1. Basic Sentence A simple basic sentence is an independent clause. An IC consists of a subject and a predicate (a predicate modifies the subjects) IC. EXAMPLE: I like Chinese food.
2. Coordinating Conjunction A coordinating conjunction is an independent clause followed by a comma and coordinating conjunction followed by another independent clause. There are 7 coordinating conjunctions. You can remember them by remembering: **FANBOYS = for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so IC, [coordinating conjunction] IC. EXAMPLE: I like Chinese food, but I don’t like all the grease.
3. The Semicolon ; One way to join independent clauses is to use a semicolon to separate the clauses. These ideas are so closely related that you do not need any words to show the relationship between the ideas. IC; IC. EXAMPLE: I like Chinese food; it is delicious.
4. Conjunctive Adverb IC; [Conjunctive Adverb], IC. There are 37 words and phrases that can be used: a.Addition/continuation: also, again, besides, further, moreover, likewise, furthermore, in addition b.Time: then, finally, subsequently, meanwhile, in the meantime c.Contrast: still, nevertheless, however, otherwise, nonetheless, on the contrary, on the other hand, in contrast d.Result: therefore, thus, consequently, as a result e.Example: for example, for instance f.Apposition: namely, that is, in other words g.Concession: at any rate, after all, of course h.Summary: in conclusion i.Reinforcement: in particular, above all, in fact EXAMPLE: I like Chinese food; nevertheless, I am bothered by all of the grease.
5. Subordinating Conjunctions- Conditional Words IC, [Conditional Word] DC. [Conditional Word] DC, IC. As you look at the dependent clauses (DC), you will notice that each begins with a word that sets up a condition that will be resolved by the independent clause. Conditional words are called conditional words because they create a condition that makes the clause incomplete. a.Time: before, after, since, until, when, whenever, as, just as, while b.Explanation: because, since c.Condition: if, unless d.Opposition: although, even though, though, EXAMPLES: I like Chinese food, since I live in China. Even though I am American, I like Chinese food.