2 Training Objectives Identify the features of Windows 7 Identify the different Setup OptionsIdentify the System Requirements of Windows 7Identify the procedures on how to setup Windows 7
3 Windows 7 FeaturesThere are many new and improved features in Windows 7. The changes are designed to make it faster and easier to perform everyday tasks as well as to improve the overall performance of Windows.
4 Windows 7 Advanced Features Action CenterAction Center TroubleshootersBiometric FrameworkDesktop SlideshowDevice ManagementHandwriting RecognitionHome GroupInternet Explorer 8Jump ListsMedia FeaturesPerformance ImprovementsReduced Disk Space UtilizationTaskbarWindows Touch
5 Disk Space UsageWindows 7 has disk usage space compared to Windows Vista. Beyond the changes to servicing, other specific disk space usage improvements include:Reduction in size of drivers included on- diskLog file size reduction and compressionPage file size reduction (Virtual RAM)System Restore disk space usage reduced
6 Setup OptionsWindows 7 can be installed using one of the following methods. Each is discussed in more detail in this module.Upgrade InstallThis method can be used to install Windows 7 while preserving your current applications, user accounts, user profile data, and settings.
7 Setup OptionsClean Install This is the method to use for installing Windows 7 without preserving settings, such as on a new computer, when there is no upgrade path from your current operating system version, or due to a problem with your current installation.
8 Setup OptionsWindows Anytime Upgrade This is the method for upgrading from one edition of Windows 7 to a higher edition. Other Setup Options: (Not Supported) OEM Image This is the method of installation for many computers that you purchase with Windows 7 already installed. This installation method may include additional non-Windows software, preinstalled by the OEM Examples could include security software or other programs. Corporate Deployment This is the method some companies use to install Windows over a network or via automation so that each user does not need to perform setup-related tasks. This is out of scope for this course.
9 Recommended System Requirements 1 gigahertz (GHz) or faster 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x64) processor1 gigabyte (GB) RAM (32-bit) or 2 GB RAM (64-bit)16 GB available hard disk space (32-bit) or 20 GB (64-bit)DirectX 9 graphics device with WDDM (Windows Display Driver Model) 1.0 or higher driver
10 32-bit vs. 64-bitWhat is the difference between 32-bit and 64-bit versions of Windows?The terms 32-bit and 64-bit refer to the way a computer's processor (also called a CPU), handles information. The 64-bit version of Windows handles large amounts of random access memory (RAM) more effectively than a 32-bit system.
11 32-bit vs. 64-bitHow can I tell if my computer is running a 32-bit or a 64-bit version of Windows?Windows 7 and VistaStartRight Click “ComputerProperties
12 Right Click “My Computer” 32-bit vs. 64-bitHow can I tell if my computer is running a 32-bit or a 64-bit version of Windows?Windows XPStartRight Click “My Computer”Propertiesx64 = 64-bit x86 = 32-bit
13 32-bit vs. 64-bitWhich version of Windows 7 should I install: the 32-bit version or the 64-bit version?64-bit will only work for 64-bit – could fully maximize the usage of 4GB and could handle upto 16TB of RAM32-bit will work for both – could handle a maximum of 4GB of RAM
14 32-bit vs. 64-bitHow do I tell if my computer can run a 64-bit version of Windows?To run a 64-bit version of Windows, your computer must have a 64-bit-capable processor. To find out if your processor is 64-bit-capable in Windows 7 or Windows Vista, do the following:
15 32-bit vs. 64-bitStartType “Performance Information and Tools”Click “View and print detailed performance and system information”Windows 7Note: If your computer is already running a 64-bit version of Windows, you won't see the 64-bit capable listing
17 32-bit vs. 64-bit Windows Vista StartType “Performance Information and Tools”Click “View and print details”Windows VistaNote: If your computer is already running a 64-bit version of Windows, you won't see the 64-bit capable listing
18 Right click “My Computer” 32-bit vs. 64-bitStartRight click “My Computer”Click “Properties”Windows XPNote: If "x64 Edition" is listed under System, your processor is capable of running a 64-bit version of Windows
19 32-bit vs. 64-bitCan I upgrade from a 32-bit version of Windows to a 64-bit version of Windows 7 or from a 64-bit version of Windows 7 to a 32-bit version of Windows?It dependsWindows Vista 64-bit – Windows 7 64-bitWindows Vista 32-bit – Windows 7 32-bit
20 32-bit vs. 64-bitWindows Vista 32-bit to Windows 7 64-bit and Vice VersaHere’s How:Back up your filesChoose “Custom” InstallRestore filesReinstall programs
21 32-bit vs. 64-bit Can I run 32-bit programs on a 64-bit computer? YES Most programs designed for the 32-bit version of Windows will work on the 64-bit version of Windows. Notable exceptions are many antivirus programs
22 32-bit vs. 64-bit Can I run 64-bit programs on a 32-bit computer? NO If the program is specifically designed for the 64-bit version of Windows, it won't work on the 32-bit version of Windows.
