Presentation on theme: "Latin America Chapter 9: From the Andes to the Amazon"— Presentation transcript:
1 Latin America Chapter 9: From the Andes to the Amazon Physical GeographyChapter 10: A Blending of CulturesHuman GeographyChapter 11: Today’s IssuesLatin America’s Pressing Events
2 Chapter 9: From the Andes to the Amazon Section 1: Landforms and Resources
3 General Background Info Latin America stretches for about 7,000 miles.Covers part of North America. All of Central and South America.In between Pacific and Atlantic Oceans.The mountains of Latin America have helped define the region.
4 The Andes MountainsChain of mountains through the western portion of North, Central, and South America.Rockies in the United StatesVolcanoes present.Serve as a barrier to movement.Where do people settle?Home to some of the most important historical cultures.
6 Latin American Highlands Extremely hilly regions of countries are called Highlands.Two main highlands in Latin America are both in South America:Guiana Highlands – Northeast Latin America.Brazilian Highlands – East coast of Brazil.
8 Latin American PlainsPlains offer rich soil and grasses suitable for farming and livestock grazing.Llanos – situated in Colombia and Venezuela.Grassy and treeless.Similar to the plains in the United StatesAmazon Basin – interior of Brazil.Cerrado – savannas with flat terrain and moderate rainfall.Underdeveloped land.Pampas – grasslands where soil is extremely rich.Argentina and Uruguay.
9 Major River Systems Orinoco River – winds through Northern Venezuela. 1500 MilesMakes up part of the Venezuela-Colombia BorderAmazon River – Starts in Andes and flows miles to empty in the Atlantic.Fed by tributariesCarries more water to the ocean than any other river.Paraná River – Starts in highlands of Southern Brazil.Flows the Paraguay, Uruguay, and ArgentinaEmpties at an area known as the Rio de la Plata
11 The IslandsInhabited and uninhabited islands in Latin America are broken up into 3 groups:The Bahamas-100’s of islands off coast of Florida and Cuba.The Greater Antilles- larger islands of the Caribbean (Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, and PR)The Lesser Antilles- Southeast of PR. Divided into Wayward and Leeward Islands.
13 ResourcesMineral and Energy Resources are the two most important natural resources found in Latin America.Tin, Lead, and Nickel most prominent Mineral Resources.Mined and then exported elsewhere.Oil, coal, natural gas, and Uranium are all mined in Latin America.
14 Maps Assignment Counts as a Quiz Grade! You will need to complete 4 maps of Latin AmericaPolitical MapClimate Region MapPhysical Landforms MapEnvironments MapAll maps must be hand-drawn
15 Chapter 9:From the Andes to the Amazon Section 2: Climate and Vegetation
16 Varied Climates and Vegetation Rain forests, deserts, savannas and other areas are all prominently found in Latin Am.Over 7000 miles there is great variation.Deserts scrubs and rain forests and everything in between for vegetation.Things affecting climate and vegetation:Distance/spanChanges in elevationOcean currents from Atlantic and Pacific
18 Tropical Climate Zones Tropical WetTropical Wet & DryRain forests – dense forests made up of different species of trees.Unique Ecosystems.Amazon- 2 million sq. miles.2500 different species in the Amazon alone.Primarily in South America.Savannas prominent.Seasonal rains.Mainly Brazil, Colombia, & Argentina.
19 Dry Climate Zones Semiarid Desert Generally dry – some rain. Vast, grass covered plains.Some desert shrubs grow.Mexico, Brazil, Uruguay, & Argentina.North Mexico and part of Peru.Atacama desert in Northern Chile.Patagonia has a desert.Mainly Brazil, Colombia, & Argentina.
20 Mid-Latitude Climate Zones Humid SubtropicalMediterraneanHot humid summers, rainy winters.Varied VegetationParaguay, Uruguay, Brazil, Bolivia, ArgentinaDry summers, moist winters.Part of ChileLow shrubs and small trees.
21 Mid-Latitude Climate Zones Marine West CoastHighlandsCool rainy winters, mild rainy summers.Chile and Argentina.Forest is typically the vegetation you find here.Moderate to cold in temperatureMountains of Mexico and the AndesSmallest of any region in Latin America.
22 How does Elevation effect South American Economies and habitation?
23 Chapter 9: From the Andes to the Amazon Section 3: Human-Environment Interaction
24 Reshaping by Agriculture Reshaping the land by agriculture has been practiced in Latin America for centuries.The two main types of agriculture reshaping are:Slash-and-Burn: cut trees and shrubs. Burn the trees and shrubs. Use the ash as fertilizer.What are the potential drawback to this?Terraced Farming: used to grow crops on hillsides. Cut step-like ridges into the side of the mountain.Reduces soil erosion
26 UrbanizationArgentina, Uruguay, and Venezuela are the most urbanized countries in Latin America.90% of people live in cities.Urbanization – What is it? Why does it happen?Push Factors poor medical care, education, jobs and land usagePull Factors better medical care, education, and jobs
28 What are the problems with rapidly growing cities? Unemployment and Crime increase!Social problemsUnemploymentEnvironmental problemsInfrastructure issues
29 Tourism: Good or Bad? Good Bad Spending money and creating jobs New businessesPort CitiesJobs jobs jobs!Reduces the income gapBadRich-poor gap increasesIndigenous poeplesOutside money changes the economic landscape