2 The Prophet Muhammad Muhammad was born in Mecca in about 570 When he was 40 years old he received a message from the angel Gabriel that he was to be a prophet of GodMuhammad: Birth of Islam
3 The HejiraThe migration of Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina became known as hejira.It was a turning point in IslamIt marked the beginning of the expansion of IslamThe year of hejira was chosen as the first year in the Muslim calendarBy Muhammad’s death in 632 he had carried Islam across the Arabian Peninsula and controlled most of the region.
4 Teachings of IslamThe basic message of Islam is summed up in the following expression“No god but Allah: Muhammad is the prophet of Allah.”’The word Islam means “submission.”A Muslim is someone who submits to God
5 The Koran The Koran is the sacred book of Islam Muslims believe it contains the exact word of God as revealed to MuhammadIt is the authority on all subjects, including religion, politics, law, economic and social lifeKoran Video
6 Five PillarsIn submitting to God, Muslims accept five duties, known as the Five PillarsFirst PillarMuslims proclaim the belief in one GodThey accept that God revealed his message to MuhammadMuhammad is the most important prophet, but they do not worship him as a God
7 Five Pillars Second Pillar Third Pillar Fourth Pillar Fifth Pillar Five times a day, Muslims face the holy city of Mecca and prayThird PillarCharity to the poor and the agedFourth PillarFasting during the holy month of Ramadan, the ninth month of the Muslim calendarMuslims cannot drink or eat from dawn to sunsetFifth PillarPilgrimage to Mecca, known as hajjFive Pillars Video
8 Similarities with Judaism and Christianity Muslims believe that Allah is the same God of the Christians and JewsMuslims also believe in a final day of judgment for sinners and the faithfulMuhammad called the Jews and Christians “people of the book,” because they followed God’s teachings in the BibleThey had special status as protected people and were to be treated with tolerance