Presentation on theme: "DGP Thursday Notes Punctuation and Capitalization."— Presentation transcript:
DGP Thursday Notes Punctuation and Capitalization
CAPITALIZATION 1.Capitalize proper nouns and proper adjectives 2.Capitalize the first word of each sentence.
SEMICOLON 1.Joins two clauses without a coordinating conjunction. He likes apples; she likes oranges. 2.Can be used in series with comma for clarity. We went to London, England; Paris, France; Madrid, Spain; and Rome, Italy.
APOSTROPHE 1.Us e apostrophes to make words possessive and to make contractions. 2.DO NOT use apostrophes to make words plural. 3.Possessive pronouns DO NOT use apostrophes. (hers, its, ours, yours, etc.) 4.Be sure you have a real word before your apostrophe: children’s toys, NOT childrens’ toys. 5.If the word is plural and ends in “s,” add apostrophe only: dogs’ owners. 6.Treat singular nouns ending in “s” just like any other singular noun: boss’s, Brutus’s.
UNDERLINING/ITALICISING 1.Underlining and italicizing are the same thing. 2.Underline or italicize titles of long things: newspapers, magazines, CDs, movies, novels, plays, musical compositions, etc. 3.Underline or italicize names of ships, planes, trains, and artwork. 4.Underline or italicize foreign expressions.
QUOTATION MARKS 1.Quote titles of short things; short stories, poems, songs, articles, episodes of TV shows, etc. 2.Quote dialogue and words copied from other sources. 3.Commas and periods that follow quoted words always go inside closing quotation marks. (I said, “Go home.”) 4.Colons and semicolons that follow quoted words always go outside closing quotation marks. (We’re “friends”; we don’t date.) 5.Use single quotations marks ONLY to enclose quotes within quotes. 6.Use double quotations marks in all other situations. (He’s a real “team player.”)
1. COMMAS Adverb dependent clause + Independent clause If it rains, we’ll go inside