2 Introduction and Purpose To discuss the basics of MBTI and how we can utilize it to understand our individual preferences.To help us understand and value the preferences of others.Has anyone taken the instrument before?
3 Agenda Overview & history What MBTI is/is not Why it’s a useful tool Four dimensions of type
4 MBTI Overview & History Based on Carl Jung’s work and theory of psychological types“Seemingly random variations in behavior is actually quite orderly and consistent, being due to basic differences in the way individuals prefer to use their perception and judgment.”~ Carl JungCarl Jung -- a Swiss psychiatrist who developed one of the most comprehensive theories of explaining human behaviorHe was a student of Freud. Freud taught that personality was formed by age 5. Jung didn’t buy into that and decided to part company.
5 What MBTI Is A tool designed to implement the theories of Carl Jung. A tool that helps us to look at our psychological preferences and mental habits.These preferences represent consistent and enduring patterns of how we use our minds.Perform the handwriting exercise:Have them write the nameHave them write their name with their other hand.Ask them:How would you describe the differences between the two experiences?Did they feel different?Are there difference in the quality of the writing?3. Explain, when you engage in everyday behaviors that utilize your natural type preferences,They tend to feel natural, comfortable, and confident.When people engage in behaviors that call on their nonpreferences, they tend to feel unnatural,Uncomfortable, and less confident. And may tend to find ways to avoid those tasks.With practice, people can develop greater confidence and competence in their nonpreferences.However, it does take energy and effort to learn to use them, just as it woulld to learn to write with yourNondominate hand.
6 Why MBTI is UsefulAs a self development tool to help us evaluate our preferences.By being aware of our own and others’ preferences, improvement can be made in areas such as:CommunicationTeam BuildingProblem SolvingConflict Resolution
7 Four Dimensions of Type Focus and source of energyExtraversionIntroversionInformation GatheringSensingiNtuitionDecision MakingBroken down into 4 dimensionsMakes up 16 individual personality typesThinkingFeelingLife Style OrientationJudgingPerceiving
8 Focus and Source of Energy IExtraversionIntroversion
9 Focus and Source of Energy ExtraversionIntroversionOuter world of people and thingsInner world of thoughts and reflections
10 Extraversion Energized by the outer world Focus on people and things Tend to talk first, think laterThink out loud, to reveal half-thought ideasFind listening more difficult than talkingEasily engaged in a conversation and may even dominate the conversation
11 Introversion Energized by the inner world Listen more than talk Think first, then actRehearse things before saying themIs recharged by the peace and quiet of having time aloneAre perceived as a good listener but feel others take advantage of and run over them
13 Information Gathering SensingiNtuitionLooks for possibilities, meanings, insights, & connectionsLives in the “here and now” & depends on the five senses
14 Sensing Focuses on facts, details, and specifics Trusts actual experiencePrefers to concentrate on what you are doing at the moment – deals with here and nowWould prefer to work with facts and figures rather than ideas and theoriesPrefers to do things “the way we always have”Keepers of tradition – Do not like change
15 iNtuition Focuses on the big picture and possibilities Believe details are boringFind the future and possibilities intriguingThinks about future implicationsThinks about many things at once which causes people to view you as absent-mindedTrusts their gut instinctsDoes not like routine tasks – Can handle change
17 Decision Making Thinking Feeling Logic and objectivity Impact on people
18 Thinking Do not mind making difficult decisions Make decisions based on logic and objectivityEnjoy proving a point for sake of clarityTends to see flawsDo not mind making difficult decisionsAppears cool and reservedThink it is more important to be right rather than liked
19 Feeling Considers others feelings when making a decision Will overextend themselves to assist with others needsCan easily put themselves in others shoesPrefers harmonyWon’t hesitate to apologize for offending someoneOpenly displays a warmth, empathy, and compassion
21 Life Style Orientation JudgingPerceivingPrefers to plan and control the outer worldAdjusts and adapts to the outer world
22 Judging Pays attention to time and is prompt Prefers to finish projectsWork first, play laterLikes to make a plan and stick to itFinds comfort in schedulesKeeps “to do” listsThrives on order
23 Perceiving Plays first, works later Likes to keep plans flexible Prefers the freedom to be spontaneousAre easily distractedWorks in last minute spurts of energy to complete projectsLoves to explore the unknown
24 People Come In All Types INFPINTJISTPENTJINFPISFPISFJISTJINFJESTPINTPESFJESFPESTJENFJENTPPeople Come In All Types