyedMeasuring AmperesTech TipFuse Your Meter Leads!
16 FIGURE Measuring the current flow required by a horn requires that the ammeter be connected to the circuit in series and the horn button be depressed by an assistant.
17 FIGURE Note the blade-type fuse holder soldered in series with one of the meter leads. A 10 ampere fuse helps protect the internal meter fuse (if equipped) and the meter itself from damage that may result from excessive current flow if accidentally used incorrectly.
18 Digital MetersCaution: A n ammeter must be installed in series with the circuit to measure the current flow in the circuit.If a meter set to read amperes is connected in parallel, such as across a battery:The meter or leads may be destroyed, or fuse will blow, by the current available across the battery.
19 Inductive AmmetersOperationAC/DC Clamp-On Digital MultimetersTech TipOver-Limit Display Does Not Mean the Meter Is Reading “Nothing”Think of Money
20 FIGURE An inductive ammeter clamp is used with all starting and charging testers to measure the current flow through the battery cables.
21 FIGURE 22. 12 A typical mini clamp-on-type digital multimeter FIGURE A typical mini clamp-on-type digital multimeter. This meter is capable of measuring alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC) without requiring that the circuit be disconnected to install the meter in series. The jaws are simply placed over the wire and current flow through the circuit is displayed.
22 FIGURE Typical digital multimeter showing OL (over limit) on the readout with the ohms (Ω) unit selected. This usually means that the unit being measured is open (infinity resistance) and has no continuity.
23 How To Read Digital Meters Steps to FollowSelect the proper unit of electricity for what is being measuredPlace the meter leads into the proper input terminalsMeasure the component being testedAuto-rangeInterpret the reading
24 CHART Sample meter readings using manually set and auto-ranging selection on the digital meter control.
25 How To Read Digital Meters Purchase a Digital Meter That Will Work for Automotive UseCaution: If the meter leads are inserted into ammeter terminals, even though the selector is set to volts:The meter may be damaged or an internal fuse may blow if the test leads touch both terminals of a battery
26 How To Read Digital Meters Note: Pay attention to the units displayed on the meter face and convert to whole units.Note: When converting from kilohms to ohms, make the decimal point a comma