Presentation on theme: "Guidance for Your Research Project"— Presentation transcript:
1 Guidance for Your Research Project Report WritingGuidance for Your Research Project
2 A recommended format Title page Abstract Table of contents IntroductionLiterature SurveyMethodologyResults & DiscussionConclusionsRecommendations for further workAppendicesReferences/ bibliography
3 Title page Title Image Clear title appropriate to purpose of report Make it attractive butAvoid unnecessary decorationOnly use an image if itis relevantadds to the projectTitleImage(Optional)AuthorSupervisorDate
4 AbstractThe purpose of the abstract is to provide those with little time the opportunity to quickly grasp the main pointsShould be a miniature of the main report withAimsMethodologyResults/ConclusionMust only consider points contained in the reportMake it short – ½ page maximum
5 in Word to build Contents Table of ContentsContentsPage1 Introduction 11.1 Background 11.2 Aims 11.3 Objectives 2Literature Search 33 Materials and Methods 44 Etc.Decide on appropriate level of headings & sub-headingsUse “Insert” functionin Word to build Contents
6 Introduction Why Undertake the research? Set the scene Include aims and/or objectivesWhat hypothesis are you testing?State value of the reportHow is the report structured?Keep it brief
7 Literature reviewA summary of previous research as reported in books, journals and other mediaCritical summary of current and recent researchWhat is the current state of knowledge?What are the strengths & weaknesses of existing research?Where does your project fit in?Should also provide an account of the theoretical background to the project
8 MethodologyHow, when, where, (why?) did you collect the data/ information, e.g.Laboratory testingSurveyLiterature searchYou should try to give clear reasons for your choice of methodolgyThis may include choice of equipment
9 Results & Discussion The bulk of the report. Provide a logical flow, for example;3. Results and Discussion3.1 Analytical Results3.1.1 Protein3.1.2 Ash3.1.3 Moisture3.1.4 Fat3.2 Preference testing3.3 Statistical analysis
10 Results & DiscussionUse a “Storyboard” for preparation and logical structureAllocate word count at planning stage; most important section gets largest sharePresent your information, but also analyse it;give possible explanations for your findingsHow do your findings relate to theory?
11 Recommendations & Conclusions Draws your findings togetherRefer to your aims and objectives when writing this section (i.e. aims and objectives considered as questions, conclusion the answer)Recommendations:Now that all important issues have been considered, what do you think should happen now?
12 AppendicesContains essential information but could be a distraction to the reader, e.g. copy of questionnaire usedAllows the reader to decide if they should refer to this information
13 References Difference between reference and bibliography? References have been directly used and cited in the body of the textBibliography includes sources that have been consulted, but have not been directly used or cited – often a guide to further readingYour report should contain a list of references
14 References/ Bibliography A full list – in proper format should be provided – see DISSC website (Below)Use the Harvard System unless your supervisor says otherwiseInformation on referencing at
15 General Points Headings & numbering Use third person Never introduce new material in conclusionABC; Accurate, brief, conciseProof read (use English spellchecker)Editing and printing takes timeComputer failure not an excuse for late submission
16 General Points Adopt a consistent style. Write in the third person. Label all diagrams, photographs, data presentation & refer to them in the text!Source all photographs etc. And so avoid accusation of plagiarismWord process, 1.5 or double line spacingAdequate margins all roundMin. 3.2 cm all round.