Presentation on theme: " ADHD IN Adults What Is ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder)? ADHD is characterized by a pattern of behavior, present in multiple settings."— Presentation transcript:
ADHD IN Adults What Is ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder)? ADHD is characterized by a pattern of behavior, present in multiple settings that can result in performance issues in social, educational, or work settings.
Classified As? ADHD is classified by the DMS-I-TR as a developmental disorder of age inappropriate inattention and hyperactivity that arises before 7 yrs. of age. Disorder recognized by severe behavioral and cognitive symptoms that cause impairment in 2 or more settings.
What Does the DSM-V Say? As in DSM-IV, symptoms will be divided into two categories of inattention and hyperactivity and impulsivity included behaviors are failure to pay close attention to details, difficulty organizing tasks and activities excessive talking, fidgeting, or an inability to remain seated in appropriate situations.
How Does it Develop Mostly diagnosed in the early stages of elementary school. May occasionally develop in adolescence or adulthood. Secondary to an acquired injury to the brain Particularly injury to the frontal lobes
How Many Adults in the U.S. 4.4% of adults have ADHD 3.4% World-wide In U.S. 1-10 Adults are being treated for disorder
Why’s so few treated? It’s hard to diagnose in adults. Diagnosis can’t be based solely of individuals believe they have ADHD Evidence must show over their life time in patterns from their behavior. Comorbidity meaning a existing prescience of multiple disorders can occur, but ADHD can only be a diagnosis if the other disorder does not account for the symptoms.
Problem with Diagnosing Adults The DSM-IV criteria was developed for children In Adulthood the hyperactivity and impulsive behavior tend to be internalized with age. As adults they feel mental restlessness, but tend to adjust by starting projects, but never finishing. Instead of behavioral impulsivity they tend to be verbally impulsive
How did they Identify Symptoms? Study was done 3 groups Group 1-Subjects used were patients who were diagnosed with ADHD and referred to a clinic. Group 2-Control Group thought they had ADHD-85% of which were diagnosed with disorders other than ADHD Group 3-Communtiy Control Group Study identified 9 essential symptoms for Adults with ADHD.
Proposed Criteria ADHD In Adults Often easily distracted by extraneous stimuli Often makes decisions impulsively Often has difficulties stopping activities or behaviors Often starts projects without finishing Often has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks Difficulty with organization or doing things in proper order Poor at following through on promises and commitments Need too have 6 out of 9 symptoms to be diagnosed as an adult
Managing Comorbidity w/ADHD It’s tough to see comorbidities because things can be covered up by the opposite disorder. ADHD symptoms might conceal anxiety & learning disabilities. ADHD can be concealed by the robust symptoms of bi-polar, depressive disorders, or substance abuse. It’s important that things are distinguished for treatment Comorbidity in Adults with ADHD is COMMON!