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Course 3 4-5 Squares and Square Roots Warm Up1-26-09 Simplify. 25 64 144 225 400 1. 5 2 2. 8 2 3. 12 2 4. 15 2 5. 20 2

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Course 3 4-5 Squares and Square Roots Learn to find square roots. Course 3 4-5

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Course 3 4-5 Squares and Square Roots Vocabulary principal square root perfect square

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Course 3 4-5 Squares and Square Roots Think about the relationship between the area of a square and the length of one of its sides. Taking the square root of a number is the inverse of squaring the number. Every positive number has two square roots, one positive and one negative. One square root of 16 is 4, since 4 4 = 16. The other square root of 16 is –4, since (–4) (–4) is also 16. You can write the square roots of 16 as ±4, meaning “plus or minus” 4. area = 36 square units side length = 36 = 6 units 6 2 = 36 36 = 6

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Course 3 4-5 Squares and Square Roots The numbers 16, 36, and 49 are examples of perfect squares. A perfect square is a number that has integers as its square roots. Other perfect squares include 1, 4, 9, 25, 64, and 81. When you press the key on a calculator, only the nonnegative square root appears. This is called the principal square root of the number. + 16 = 4 – 16 = –4 –49 is not the same as – 49. A negative number has no real square root. Caution!

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Course 3 4-5 Squares and Square Roots Finding the Positive and Negative Square Roots of a Number Find the two square roots of each number.

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Course 3 4-5 Squares and Square Roots Example 1 7 is a square root, since 7 7 = 49. –7 is also a square root, since –7 –7 = 49. 10 is a square root, since 10 10 = 100. –10 is also a square root, since –10 –10 = 100. 49 = –7 – 49 = 7 100 = 10 100 = –10 – A. 49 B. 100 C. 225 15 is a square root, since 15 15 = 225. 225 = 15 225 = –15 – –15 is also a square root, since –15 –15 = 225.

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Course 3 4-5 Squares and Square Roots A. 25 Example 2 5 is a square root, since 5 5 = 25. –5 is also a square root, since –5 –5 = 25. 12 is a square root, since 12 12 = 144. –12 is also a square root, since –12 –12 = 144. 25 = –5 – 25 = 5 144 = 12 144 = –12 – B. 144 C. 289 289 = 17 289 = –17 – 17 is a square root, since 17 17 = 289. –17 is also a square root, since –17 –17 = 289.

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Course 3 4-5 Squares and Square Roots Perfect Square Roots: Daily Grade Memorize 1² = 1 2² = 4 3² = 9 4² = 16 5² = 25 6² = 36 7² = 49 8² = 64 9² = 81 10² = 100 11² = 121 12² = 144 13² = 169 14² = 196 15² = 225 16² = 256 17² = 289 18² = 324 19² = 361 20² = 400 21² = 441 22² = 484 23² = 529 24² = 576 25² = 625 26² = 676 27² = 729 28² = 784 29² = 841 30² = 900

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Course 3 4-5 Squares and Square Roots Evaluating Expressions Involving Square Roots Evaluate the expression.

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Course 3 4-5 Squares and Square Roots Example 4 Evaluate the square root. Add. = 25 Multiply. = 18 + 7 3 36 + 7 3 36 + 7 = 3(6) + 7

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Course 3 4-5 Squares and Square Roots Example 5 + 25 16 3434 3434 + 3434 = + 1.5625 Evaluate the square roots. = 1.25 + 3434 25 16 = 1.5625. = 2 Add.

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Course 3 4-5 Squares and Square Roots Example 6 Evaluate the square root. Add.= 14 Multiply.= 10 + 4 2 25 + 4 2 25 + 4 = 2(5) + 4

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Course 3 4-5 Squares and Square Roots Example 7 + 18 t2 1414 1414 + 1414 = + 9 Evaluate the square roots. = 3 + 1414 18 t2 = 9. = 3 Add. 1414

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Course 3 4-5 Squares and Square Roots Lesson Summary Find the two square roots of each number. 1. 81 2. 2500 Evaluate each expression. 3. 3 16 + 1 4. 7 9 – 2 49 9950 137 5. Ms. Estefan wants to put a fence around 3 sides of a square garden that has an area of 225 ft 2. How much fencing does she need? 45 ft 6. Draw a Radicand 7. Draw a Radical 8. Define a Perfect Square

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