3 Present tense is further divided into four parts Simple
4 Present SimpleTenseWe use simple present tense to talk about things in general.Ex: Nurses look after the patients in hospitals.Children like ice-creamWe use it to say that something happens repeatedly or for habitual actions or daily activitiesI usually go to the market at weekends.Paul wakes up at 5 in the morning.We use it to say that something is true in general.The earth goes round the sun.
5 THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Affirmative) Peter works on his basket every day (He) .
6 The present simple affirmative Children like ice-cream very much (They).
7 See the table for further clarification we use subject+base form of verb in affirmative sentences. 1st form of verb.IDrive.youWeThey*He/she/itDrives.
8 Present simple More examples I go to school every day. She speaks English fluently.The sun rises in the east. (It)Paper burns easily. (It)Water boils at 100 degrees celcius. (It)My parents work in a hospital (They)
9 Points to remember Remember that we say I work, but he works. They teach but my sister (She) teaches.We sing but Rihanna (She) sings.Don’t forget the –s in 3rd person singular(e.g., he, she, it, Peter, Jane, My father, etc)
10 THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Interrogative) DOES HE WORK AS A DOCTOR?YES, HE DOES
12 Interrogative sentences We have discussed affirmative sentences earlier, now will discuss Interrogative sentences.We use Do/Does to make questions.Ex: Do You drive?Does she sing? Etc.
13 we use do/does +subject+base form of verb for interrogative sentences YouWork?WetheyDoes*He/sheWork ? Not works*ItWork? Not works
14 THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Negative) SHE DOESN’T WORK AS A DOCTOR, SHE WORKS AS A TEACHER.
15 We use sub+do/does+not+base form of verb for negative sentences Do/doesn’tBase form of verbIDon’tWork.weYouTheyHe/sheDoesn’tWork. Not worksIt
16 Negative sentences We use do/does to make negative sentences. Ex: I don’t go to the market in the evening.Sally doesn’t take sugar in her coffee. (She).
17 Remember We use the present simple to talk about →regular, repeated activities or situationsSusan goes to school every day→things that are generally or always trueThe River Ebro flows into the Mediterranean sea
18 RememberIn the third person singular affirmative the verb has a final -s/-es She goes to school everydayWe form the negative with don’t (doesn’t in the 3rd person singular). They don’t like sweets/ She doesn´t live in MadridWe form questions with Do…?(Does …?in the 3rd person singular). Does she eat sweets? Do you like football?
19 Some more use of Present simple We use present simple with adverbs of frequency when we say how often we do thingsFor ex: In the summer John usually plays tennis.NEVER SOMETIMES OFTEN USUALLY ALWAYS
20 Pattern: subject + adverb + verb Thomas and Philip always begin their day at 7 o’clock.She usually plays basketball on Mondays.Peter often watches TV at breakfast.They never go home on weekdays.We sometimes play football.With the verb TO BE we use a different patternPattern: subject + am/is/are+ adverbThomas and Philip are always busy at school.They are never late for their activities.He is usually ready for breakfast at 7 o’clock.We are often in the music room during the breaks.James is sometimes tired at the end of the day.
21 Lets do some Exercises Complete these sentences with the correct Forms of verb (simple Present)
22 Complete the sentences using one of the following verbs Speak, live, open, drink, close1.Ann____German very well.2.The swimming pool_____at 9 o’clock and______at 6 p.m.3.My parents _____in a very small flat.4.we_____coffee in the evening.
23 Complete the sentences using one of the following verbs Speak, live, open, drink, close1.Ann speaks German very well. (She)2.The swimming pool opens at 9 o’clock andcloses at 6 p.m. (It)3.My parents live in a very small flat. (They)4.We drink coffee in the evening.
24 Exercise Personal questions Complete each question, using the correct form of the present simple, and give short answers.You/watch/T.V? Yes,______.You and your friends/play/much sport? No_______The place where you live /have/a shopping mall? Yes________She/speak/Hindi? No, _________
25 Exercise Personal questions Complete each question, using the correct form of the present simple, and give short answers.You/watch/T.V? Yes,______.Do you watch t.v? Yes, I doYou and your friends/play/much sport? No, _______Do you and your friends play much sport? No we don´tThe place where you live /have/a shopping mall? YesDoes the place where you live have a shopping mall? Yes it doesShe/speak/Hindi? No, _________Does she speak Hindi? No, she doesn´t
26 Make negative and Interrogative sentences using the correct form of verb 1.Jane _____(not/drink) tea very often.2.What time ____ (the bank/close) in Britain?3.What ______(you/do) in the evening?4.I ____(not/play) tennis very well.
27 Make negative and Interrogative sentences using the correct form of verb 1.Jane doesn´t drink (not/drink) tea very often.2.What time does the bank close (the bank/close) in Britain?3.What do you do (you/do) in the evening?4.I don´t play (not/play) tennis very well.
28 Exercise Complete the conversation Ria:____ English?Tina: yes, little.Ria:Where _____come______?Tina: From Srilanka.Ria: ___ ___ like India?Tina: Yes, ___ ____.
29 Exercise Complete the conversation Ria: Do you speak English?Tina: yes, little.Ria:Where do you come from?Tina: From Srilanka.Ria: Do you like India?Tina: Yes, I do.
30 Answer the following I (get up) at 7.30 a.m.__________ My sister (get up ) at 7.45 a.m._______We (watch) T.V every evening.________My father (watch) a lot films.__________Paul (play) football every day._________
31 Answer the following I (get up) at 7.30 a.m.__________ My sister (get up ) at 7.45 a.m.My sister gets up at 7.45 a.m.We (watch) T.V every evening.________We watch T.V every eveningMy father (watch) a lot films.__________My father watches a lot films.Paul (play) football every day._________Paul plays football every day.
32 Dry, getup, comb, ring, brush, Every weekday morning I_______ as soon as my alarm _____. After 10 minutes I go to the bathroom. I____ my teeth and ____my hair. After my shower I _____ myself with a big towel and go back to the bedroom.
33 Dry, getup, comb, ring, brush, Every weekday morning I get up as soon as my alarm rings. After 10 minutes I go to the bathroom. I wash my teeth and comb my hair. After my shower I dry myself with a big towel and go back to the bedroom.
34 Insert the adverb of frequency in the right place. Ex: We are happy at school. (always) We are always happy at school.1. I go to the cinema on Fridays. (often)2. Chris is smiling. (always)3. My brother does the homework. (rarely)4. I forget my book. (never)5. They are at work at 6 a.m. (usually)6. The canteen is full at lunchtime. (always)7. Dad cooks our dinner.(usually)8. On Saturdays she is with her friends.(sometimes)9. I am late. (never)10. We are hungry. (usually)11. Paula listens to music. (often)
35 Insert the adverb of frequency in the right place. Ex: We are happy at school. (always) We are always happy at school.1. I often go to the cinema on Fridays.2. Chris is always smiling.3. My brother rarely does the homework.4. I never forget my book.5. They are usually at work at 6 a.m.6. The canteen is always full at lunchtime.7. Dad usually cooks our dinner.8. On Saturdays she is sometimes with her friends.9. I am never late.10. We are usually hungry.11. Paula often listens to music.