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Parts of a Map.

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Presentation on theme: "Parts of a Map."— Presentation transcript:

1 Parts of a Map

2 In this activity you will:
Learn about the elements of a map: title, compass rose, boundaries, insert map, scale, latitude and longitude, hemispheres, and the key/legend. Write a paragraph describing the parts of a map. Tell the function of each part in reading a map.

3 Title Every map should have a title.
We need to know what the map is representing! Just like you, a map needs a name too! What’s my name? Who am I?

4 Compass A compass is a tool that helps the user know what direction he or she is headed. On a map, a compass or a compass rose helps the user locate direction.

5 Compass Rose The needle on a compass is magnetized to point to the Earth's north pole. Thus with a compass, a person can tell which direction they are headed. There are 4 major or cardinal directions on a compass- north, south, east & west.

6 Directions The cardinal directions are north, south, east, and west.
In between are the intermediate directions northeast, northwest, southeast, southwest. The cardinal directions are always written first.

7 Scale Maps are made to scale; that is, they tell the distance between places on a map.

8 Scale

9 Map Legends The map legend/key to unlocking the secrets of a map. Objects, symbols or colors in the legend/key represent something on the map. Religions Legend

10 Can you understand this legend?

11 Age Expectancy Around the World

12 Latitude and Longitude
The earth is divided into lots of lines called latitude and longitude.

13 Lines Longitude lines run north and south. (the LONG sides of the ladder) Latitude lines run east and west. (the steps of the ladder) The lines measure distances in degrees. Longitude Latitude

14 Where is 0 degree? Equator The Equator is 0 degree latitude.
It is an imaginary “belt,” or line, that runs halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole. Equator

15 P R I M E D A N Where is 0 degree? The prime meridian is 0 degrees longitude. This imaginary line runs through England, France, Spain, western Africa, and Antarctica.


17 Hemispheres By using the Equator and Prime Meridian, we can divide the world into four hemispheres: The Northern Hemisphere The Southern Hemisphere The Eastern Hemisphere The Western Hemisphere


19 Time Zones The Earth is divided into 24 time zones, corresponding to 24 hours in a day. As the earth rotates, the sun shines in different areas, moving from east to west during the course of a day. Places that have the same longitude will be in the same time zone.


21 What boundaries does this map show?
Some maps have boundaries. A boundary is something that indicates a border or limit. What boundaries does this map show?

22 Inset Map Some maps have a small map inside the larger map called an inset map. What is in the inset map on the map to the right?

23 Writing Activity Now that you know the different parts of a map, write a paragraph describing at least 3 major components that should always be on a good map. Name the parts and tell why the map needs it. In other words, why is that part important on the map?

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