New England Colonies Massachusetts New Hampshire Connecticut Rhode Island Climate: long, harsh, cold winters Soil: Poor, rocky soil Economy: Ship building, lumber industry because they had forests Religion: Puritans – very strict about everything. Example: Girls can’t go to school, only boys.
Economy: Plantations – large farm Cash crops – food they grew for cash (cotton, tobacco, rice, indigo) Indentured slaves – slaves with a contract for 7 years, then they were free. Usually people who wanted a free trip to the New World Slaves – no contract, no pay, slaves for life
People of the 13 colonies Landowners – owned plantations, rich people Artisans – middle class, did the jobs (shoe maker, blacksmith) Women – educated children, kept house clean Blacks – slaves Children – worked with their mothers, boys went to school
Did you know? James Oglethorpe – founder of Georgia, brought prisoners to Georgia to start a new life Eli Whitney – created the cotton gin which made it easier to pick cotton. It made slavery last longer.