Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Lesson Study"— Presentation transcript:
1 Introduction to Lesson Study This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No
2 Traveler, there is no road. The road is created as we walk it together.Antonio Machado
3 Professional Development TRADITIONALRESEARCH LESSONSBegins with answerDriven by expertCommunication trainer -> teachersRelationships hierarchicalResearch informs practiceBegins with questionDriven by participantsCommunication among teachersRelationship reciprocalPractice is researchBy Lynn Liptak, Paterson School #2, New Jersey.
4 Teachers’ Activities to Improve Instruction Choose curriculum,write curriculum, align curriculum,write local standardsPlan lessons individuallyPlan lessons collaborativelyWatch and discuss each other’s classroom lessonsU.S.JAPAN
5 What is a Research Lesson? Actual classroom lesson with students, watched by other teachersPlanned collaborativelyBrings to life a goal or vision of educationRecorded: video, audio, hand written, and through student workDiscussed by faculty and sometimes outside commentators
6 Plan Lessons(s) that Foster Long-Term Goals and Lesson/Unit Goals Figure 1Lesson StudyPlanningPhaseResearchLessonPost-LessonActivitiesDiscussion of Lesson Discuss research lesson. Focus on evidence of whether the lesson promoted the long-term goals and lesson/unit goalsDiscuss Long Term Goals for Students’ Academic, Social and Ethical DevelopmentRESEARCH LESSONActual classroom lesson; attending teachers study student thinking, learning, engagement, behavior, etc.Choose Content Area and Unit Discuss Learning Goals for Content Area, Unit and LessonConsolidate LearningWrite report that includes lesson plan, data, and summary of discussion. Refine and re-teach the lesson if desired. Or select a new focus of study.Plan Lessons(s) that Foster Long-Term Goals and Lesson/Unit Goals
7 Lesson Study Provides Opportunities to Think Deeply About Long-term Goals for StudentsCarefully Consider the Goals of a Particular Content Area, Unit, and LessonStudy the Best Available LessonsPlan Lessons that Bring to Life both Short-term and Long-term goalsDeepen Subject Matter KnowledgeDevelop Instructional KnowledgeBuild Capacity for Collegial LearningDevelop the “Eyes to See Students”
8 Data Collected During Lesson Study Academic LearningHow did images of heated air change?Did students shift from simple counting to more flexible method?Did dramatic role-play spark higher quality and quantity of writing?In their journals, what did students write as their learnings?MotivationPercent of children who raised handsBody language, “aha” comments, shining eyesSocial BehaviorHow many times do students refer to and build on classmates’ comments?How often do the five quietist students speak up?Are students friendly and respectful?Student Attitudes Toward LessonWhat did you like and dislike about the lesson?
9 Lesson Study Collaborative planning Study available units & lessons PhaseCollaborative planningDiscuss goals for students & contentStudy available units & lessonsBuild from an existing lesson
10 Lesson Study 1 teacher teaches; others observe/ collect data PlanningPhaseResearchLesson1 teacher teaches; others observe/ collect dataDesigned to bring to life a particular goal/ vision of educationRecord lesson - video, audio, student work, observation notesThe heart of LS is the research lesson, which is about observation and data collection
11 Lesson Study Formally debrief lesson Share data PlanningPhaseResearchLessonPost-LessonActivitiesFormally debrief lessonShare dataDraw implications for lesson and teaching-learning more broadlyRevise and re-teach if desiredShow seats; collect model 1. Ask them to fill out model 2. Important to focus on left and center as well as right. Frame: look for evaluation items. Stop tape and have them share out what they added to model.
12 Lesson Study 1. STUDY 2. PLAN 4. REFLECT 3. DO RESEARCH LESSON Consider long term goals for student learning and developmentStudy curriculum and standards2. PLANSelect or revise research lessonDo taskAnticipate student responsesPlan data collection and lesson4. REFLECTShare dataWhat was learned about students learning, lesson design, this content?What are implications for this lesson and instruction more broadly?3. DO RESEARCH LESSONConduct research lessonCollect data
13 ? How does lesson study improve instruction? Visible Features of Lesson StudyConsider GoalsStudy Curriculum and StandardsPlan and Conduct Research LessonCollect DataDebrief LessonUse Debrief to Inform Instruction?InstructionalImprovementHave them work on model 1, post on chart and under headings of central boxHow many have had experience of promising innovation discardedSuperficial implementation, poor understanding of underlying principles can be why
14 Visible Features of Lesson Study A Common Early Conception of Lesson StudyVisible Features of Lesson StudyPlanTeachObserveDiscussEtc.Key Pathway·Lesson PlansImproveInstructional ImprovementWatch SEATS, take notes on time 2 model, stop to check in occasionally
15 Current View: How Does Lesson Study Improve Instruction? Cause Changes In:TeachersKnowledge of subject matter and its teachingGeneral knowledge of instructionAbility to observe studentsConnection of daily instruction to long-term goalsMotivation/willingness to improveCapacity to learn together, collegial networksCurriculumBetter lessonsChoice of better curriculaSystemChanges in policyChanges in learning structuresVisibleFeatures of Lesson StudyConsider GoalsStudy Curriculum and StandardsPlan and Conduct Research LessonCollect DataDebrief LessonUse Debrief to Inform InstructionWhat Else?Result in Changes in Teaching-LearningSpecific Examples:Teaching-Offer high-level taskLearning-Student journals reveal thinking re: proportional reasoningShow seats video Watch SEATS, take notes on time 2 model, stop to check in occasionally
16 Lesson Study in the US: What Have We learned? U.S. educators Can Find Lesson Study UsefulSuccessful and Unsuccessful Adaptations OccurThe Idea of Lesson Study is Simple But the Practice Is NotQualities of Successful SitesA learning stanceTeacher leadershipHands-on experiences, such as work with Japanese practitioners