23 32-bit vs. 64-bit Can I run 32-bit drivers on a 64-bit computer? NO Device drivers designed for the 32-bit version of Windows don't work on computers running a 64-bit version of Windows. If you're trying to install a printer or other device that only has 32-bit drivers available, it won't work correctly on a 64-bit version of Windows
24 Notes:To install a 64-bit version of Windows 7 on a computer running a 32-bit version of Windows, you'll need to start, or boot, your computer using a 64-bit Windows 7 installation disc or filesIf you start your computer using a 64-bit Windows 7 installation disc or files, but your computer isn't capable of running a 64-bit version of Windows, you'll see a Windows Boot Manager error. You'll need to use a 32-bit Windows 7 installation disc or files insteadWindows Easy Transfer can't transfer files from a 64-bit version of Windows to a 32-bit version of Windows. If you're running a 64-bit version of Windows Vista but you plan to install a 32-bit version of Windows 7, you can move your files to an external location manually or use Backup and Restore in Windows VistaIf you're running a 64-bit version of Windows XP, you'll need to move your files to an external location manually
26 Upgrade PathCustom /Clean Install – gives you the option to either completely replace your operating system or install Windows on a specific partition or drive that you select. You could also perform a custom install if your computer does not have an operating system
27 Upgrade PathIn-Place Upgrade – keeps your files, settings, and programs intact from your current version of Windows
29 Installation Phases for Upgrade Path DownlevelStarting the installation. Copying Setup files to the hard drive, and setting up a boot entry to boot directly to the next phase
30 Installation Phases for Upgrade Path WinPEThis phase starts with the Windows Setup boot entry and the rest of the migration gathering is done in this phase, followed by the application of the generic Windows 7 image
31 Installation Phases for Upgrade Path Online ConfigurationIn this step the computer is started in Windows 7 for the first time. Setup first performs a set of specialization actions that make the installation of Windows unique. Drivers for detected hardware are installed, and collected migration data is now reapplied to the system.
32 Installation Phases for Upgrade Path Windows WelcomeWhen setup is finished, you begin using Windows 7 in the Windows Welcome phase, also known as the Out Of Box Experience (OOBE). This is the portion of setup where you set the time zone, choose the configuration for updates and safety features, have a chance to connect to a network, and join a HomeGroup if one is found on your network’ This is also the phase where it will be asking for the “Activation Key”.
33 Compatibility ReportWarnings or SoftBlock – When the compatibility report has identified an issue that could result in a less than desirable outcome, you will see a warning message. This indicates that the upgrade can continue, but with some impact to your current configuration.
34 Examples:A warning message related to Windows features, such as the removal of Ultimate Extras, or language pack issues starts with this text:Upgrading Windows will affect the following featuresThis may also include a step to turn off specific Windows Features:These Windows features might not work properly after the upgrade. Before upgrading, we recommend turning off these features. Cancel the upgrade, open Control Panel, and search for “turn Windows features on or off”.
