Presentation on theme: "sexually transmitted infections (STI’s)"— Presentation transcript:
1 sexually transmitted infections (STI’s) Lesson ObjectivesDescribe the symptoms of common STI’s and to understand how to protect against themTo produce a presentation using information from the last two lessons about risks young people face.
2 Can you think of any STIs? ThrushHepatitisChlamydiaHIVAIDSHerpesGonorrhoeaGenital WartsSyphilis
3 Infections passed from person to person through sexual contact What are STIs?Infections passed from person to person through sexual contactSome can be cured e.g. ChlamydiaSome more serious diseases cannot e.g. AIDSThere are over 25 different known STIs!
4 Protection against STIs AbstinenceThe only sure way not to catch an STIUse a condom during sexual activityPrevents the transmission of bodily fluidOnly protects the skin it covers, sores/warts not covered can still spread through skin contactHave regular check ups at the local family planning or GUM (Genito urinary medicine) clinicEven if you do not think you have an infection – remember many infections do not appear to have symptoms!
6 STI statistics for England, Wales and Northern Ireland YearSyphilisGonorrhoeaChlamydiaHerpesWarts199513610,18630,79415,64555,608199612212,14034,13615,91559,216199715112,65640,58315,76663,554199813212,82946,15516,42164,925199921515,97453,78316,58166,439200032721,13164,80016,94466,144200173622,99771,96717,87668,0192002123225,06582,55818,43269,5692003158024,15789,43117,93270,665Is this what real love looks like?
7 Chlamydia trachomatis Chlamydia – the factsCaused by Bacteria Chlamydia trachomatisIncidenceThe most commonly diagnosed STI in the UKSymptomsWomen – vaginal discharge, abdominal pain, pain on passing urineMen – discharge from the penis, testicular inflammation, irritation of the penisTransmissionVia vaginal, anal and oral sexChlamydia trachomatis
8 Genital Herpes Caused by Herpes Simplex Virus Incidence Increased by 33% between 1997 – 2006 in the UKSymptomsSymptoms can occur 26 days after exposure and includeitching/tingling in the genital or anal areasmall fluid-filled blisters and painful sorespain when passing urinea flu-like illnessTransmissionSkin to skin contact
9 Genital warts Causes Symptoms Warts are caused by a virus and are spread through skin-to-skin contact.They can be passed on during vaginal, anal or oral sexSymptomsYou might notice small, fleshy growths, bumps anywhere in the genital or anal area.itch and cause inflammation
10 Gonorrhoea Caused by Bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae Incidence Increased by 46% between 1997 and 2006 in the UKSymptomsAbout half of all women infected with gonorrhoea, and over 90% of men experience symptomsCan affect the genitals, anus, rectum and throat with symptoms includinga thin, watery discharge from the vagina or tip of the penis that can appear yellow or green, and pain when urinatingTransmissionSexual intercourse
11 Thrush Caused by Fungus of the species Candida Incidence Increased by 46% between 1997 and 2006SymptomsWomenvaginal discharge and or itchingpain, or discomfort, during sexual intercoursepain, or discomfort, during urinationMenDischarge from and inflammation of the penisPain while passing urineSmall red spots on the tip of the penis
12 Pubic licePubic lice are tiny insects that live in the pubic hair region or under the arms.Pubic lice are usually acquired through sexual contact but can occasionally be transferred by close physical contact or by sharing sheets or towels.Special shampoo or lotion can treat the lice
13 STI MisconceptionsIf I only engage in oral sex, I can't contract a sexually transmitted infectionThe Truth STIs can be transmitted through oral sex, vaginal sex, anal sexIf I have an STI, I will recognize the symptoms immediatelyThe Truth In most women (and some men), there are often virtually NO symptoms of STIs. Not only can a partner not tell if a woman or man has an STI, the person with the STI often does not know.I am not promiscuous and neither are the people I hang out with…it's unlikely that the people I would sleep with would be carrying somethingThe Truth Contracting STIs has nothing to do with cleanliness or grooming. Contracting an STI has everything to do with being intimate with someone who is already infected.The more partners you have or have had, the greater your chances of having an STI. The more partners your partner has or has had, the greater your partner's chances of having a STI.
14 The rest of the class must diagnose and offer test and treatment A role play examplePatient 1: Comes to the doctor with discharge and pain when urinatingDoctor: Well that sounds like you have a sexually transmitted infection. Are you sexually active?Patient 1: Yes and I did have sex without a condomDoctor: Well many sexually transmitted infections have similar symptoms – burning when urinating and discharge – so we’ll have to figure out what you might have…The rest of the class must diagnose and offer test and treatment
15 Role play examplePatient 2: Comes to the doctor with itching and a rashDoctor: Well that sounds like you have a sexually transmitted infection. Are you sexually active?Patient 2: Yes and I did have sex without a condomDoctor: Well many sexually transmitted infections have similar symptoms – itching and a rash – so we’ll have to figure out what you might have…
16 Impact of STIsWorking in pairs, ask students to think about the impact of STIs on the individual, the family and the community.
17 Quick Quiz Name 3 STIs Name 2 places you can be treated for STIs What is the most common STI in Britain?Name 3 ways to stop yourself getting an STI?Name 3 common symptoms of STIsName 2 STIs that can have no symptoms
18 Match up the STI with the statements Causes a rash5 out of 6 cases have no symptomsAlso known as crabsMay go away untreated after 6 monthsMost common STI in young men and womenHas 2 types – one affecting the mouth and one affecting the genitalsChlamydiaGenital WartsHerpesGonorrhoeaSyphilisPubic Lice
19 Answers Chlamydia Genital Warts Herpes Gonorrhoea Syphilis Pubic Lice Causes a rash (5)5 out of 6 cases have no symptoms (4)Also known as crabs (6)May go away untreated after 6 months (2)Most common STI in young men and women (1)Has 2 types – one affecting the mouth and one affecting the genitals (3)
20 Your Presentation must include information on the following Your taskTo produce a presentation about the risks young people take. This presentation must include information on where young people can get advice.Your Presentation must include information on the followingDrugs – risks, impact on the individual, family and community, treatments.Alcohol – risks, effects, where to go for help.Unsafe sex - risks, effects, where to go for help