Presentation on theme: "Forces Unit 1 Lesson 3. FORCES Force = push or pull Force has size and direction Force is labeled in Newtons (N). Forces must act on an object Forces."— Presentation transcript:
FORCES Force = push or pull Force has size and direction Force is labeled in Newtons (N). Forces must act on an object Forces DO NOT always cause movement
FORCES When objects “bump” into each other and have contact = contact force Ex. Friction- rub your hands together quickly- contact force of friction Force can act at a distance –Ex. Gravity
Multiple FORCES Net force- more than one force working together Add them together when they are working in the same direction Subtract them if they are different directions
Multiple FORCES When net force is zero (0) then the forces are BALANCED Balanced forced will not cause movement or change motion When the net force is not zero, then the forces are UNBALANCED Unbalanced forces change motion (speed, directions or both) and cause acceleration
Sir Isaac Newton Sir Isaac Newton (1643-1727) an English scientist and mathematician famous for his discovery of the law of gravity also discovered the three laws of motion.
First Law of Motion An object at rest stays at rest; an object in motion stays in motion at the same speed and direction unless it experiences an unbalanced force. *This law is called the Law of Inertia.
First Law of Motion Examples When you hit a golf ball an unbalanced force is put on the ball causing the ball to move. Two teams are playing tug of war. They are both exerting equal force on the rope in opposite directions. This balanced force results in no change of motion.
If objects in motion tend to stay in motion, why don’t moving objects keep moving forever? Things don’t keep moving forever because there’s almost always an unbalanced force acting upon it. A book sliding across a table slows down and stops because of the force of friction. If you throw a ball upwards it will eventually slow down and fall because of the force of gravity.
In outer space, away from gravity and any sources of friction, a rocket ship launched with a certain speed and direction would keep going in that same direction and at that same speed forever.
Second Law of Motion The acceleration of an object depends on the mass of the object and the amount of force applied. (Force = mass x acceleration) Pushing an empty shopping cart is much easier than pushing a full cart. A larger force is required to accelerate a full cart compared to an empty one. Larger Force Smaller Force
Third Law of Motion Whenever on object exerts a force on a second object, the second object exerts an equal and opposite force on the first. When you drop a ball and it hits the floor, the ball pushes on the ground. The floor also exerts a reaction force on the ball causing it to bounce in the opposite direction.
Third Law of Motion Examples Why does it hurt so much when you stub your toe? When your toe exerts a force on a rock, the rock exerts an equal force back on your toe. The harder you hit your toe against it, the more force the rock exerts back on your toe (and the more your toe hurts).
More examples… Its your turn, using your book, your brain, and the internet, find real world examples of Newton’s 3 Laws. Make a list in your notebook. You need to have 10 examples of each law. *They all need to be DIFFERENT. For example, for law one if you have an example of hitting a golf ball then you should not have another example that is the same such as kicking a soccer ball. *You cannot use the examples from the power point, but you can use examples from the book.