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Myers-Briggs Type Indicator.

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Presentation on theme: "Myers-Briggs Type Indicator."— Presentation transcript:

1 Myers-Briggs Type Indicator

2 Introduction and Purpose
To discuss the basics of MBTI and how we can utilize it to understand our individual preferences. To help us understand and value the preferences of others. Has anyone taken the instrument before?

3 Agenda Overview & history What MBTI is/is not Why it’s a useful tool
Four dimensions of type

4 MBTI Overview & History
Based on Carl Jung’s work and theory of psychological types “Seemingly random variations in behavior is actually quite orderly and consistent, being due to basic differences in the way individuals prefer to use their perception and judgment.” ~ Carl Jung Carl Jung - - a Swiss psychiatrist who developed one of the most comprehensive theories of explaining human behavior He was a student of Freud. Freud taught that personality was formed by age 5. Jung didn’t buy into that and decided to part company.

5 What MBTI Is A tool designed to implement the theories of Carl Jung.
A tool that helps us to look at our psychological preferences and mental habits. These preferences represent consistent and enduring patterns of how we use our minds. Perform the handwriting exercise: Have them write the name Have them write their name with their other hand. Ask them: How would you describe the differences between the two experiences? Did they feel different? Are there difference in the quality of the writing? 3. Explain, when you engage in everyday behaviors that utilize your natural type preferences, They tend to feel natural, comfortable, and confident. When people engage in behaviors that call on their nonpreferences, they tend to feel unnatural, Uncomfortable, and less confident. And may tend to find ways to avoid those tasks. With practice, people can develop greater confidence and competence in their nonpreferences. However, it does take energy and effort to learn to use them, just as it woulld to learn to write with your Nondominate hand.

6 Why MBTI is Useful As a self development tool to help us evaluate our preferences. By being aware of our own and others’ preferences, improvement can be made in areas such as: Communication Team Building Problem Solving Conflict Resolution

7 Four Dimensions of Type
Focus and source of energy Extraversion Introversion Information Gathering Sensing iNtuition Decision Making Broken down into 4 dimensions Makes up 16 individual personality types Thinking Feeling Life Style Orientation Judging Perceiving

8 Focus and Source of Energy
I Extraversion Introversion

9 Focus and Source of Energy
Extraversion Introversion Outer world of people and things Inner world of thoughts and reflections

10 Extraversion Energized by the outer world Focus on people and things
Tend to talk first, think later Think out loud, to reveal half-thought ideas Find listening more difficult than talking Easily engaged in a conversation and may even dominate the conversation

11 Introversion Energized by the inner world Listen more than talk
Think first, then act Rehearse things before saying them Is recharged by the peace and quiet of having time alone Are perceived as a good listener but feel others take advantage of and run over them

12 Information Gathering
S N Sensing Intuition

13 Information Gathering
Sensing iNtuition Looks for possibilities, meanings, insights, & connections Lives in the “here and now” & depends on the five senses

14 Sensing Focuses on facts, details, and specifics
Trusts actual experience Prefers to concentrate on what you are doing at the moment – deals with here and now Would prefer to work with facts and figures rather than ideas and theories Prefers to do things “the way we always have” Keepers of tradition – Do not like change

15 iNtuition Focuses on the big picture and possibilities
Believe details are boring Find the future and possibilities intriguing Thinks about future implications Thinks about many things at once which causes people to view you as absent-minded Trusts their gut instincts Does not like routine tasks – Can handle change

16 Decision Making T F Thinking Feeling

17 Decision Making Thinking Feeling Logic and objectivity
Impact on people

18 Thinking Do not mind making difficult decisions
Make decisions based on logic and objectivity Enjoy proving a point for sake of clarity Tends to see flaws Do not mind making difficult decisions Appears cool and reserved Think it is more important to be right rather than liked

19 Feeling Considers others feelings when making a decision
Will overextend themselves to assist with others needs Can easily put themselves in others shoes Prefers harmony Won’t hesitate to apologize for offending someone Openly displays a warmth, empathy, and compassion

20 Life Style Orientation
J P Judging Perceiving

21 Life Style Orientation
Judging Perceiving Prefers to plan and control the outer world Adjusts and adapts to the outer world

22 Judging Pays attention to time and is prompt
Prefers to finish projects Work first, play later Likes to make a plan and stick to it Finds comfort in schedules Keeps “to do” lists Thrives on order

23 Perceiving Plays first, works later Likes to keep plans flexible
Prefers the freedom to be spontaneous Are easily distracted Works in last minute spurts of energy to complete projects Loves to explore the unknown

24 People Come In All Types

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