2 A disease in which a person has a physical or psychological dependence to alcohol Alcohol interferes with everyday life.
3 2 types Alcoholic: a person who is dependent on alcohol. Social Alcoholic: person who is dependent on alcohol only in social situations.
4 SIGNS and SYMPTOMS Person always needs a drink Loss of control in all aspects of lifePhysical dependenceExtremely high tolerance levelPossible family issues: ie. Domestic violenceLegal issues: ie. Drinking and drivingPerson may smell of alcohol
5 S & S continued… Health issues: ie. Various cancers, cirrhosis liver damage due to excess toxins. Liver tissue is replaced with scar tissue.
6 RISK FACTORS Family and friends Genetics Culture Peer pressure Availability of alcoholStress
8 STAGE #1 Social drinking attempting to relax or fit in. Develop some physical or psychological dependenceBegin to experience blackouts or memory lossLie and make excuses about their drinkingTolerance is highIncreasing amount to achieve desired effect
9 STAGE #2 Cannot stop drinking Alcohol is the main central focus Performance in school and/or job begins to sufferAbuse of family members may begin
10 STAGE #3 Drinking is the most important thing in their life Very difficult time distinguishing from right and wrongMay begin to experience withdrawal symptoms when alcohol is not readily available.
11 EFFECTS on SOCIETYAlcohol is a major factor is MANY causes of death in our society.What are they??Car accidentsFireCancerHeart diseaseAny others???
12 Alcohol is usually associated with violent crimes. ie. murder, rape, robberyDomestic violenceie. Spousal and child abuse
13 What to do?? Intervention: recognizing there is a problem Treatment: stopping/controlling the intake of alcoholRecovery: the process of learning to live an alcohol free life.
14 Where to go?? AL-ANON/ ALATEEN organization that helps family and friends deal with and recover from the effects of living with an alcoholic.Rhode Island Al-Anon/Alateen Office106 Rolfe Street, Cranston, RI Phone:
15 Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) organization that provides help for alcohol abusers.
16 NATIONAL CLEARINGHOUSE FOR ALCOHOL AND DRUG INFORMATION: Organization that provides information about alcohol and other drugs.
17 NATIONAL DRUG AND TREATMENT REFERRAL ROUTING SERVICE: organization that provides treatment referral and information about treatment facilities.HELP (4357)