35 Examples:Upgrading Windows will affect the following devices and/or programsThe hardware compatibility message continues with this text:These devices might not work properly after the upgrade. Before upgrading, we recommend updating the drivers for these devices. Cancel the upgrade, open Control Panel, and search for “update device drivers”, or go to the device manufacturer’s website to search for updated drivers.For program compatibility issues, the message shows:These programs might not work properly after the upgrade. Before upgrading, we recommend uninstalling these programs. Cancel the upgrade, open Control Panel, and search for “uninstall a program”. (Note: Programs marked as * can be safely reinstalled after the upgrade.)All of these are messages indicate a potentially undesirable outcome, but not a problem that will prevent Setup from performing the upgrade.
36 Compatibility ReportUpgrade Blocks or HardBlocks – Upgrade block messages differ from warnings in that they indicate that the upgrade cannot be performed. In order to upgrade Windows, you must first resolve the issues identified in the report.
37 Examples:When an upgrade blocking issue is found, the Compatibility Report will start with the following text:The following issues are preventing Windows from upgrading. Cancel the upgrade, complete each task, and then restart the upgrade to continue.This is followed by one of the following main types of actions:Turn off these Windows features. Open Control Panel and search for “turn Windows features on or off”.Uninstall these programs. Open Control Panel and search for “uninstall a program”.Install updated drivers for the following devices. Open Control Panel and search for “update device drivers”.Once you complete the actions indicated, you should be able to complete the upgrade successfully.
38 Features Removed During Upgrade Movie MakerPhoto GalleryWindows MailWindows CalendarMeeting Place
39 Ultimate Components Removed Ultimate ExtrasWindows DreamScene and DreamScene Content PacksMicrosoft TinkerHold Em Poker GameWindows Sound SchemesLanguage PacksInstalled language packs are removed during the upgrade. You will need to reinstall language packs after the upgrade is complete.
40 Upgrade Best Practices Upgrade from Damaged Windows VistaOften during operating system releases, we encounter support calls from customers who are trying to resolve problems by upgrading to a new Windows version. This is a risky and often problematic approach to solving PC problems.Many of the software or hardware issues impacting the stability of Windows Vista could be migrated into, or directly affect the new installation of Windows 7. As a result, the best approach is to backup/migrate data, and perform a clean install of Windows 7.This means using the same procedure as recommend for Windows XP to Windows 7 migration.In addition, you might also recommend some steps to check for hardware issues, if the problems manifested as system instability or stop errors.
41 Upgrade Best Practices Backup Data before an UpgradeTo protect against problems during the upgrade process, you should recommend that your customer perform a backup of critical data to an off-computer storage device before upgrading to Windows 7. This could be to an online backup service, DVD discs, or an external hard disk that is disconnected from the computer during setup.This precaution can help protect against coincidental hardware failures that may damage data on the machine, as well as from other potential problems.
42 Upgrade Best Practices Upgrade on Small Disk PCsSmall disk PCs, such as netbooks, present challenges for an upgrade installation. The upgrade process maintains a copy of the original operating system files so that a rollback can be performed in the event of problems. This means that additional free disk space is neededAs a general recommendation, you should have 16 GB free disk space for upgrade to complete successfully. The minimum possible space permitted by setup much less.If you have insufficient space to upgrade even after freeing disk space, follow the same recommendation as for Windows XP to Windows 7 migration – migrate out data and settings, then clean install Windows 7.
43 Upgrade Best Practices Uninstall back to Previous VersionDuring an upgrade to Windows 7 there is a Rollback option provided from the Boot Menu providing an option to return to the previous OS configuration. This is removed at the end of Online Configuration.Once the Rollback option is removed, there is not an Uninstall procedure that returns you directly to the pre-setup state. This is the same as was done in Windows Vista.To return to the previous version of Windows you must perform a clean installation of that previous version.
