Presentation on theme: "A contradictory tale of love and structure"— Presentation transcript:
1 A contradictory tale of love and structure The SonnetA contradictory tale of love and structure
2 What does a Shakespearian Sonnet and Teenage Angst Have in Common? My-So-Called-Life clip, “self-esteem” (episode 12)
3 Sonnets ~ An OverviewDerived from Italian word sonetto, meaning “little song”Most structured of all poetic forms14 linesStrict rhyme schemeIambic pentameter
4 The Italian (Petrarchan) Sonnet The Italian sonnet was made truly famous by the Italian poet Francesco Petrarca ( )Original SonnetWrote a series of them to his great love Laura who never returned Petrarch's affectionThe sonnet is often associated with unrequited loveThe Italian sonnet is often called the Petrarchan sonnet in the poet's honor.
5 Elements of the Petrachan Sonnet A fourteen line poem with a strict rhyme schemeThe Italian sonnet begins with an octave— the first eight lines which set up the problem or issue that the poet wants to talk about.Then there's a turn (major shift in thought, typically in line 9) to the sestet.Sestet—the final six lines that represents a solution to the problem or issue introduced by the octet.So remember: Octet (8) + Sestet (6) = Sonnet (14 lines).The meter is iambic pentameterIambic pentameter is a ten syllables per line made up of five two-syllable feet called iambs.One iamb is a unstressed syllable followed by an stressed syllable.Rhyme Scheme: ABBAABBA / CDECDE or ABBAABBA / CDCDCD or ABBAABBA / CDCCDCRhetoric: ABBAABBA (octet –sets up problem or issue) / CDECDE or CDCDCD or CDCCDC (sestet – solution)
6 Themes of the Italian Sonnet The main purpose of sonnets is to express love, however it is a bit more specific than this.If the author is male you can assume the speaker is male.If a male is the speaker the sonnet is usually about the man feeling unworthy of the woman and as a result he is unable to be with her.If the author is female, assume the speaker is female.If this is the case, she will be writing about something has been lost, or will eventually be gone.
7 Sonnet 292 ~ Petrarch ( )Those eyes, 'neath which my passionate rapture rose, The arms, hands, feet, the beauty that erewhile Could my own soul from its own self beguile, And in a separate world of dreams enclose, The hair's bright tresses, full of golden glows, And the soft lightning of the angelic smile That changed this earth to some celestial isle, Are now but dust, poor dust, that nothing knows.And yet I live! Myself I grieve and scorn, Left dark without the light I loved in vain, Adrift in tempest on a bark forlorn; Dead is the source of all my amorous strain, Dry is the channel of my thoughts outworn, And my sad harp can sound but notes of pain.
8 Sonnet 292 ~ Petrarch ( )1. Those eyes, 'neath which my passionate rapture rose, a 2. The arms, hands, feet, the beauty that erewhile b 3. Could my own soul from its own self beguile, b 4. And in a separate world of dreams enclose, a (octave – problem pose)5. The hair's bright tresses, full of golden glows, a 6. And the soft lightning of the angelic smile b 7. That changed this earth to some celestial isle, b 8. Are now but dust, poor dust, that nothing knows. a9. And yet I live! Myself I grieve and scorn, c (TURN)10. Left dark without the light I loved in vain, d11. Adrift in tempest on a bark forlorn; c (sestet – solution)12. Dead is the source of all my amorous strain, d Dry is the channel of my thoughts outworn, c14. And my sad harp can sound but notes of pain. d
9 The English SonnetJust like the Italian sonnet can be traced to one inventor, so can the English sonnet.The English poets Sir Thomas Wyatt and Henry Howard (active during the 1500s) translated Petrarch's sonnets into English, retaining the Italian sonnet rhyme scheme.However, when he wrote his own sonnets, Henry Howard introduced the rhyme scheme and structure that the English sonnet still has today.Shakespeare is the most famous writer of the English sonnet form, so the English sonnet is often called Shakespearean sonnet in his honor.There is no evidence that Shakespeare ever published an Italian sonnet.
10 Defining Characteristics of the English Sonnets The English sonnet is made up of three quatrains (four-line sections) plus a final couplet (two-line section).Quatrain (4) + Quatrain (4) + Quatrain (4) + Couplet (2) = Sonnet (14 lines).The meter is iambic pentameterRhyme Scheme: ABAB/CDCD/EFEF/GG
11 Argument Established in TWO ways Rhetoric #1Rhetoric #2The problem can be introduced in the first two quatrainsShift in thought (the turn) comes in the third quatrainSolution found in the couplet.Rhetoric: ABAB/CDCD (quatrains 1 & 2 –set up problem or issue) and EFEF/GG (quatrain 3 & couplet – solution)The problem can be set up in quatrains 1, 2, and 3Turn and solution coming together at the end with the couplet.Rhetoric: ABAB/CDCD/EFEF (quatrains 1, 2, & 3 – set up problem or issue) and GG (couplet – turn and solution)
12 Sonnet 130 ~ William Shakespeare My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun;Coral is far more red than her lips' red;If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun;If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head.I have seen roses damask'd, red and white, 5But no such roses see I in her cheeks;And in some perfumes is there more delightThan in the breath that from my mistress reeks.I love to hear her speak, yet well I knowThat music hath a far more pleasing sound;I grant I never saw a goddess go;My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground:And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rareAs any she belied with false compare.
13 Sonnet 130 ~ William Shakespeare 1. My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun; a Q1: Lines 1-4 (problem)2. Coral is far more red than her lips' red; b3. If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun; a4. If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head. b5. I have seen roses damask'd, red and white, c Q2: Lines 5-8 (problem)6. But no such roses see I in her cheeks; d7. And in some perfumes is there more delight c8. Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks. d9. I love to hear her speak, yet well I know e Q3: Lines 9-12 (problem)10. That music hath a far more pleasing sound; f11. I grant I never saw a goddess go; e12. My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground: f13. And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare g couplet: line 13 (turn), line 14 (solution)14. As any she belied with false compare. g
14 Spenserian Sonnet Meter: Iambic Pentameter (obviously) The Spenserian sonnet was invented by the English poet Edmund Spenser (1552? – 1599)He took the English sonnet and the Italian sonnet, combined them, and the Spenserian sonnet was born.The Spenserian sonnet basically uses the first twelve lines (three quatrains) to set up the problem and the final two lines (the couplet) to come up with a solution.Rhetoric: ABAB/BCBC /CDCD (quatrains 1, 2, & 3 –set up problem or issue) EE (couplet – solution)The turn won't come until the couplet (like some English sonnets).Meter: Iambic Pentameter (obviously)
15 Spenserian RhymeWhat's important to note about the Spenserian sonnet is that the rhyme scheme is a combination of English and Italian.It's ABAB/BCBC/CDCD/EE.The rhyme is more connected, more intricate, and more complex.Only Spenser writes like this, so it is same to assume if the rhyme scheme is not obviously Italian or English it is Spenser!