2 What is a Hazardous Material? A material or group or class of materials is designated as hazardous when it is determined that transporting that material in commerce in a particular amount or form poses an unreasonable risk to health, safety, or property.
3 Why do Hazardous Materials Need to be Transported? Although classified as hazardous, many of these materials are critical to the economy and to every day life. The following items are classified as Hazardous Materials Gasoline Diesel Fertilizers Insecticides Oxygen Medical Supplies Welding Supplies Fire Extinguishers Batteries Air Bag Components Bulk Medicines Bulk Cosmetics Refrigerants Charcoal Paint
4 Hazardous Materials- Who Does What? Department of Transportation (USDOT) – controls and regulates transportation of hazardous materials. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) - governs safety in the workplace. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) – regulates hazardous materials as they may impact the community and environment including handling, environmental cleanup, and disposal.
5 Who Controls Hazardous Materials Transport? The Secretary of Transportation, by law, is required to issue regulations for the safe transportation, including security, of hazardous materials.
6 Which Agencies Regulate Hazardous Materials Transport? Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA)Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA)Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)United States Coast Guard (USCG)
7 PHMSAIssues the rules and regulations governing the safe transportation of hazardous materials. These rules are called the Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR).HMR covers:Hazardous Materials ClassificationHazardous Materials CommunicationPackagingOperational RulesTraining and SecurityRegistration
8 FMCSA The FMCSA issues regulations concerning Highway routing of hazardous materialsHazardous Materials endorsements for commercial drivers licensesHighway hazardous materials safety permitsFinancial responsibility requirements for motor carriers of hazardous materials
9 FAA The FAA issues regulations covering: Hazardous materials that are part of the required aircraft equipment.Transportation of radioactive material on passenger-carrying aircraft when the material is to be used for medical purposes.
10 USCG The USCG regulates Bulk transportation of hazardous materials that are loaded or carried on board a vessel.Ship’s stores and supplies.
11 How are Hazardous Materials Identified During Shipping? Hazardous materials are identified 2 ways;On shipping papers or manifests,andby labels and placards.ShippingPapers
12 Classes of Hazardous Materials That are Transported There are 9 classes of hazardous materials or dangerous goods:Class 1 ExplosivesClass 2 GasesClass 2 Flammable Liquids and Combustible LiquidsClass 4 Flammable Solids and Combustible SolidsClass 5 Oxidizers and Organic PeroxidesClass 6 Toxic Materials and Infectious SubstancesClass 7 Radioactive MaterialsClass 8 Corrosive MaterialsClass 9 Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods
13 DOT Chart 12: Hazardous Materials Marking, Labeling & Placarding Guide, p. 4) (source: U.S. DOT Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration,
14 What is a Placard?Hazmat placards must be minimum of 10.8 inches on each side.The placard must be prominently displayed on all 4 sides of the vessel or vehicleA placard identifies a hazardous material through 4 characteristicsHazard SymbolPlacard ColorHazard name orIdentification NumberHazard class number
15 Why do we need placards?The primary purpose of placards is to assist first responders with identification of a hazard when responding to an incident involving hazardous materials.
16 For more informationVisit the following sites: PHMSA Environment, Health and Safety online