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Seung Hyo (Daniella) Ki Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)

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Presentation on theme: "Seung Hyo (Daniella) Ki Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Seung Hyo (Daniella) Ki Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)

2 Mood Disorders MDD Bipolar Disorder

3 Major Depressive Disorder A mood disorder in which a person experiences, in the absence of drugs or a medical condition, two or more weeks of significantly depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities 1-1 Definition

4 Causes of MDD Exact causes - unknown Chemical changes in the brain Genes- tends to run in families Alcohol and drug abuse Sleep problems Stressful events 1-2 Etiology (Causes)

5 Symptoms of MDD Psychological & physical Loss of interest in daily activities Lack of motivation Overwhelming sadness Weight loss or gain Changes in sleep Fatigue or extremely low E Feelings of worthlessness Trouble concentrating Thoughts of suicide 1-3 Symptoms

6 Criteria for MDD A.At least 5 of the following, during the consecutive 2-week period, representing a change from previous functioning; must include either (a) or (b) (a)Depressed mood (b)Diminished interest or pleasure (c)Significant weight loss or gain (d)Insomnia or hypersomnia (e)Psychomotor agitation or retardation (f)Fatigue or loss of energy (g)Feelings of worthlessness (h)Diminished ability to think or concentrate: indecisiveness (i)Recurrent thoughts of death, suicide attempt 1-4 DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic criteria

7 Criteria for MDD A. B.Symptoms do not meet criteria for a mixed episode C.Symptoms cause clinically significant distress or impairment of functioning D.Symptoms are not due to the direct physiologic effects of a substance or a medical condition E.Symptoms are not better accounted for by bereavement 1-5 DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic criteria

8 1:33~ 5:48

9 Preventions from MDD Exercise might help lift mood Hiking Walking Playing Tennis Group gym class 1-6 Preventions

10 Current Statistics Women are two times more likely to develop MDD About 60% of people who suffer one episode of MDD are likely to have more time Compared to adults over the age of 60 18-29 yrs old  70% more likely to have experienced MDD 30-44 yrs old  120% 45-59 yrs old  100% 1-7 Statistic

11 Jin Sil Choi’s family 1-8 Celebrity Examples 10.02.2008 3.29.2010 1.2013

12 Citation 1-8 Citation American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Washington, DC: Author. HealthiNation (2012, April 12). What is Major Depressive Disorder? (Part 1 of 3). Retrieved November 10, 2013, from Kasschau, Richard A. (2008). Understanding Psychology. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies. Myers, David G. (2008). Psychology (9th ed.). New York: Worth Publishers. NIMH. (n.d.). Retrieved from Professor Caleb Lack (2013, September 25). Eeyore- A Case Study in Major Depressive Disorder. Retrieved November 10, 2013 from

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