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Manufactured Panel Products

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Presentation on theme: "Manufactured Panel Products"— Presentation transcript:

1 Manufactured Panel Products
Chapter 13 Manufactured Panel Products

2 Manufactured Panel Products
Wildly used to create large surfaces for case goods Reduces the need for edge gluing More stable than Warp less Dimensionally stable There is not continues grain pattern

3 3 Categories of Panel Products
Structural Wood Panels Appearance Panels Engineered Board Products

4 Structural Wood Panels
Selected when Strength and stability are required Roof, Wall, Floor.. Building Construction Plywood Made by bonding layers of wood veneer with adhesives Orient Strand Board (OSB) Wafer Board Structural Particle Board

5 Plywood Most common structural panel
Veneers are cut in a lathe – Rotating a Debarked log Face Veneers are applied over the core material Pound for Pound plywood is stronger than steel, unlike solid wood that strong along the grain and weak across the grain

6 Veneer-Core Plywood Plywood
Made by layers of veneer depending on the desired properties. The thickness of the layers and the number of cores equals the overall thinness Panel thinkness varies from 1/8” to 1 3/16” 3 ply panels are often ¼” Thick 5 or 7 plies are used for ¾” f

7 Veneer-Core Plywood This type of construction is composed of an odd number of veneer plies.  The middle ply is called the "center" and plies on either side of the center but beneath the outer plies are called cross bands.  Outer plies are called "faces" and "backs."  Panel thicknesses are available from 1/8" to 1-1/2";1/4" or thinner. Panels are normally 3-ply; thicker panels are 5 to 11-ply or more.

8 Venner Core A common word hear by woodworkers is veneer. All it means is a thin sheet (fraction of an inch) of wood cut from a log. A veneer can be cut from almost any type of natural wood/lumber. The veneer is what you see and it provides the visually impact of a solid wood - but you never know what is on the inside (core) unless you saw into it. A veneer is always attached to another product (usually an engineered wood) via a manufactured process involving adhesive, heat, and compression. Veneer-core plywood is only one option for cabinet work. Manufacturers also turn out a variety of panels with engineered-wood cores: medium-density fiberboard (MDF), particleboard, oriented strand board and even panels that combine engineered wood with solid-wood plies.



11 Lumber-Core Plywood Lumber edge glued into a solid slab is considered Lumber Core. Lumber Core plywood is most often found in the construction of import panels, usually only 18mm thickness panels. Lumber Core plywood consists of a face & back veneer, then a layer of crossband veneer, with the edge glued lumber in the center. Lumber Core plywood should be used for the bending strength and screw-hold ability. The ability of Lumber Core plywood to bounce back makes it an excellent choice when constructing long or wide shelves in cabinets or closets.

12 Lumber-core Plywood

13 Limber Core Plywood This type of construction is usually 5-ply consisting of a face and back veneer, two cross-bands and a core composed of strips of lumber edge glued into a solid slab.

14 MDF Core Plywood The face and back veneers are applied directly to a core of (MDF) medium density fiberboard. This type of panel construction is the most stable of all plywood.

15 MDF Fiberboard Medium Density Fiberboard Core has the most uniform thickness and consistency of any panel core. The face and back veneer are glued directly to the MDF Core without the need for a crossband veneer. The consistency in thickness and flatness makes MDF Core panels the preferred choice for 32mm construction.

16 Particle Board Plywood
The Face and back veneers are applied directly to a core of particleboard.

17 Particleboard Core Plywood
Particleboard Core panels are constructed similar to MDF Core panels, with the face & back veneers glued directly to the core. Particleboard Core lays flat like MDF, but does not have the screw-hold strength of other cores. Particleboard Core is the least expensive of all core types.

18 Combination Core Plywood
There are two types of Combination Core construction. The first type consists of a center veneer core and a crossband veneer on both sides of the center with a layer of MDF, particleboard, or hardboard under the face and back veneer. The second type consists of an oriented strand board or wafer board center with a veneer crossband on both sides, under the face and back veneer. Combination Core can be used when the project calls for consistent flatness and good screw-hold ability, without the weight of a MDF or particleboard core.

19 A) MDF core is heavy and flat
A) MDF core is heavy and flat. Plywood with a core of medium-density fiberboard offers a smooth outer surface. B) Veneer-core plywood. This 3/4-in. veneer-core plywood is made from five internal plies laid at right angles to each other plus two thin outer veneers. C) Particleboard is another choice for an engineered core. A particleboard-core panel weighs roughly the same as MDF core, but it is slightly less expensive. D) Combined-core plywood is a compromise. Two layers of MDF and a center of wood plies make for a smooth surface and a strong, flat panel.

20 Adhesives Type 1 – Fully water proof adhesives
Exterior Plywood Siding and sheathing Type 2 - Moisture resistant adhesives Interior Plywood Moisture content will not exceed 20% Type 3 – Retain Strength No moisture Urea Resin – Interior Plywood Inexpensive – Flexible – Excellent Bond

21 Oriented Stand Board - OSB
1) Tight construction and high strength 2) Minimum twisting, delaminating or warping 3) No rotten or decay, strong against corrosion and fire 4) Water proof, consistent when exposed in the natural or wet environment 5) Low formaldehyde emission 6) Good nailing strength, easy to be sawn, nailed, drilled, grooved, planed, filed or polished 7) Good heat and sound resistant, easy to be coated 8) According to Canadian Industrial Standard and Canadian OSB

22 OSB Oriented strand board (OSB), first developed in the 1980’s, is a wood panel that has been “engineered to perform” for housing and construction. OSB is not chipboard, flakeboard, particleboard, or aspenite. It has been specifically designed to be the most dependable, versatile, and environmentally efficient wood panel on the market today. OSB uses only freshly harvested trees from sustainable fast growing forests or tree farms. T he trees are processed into precise strands averaging 4 inches long and 1 inch wide. The strands are oriented length-wise on the exterior and cross-aligned on the interior. The alternating layers are then bonded with resins under high heat and pressure. The resulting product is very strong and uniform and shares many of the same properties as plywood. Because of its great versatility and performance, we have chosen OSB in all areas of our homes where strength, stiffness, and durability are required.

23 Hardwood Plywoods HARDWOOD PLYWOOD Description: Veneers (softwood or hardwood) glued in layers with alternating grain, and covered with hardwood veneer. Uses: The traditional sheet good of choice for everything from furniture and cabinets to wall paneling and boxes. Available Sizes: 1/4", 1/2", and 3/4" are most common. Occasionally, you'll find 1/8", 3/8", and 5/8" in some species. Common Grades: Face: AA, A, B, C/D/E, Special. Back: 1, 2, 3, 4. Core: J, K, L, M. Panel types: Technical type, Type I, Type II (Type II most common for interior use.) Pros: More stable and less expensive than solid wood, widely available, made in a variety of species, and with many choices for veneer matching on faces. Cons: Thick sheets are heavy, exposed ply edges may mean you'll have to band with solid wood, thin face veneers (1/32") are easy to sand through and damage. Where to find it: Home centers carry a few species, such as oak, birch, maple. Turn to building suppliers and hardwood retailers for other species. Price (3/4"x4x8', sheet unless noted): $35 to $100+. Prices vary greatly due to species, face and back grades, ply count, and cut of veneer. A/2 or B/2 is reasonably priced and suitable for furniture.


25 Face Veneer

26 Face Veneer

27 Plywood Paneling

28 Fiberboard

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