44 Upgrade Best Practices Repairing Windows 7 with an In-Place UpgradeLike Windows Vista, Windows 7 supports re-install from within Windows in order to repair the current installation
45 Custom | Clean Installation When you clean install via DVD boot, Windows 7 setup launches directly into WinPE mode. When starting in this way, you are given full setup options for disk configuration and partition creation.
46 Custom | Clean Installation The first step of setup from DVD boot is to “Press any key to boot from CD or DVD.”WinPE (Pre-Installation Envi)
47 Custom | Clean Installation WinPE begins loading, and shows the “Windows is loading files” progress indicator, as shown below.
82 Windows Anytime Upgrade Windows Vista – involved setup.exe and one of the risks is data lossWindows 7 – unlocks the feature of a certain edition. Driver, data and application migration issues are completely bypassed
83 Windows Anytime Upgrade Open start and type “Windows Anytime Upgrade” or;Open the Windows Anytime Upgrade module via the Control Panel and enter the new key and finally re-activate Windows
84 WAU Activation States Licensed – with Windows Genuine logo Initial Grace Period – grace period given usually 30 days before the software expiresNotification – another 3 days of grace period after 30 daysAdditional Grace Period – happens when a major hardware component was changedNon – Genuine Grace Period – without Genuine LogoUnknown – incompatibility with licensing componentsUnlicensed –
85 Types of Product Keys Retail Key Retail Upgrade Key OEM SLP Key – Embedded on the diskOEM COA Non-SLP Key
86 WAU Basic Troubleshooting Steps Verify KeyVerify the installed product(if compatible but still having issues…)Stop and show 3rd party services by going to msconfig to unblock a possible causeType cmd in search fieldType msconfigClick on Startup tab and click on Disable and applyClick on Services and Hide all services and apply
87 WAU Basic Troubleshooting Steps Check for compatibility – for drivers and hardware incompatibility, check your manufacturer’s website to download new drivers that will run with Windows 7Check for Internet Connection – WAU process needs internet connection
88 WAU Basic Troubleshooting Steps Turn –off AntiVirus – Antivirus or anti-malware program and third-party firewall may interfere with the installation of Windows 7 during the upgrade process. Temporary turn-off the security tools and re-enable only after the install process has finished.
89 Windows Recovery Environment (WinRE) Startup Repair – automatically fix problems that are preventing windows from starting or bootingSystem Restore – restore windows to an earlier pointSystem Image Recovery – recover your computer using system image created earlierWindows Memory Category – check your computer for memory hardware errorsCommand Prompt – for accessing commands
90 Network Connection Status Computer Logo or Signal– means the computer can receive and send dataTriangle with Exclamation Point – Limited or No Connectivity (do the troubleshooting in Action Center. If not resolve, contact servicer)With X – no connection
91 How to check Drivers Click on Start and type Device Manager ? – not installed! – conflicting with other hardware (incompatible)X – disabled
92 Windows Easy Transfer (WET) Windows Easy Transfer is the easiest way to backup files to another computer, external harddrive, flashdrive, otherUser Account and CD/DVDNote: Migration Rules (PC-PC)32-bit – 32-bit (possible)64-bit – 32 bit (not possible)
93 Windows Easy Transfer (WET) For Windows Vista and Windows 7 (WET) is already includedFor Windows XP, you have to download and install the files for you to use the application
94 How to do WET in Windows 7 Three methods to transfer files: Using a Windows Easy Transfer Cable (direct PC-to-PC)Over a networkExternal hard driveActivity: Windows Easy Transfer Lab Exercises for better understanding
95 Backup and RestoreAnother way to back up your files before doing the upgrade. For Windows 7, it’s only available for Windows 7 Professional and Ultimate. This feature will automatically back up the files to another storage space depending on your configuration