2 ReviewOpinion essay is an essay which presents the author’s point of view on a particular subject supported by reasons and examples. The purpose is to convince the reader on a controversial issue.IntroductionHook story, anecdote, question, surprising factBackground informationThesis statementBody paragraphSupporting sentences facts, reasons, explanationsCounter-argument refutationConclusionRestate & reinforce
3 Writing Model (p.89) The Best Medicine. Introduction paragraph: Hook?Background information?Thesis statement?Body paragraph:Topic sentence?Reasons?Counter-argument? Refutation?Conclusion paragraph:Warning? Prediction?
5 Facts & OpinionsWriters state their opinion and then back it up with facts.Antibiotics cure infections.Antibiotics are the most important invention of the twentieth century.The difference btw Fact & Opinion:Fact: a truth that is scientifically proven or generally accepted.Opinion: one point of view among many.
6 ExerciseFact: a statement without extra modifying words. Opinion: a sentence with modifying words to show a writer’s viewpoint. controlling idea.(p.91) Distinguish facts and opinions.Point out modifying words.
7 Interpreting Facts to Support an Opinion Opinion Fact Interpretation(p.91)Opinion: The Internet takes too much time away from family life.Fact: the average adult in the U.S. spends six hours per week on the Internet.Interpretation: Those six hours could be spend doing family activities, such as gardening, helping children with homework, or playing game.
8 Exercise(p.92)Write a sentence to interpret the fact to support the opinion.
9 Organization Pattern 1: Thesis statement: PRO idea 1 PRO idea 2 PRO idea 1PRO idea 2CON(s) + Refutation(s)ConclusionPattern 2:Thesis statement:CON(s) + Refutation(s)PRO idea 1PRO idea 2ConclusionPattern 3:Thesis statement:CON idea > RefutationCON idea > RefutationCON idea > RefutationConclusion
10 ExerciseSample essay reading.Which pattern does this essay use?
11 Language focus Using quantity expressions in opinion essay. Using connectors to show support and opposition.
12 Using Quantity Expressions Cats hate water. Most cats hate water.“most” Quantity expressionThe quantity expression quantifies, or limits the generalization, so that the statement is true.Avoid overgeneralization Using quantity expression.
13 Quantity Expressions Plural count nouns Uncount nouns Both Many SeveralA fewMuchA lot ofA littleMostSome
15 Using ConnectorsWe use connectors to clarify the relationship between ideas.Connectors can be used to signal that the second idea will support/contrast the first in some way.Connectors that show support:To give an example that illustrate the idea.To add facts or explanations that clarify the idea.Connectors that show opposition:
17 Last words…The primary objective is to persuade people to change beliefs that many of them do not want to change.In this kind of essay, we not only give information but also present an argument with the PROS (supporting ideas) and CONS (opposing ideas) of an argumentative issue. We should clearly take our stand and write as if we are trying to persuade an opposing audience to adopt new beliefs or behavior.