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CDRH Software Regulation

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Presentation on theme: "CDRH Software Regulation"— Presentation transcript:

1 CDRH Software Regulation
John F Murray Jr.. Center for Devices & Radiological Health US Food and Drug Administration

2 Public Health and Software
The Quality of Pubic Health is highly dependent on the Quality of Medical Software i.e. Medical Device Software, Clinical Information Systems, Hospital Information Systems, Manufacturing Systems etc

3 What type of Quality do we Want?
To get some perspective lets try what I call the YB scale. [yugo vs. bmw] I ask the following questions: Where would Microsoft be on this scale? Where do we want our software quality to be?

4 SOFTWARE IS DIFFERENT Software Quality - Primarily a design issue
Custom developed components Complexity Structured development process plus testing Dormant latent defects Software is easy to change Difficult to control changes Significance of changes Testing alone is not sufficient to show that software implementation is correct and complete. Need a structured and controlled development process that includes testing as one component.



7 Do the regulations recognize this need
Yes they do: 21 CFR 21 CFR (a) (2) (i) 21 CFR (g) 21 CFR (i)

8 21 CFR Design Controls Each manufacturer of any Class II or Class III device, and the Class I devices listed in paragraph (a)(2) of this section, shall establish and maintain procedures to control the design of the device in order to ensure that the specified design requirements are meet.

9 21 CFR (a)(2)(i) Class I The following Class I devices are subject to design controls: Devices automated with computer software

10 21 CFR (g) Design validation shall include software validation and risk analysis where appropriate

11 21 CFR 820.70 (i) Automated processes
When computers or automated data processing systems are used as part of production or the quality system, the manufacturer shall validate computer software for its intended use according to an established protocol. All software changes shall be validated before approval and issuance. These validation activities shall be documented.

12 What is the goal? By Law: Medical Devices must be reasonable safe and effective By default: Software must be safe and effective

13 Safe and Effective It depends! Cannot be easily defined
What is safe and effective software Software Engineering Risk Management Quality System

14 CDRH Software Message This is the CDRH Software Message
The law and regulations are written in broad terms Software should be engineered using: Software Engineering Risk Management Quality System This is the CDRH Software Message

15 Partial FDA Software Timeline
Regulatory Overview Partial FDA Software Timeline 1999 a e d c b i j h q f g m o n l r p k s t v u a. Guide to Computerized Systems in Drug Processing b. Software Development Activities Reference Materials and Training Aids for Investigators c. Draft FDA Policy for the Regulation of Computer Products d. Draft Application of the Medical Device GMPs to Computerized Devices and Manufacturing Processes (Final 1992) e. Draft Guidance for the Content and Review of 510(k) Notifications for Picture Archiving and Communications Systems(PACS) and Related Devices f. Reviewer Guidance for Computer Controlled Medical Devices Undergoing 510(k) Review g. Draft Guideline for the Validation of Blood Establishment Computer Systems (Version 1 issued Oct-94) h. Letter requiring submissions for Blood Bank Information Systems i. Proposed Electronic Records: Electronic Signatures Rule j. Glossary of Computerized System and Software Development Terminology k. CADx Initiative l. Telemedicine Related Activities Report m. Public FDA Software Policy Workshop n. Public Draft ODE Guidance for the Content of Premarket Submission for Medical Devices Containing Software o. New Quality System Regulation p. Do It By Design q. Blood Bank Software Submission Guidance r. Software Quality Audit Initiative s. Final Rule Electronic Records: Electronic Signatures t. General Principles of Software Validation - Draft Guidance u. Guidance for Off-the-Shelf (OTS) Software Use in Medical Devices - Draft v. Letter to Manufacturers Regarding the Year 2000 Computer Problem New draft of submission guidance to be reissued for industry comment Dec. or Jan. FDA initiative via AAMI for new international software standard for medical device software. Revision of ISO in process and very different.

16 Documents to date General Principles of Software Validation; Final Guidance for Industry and FDA Staff OC     Guidance for Off-the-Shelf Software Use in Medical Devices; Final ODE       Guidance for the Content of Premarket Submissions for Software Contained in Medical Devices; Final

17 Other Works AAMI SW 68 IEC/ISO International Version of SW 68
AAMI TIR on Software Hazard Management AAMI TIR on Validation of High Risk Software AAMI TIR on Validation of Quality System and Manufacturing Software

18 We have been at this a long time
Our first publication was 1991 We continue to support standards development We continue to support the development of TIR Training to come

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