Presentation on theme: "Chapter 19: Prepositions, Conjunctions, and Interjections"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 19: Prepositions, Conjunctions, and Interjections
2 Chapter 19, Section 1 Attention Grabber... Define Preposition: You’re mentioning PREPOSITIONS.Define Preposition:They relate words within a sentence.Shows relationships between separate things, including location, direction, cause, & possession.They can be single words or compound instead. (page 402)
3 Replace the preposition with another preposition Does the basketball season generally come before the football season?afterThe standard length of a basketball court is 94 feet, and the width is 50 feet.forA basket attached to a backboard hangs over each end of the court.at
4 Prepositional Phrases Main Idea:A group of words that includes a preposition & a noun or pronoun.The noun or pronoun following the preposition is called the object of a preposition.
5 Identify the Prepositional Phrases College basketball tournaments came into their own in (2)into their own; in 1939Since that time, players have been setting records. (1)Since that timePlayers are often named all-American for outstanding performances. (1)for outstanding performances
6 Preposition or Adverb? Quick tip: Examples: Prepositions have objects; adverbs do not.Examples:The ball flew through the net.Preposition; object is netWe were waved right through.Adverb
7 Identify the underlined words as preposition or adverb Have you ever seen a live college basketball game before?adverbA sign outside the arena said my two favorite teams were playing inside.Outside is a preposition; inside is an adverbCome along; let’s get to our seats before the game starts.
8 19.2 Conjunctions & Interjections What is the difference between conjunctions and interjections?Conjunction link ideasInterjections add emotion.
9 Three Types of Conjunction Coordinating conjunctionsConnects similar words together.Correlative conjunctionsConnect similar words, but appear in pairs.Subordinating conjunctionsConnects 2 complete ideas, but one is more important than the other.
10 These materials include both food and water. Identify the conjunction. Is it a coordinating, correlative, or subordinating conjunction? State none if there is no conjunction.The term environment refers to the surroundings of either an individual organism or a community of organisms.either…or; correlativeThe word surroundings refers to all living and nonliving materials around an organism.and; coordinatingThese materials include both food and water.Both…and; correlative
11 Identify the conjunction Identify the conjunction. Is it a coordinating, correlative, or subordinating conjunction?An organism is influenced not only by its immediate surroundings but also by physical forces.Not only…but also; correlativeWhen we use the word environment, we often think about the adverse effects of human activities.When; subordinatingEnvironmental groups work to prevent or lessen damage caused by human activities.or; coordinating
12 Conjunctive AdverbsDef: Acts as a conjunction to connect complete ideas.Example:Human activities sometimes having damaging effects on the environment; therefore, society develops ways to prevent or lessen these damages.therefore is a conjunctive adverb
13 Identify the Conjunctive Adverb Humans produce all kinds of waste; recycling is one way to reduce waste accumulation.Rewritten: Humans produce all kinds of waste; therefore, recycling is one way to reduce waste accumulation.
14 InterjectionsDef: A word that expresses emotion or feeling; it functions independently of a sentence.Example:(disappointment) Look at the garbage on the ground.Oh, look at the garbage on the ground.(pain) That burns.Ouch! That burns.