Presentation on theme: "Psychlotron.org.uk What is a hypothesis? Give an example of a hypothesis, based on a study you know about."— Presentation transcript:
psychlotron.org.uk What is a hypothesis? Give an example of a hypothesis, based on a study you know about.
psychlotron.org.uk Today’s session You will learn aboutContext Formulating & testing experimental hypotheses Summarising data using mean & standard deviation Studies of social and cognitive psychology
psychlotron.org.uk Hypothesis A prediction about the outcome of a piece of research An experimental hypothesis must predict the effect of the IV on the DV
psychlotron.org.uk Experimental hypotheses A researcher dressed in uniform will be obeyed more often than a researcher dressed in civilian clothes. Words that PPs have processed semantically are more likely to be recognised than words that they have processed structurally.
psychlotron.org.uk Experimental hypotheses Suggest experimental hypotheses for the following studies: Jenkins & Dallenbach (1924) Godden & Baddeley (1975)
psychlotron.org.uk Experimental hypotheses Directional hypotheses predict the direction in which the results are expected to run Non-directional hypotheses predict an effect of the IV on the DV, but not a direction
psychlotron.org.uk Jenkins & Dallenbach (1924) PPs who learn the word list before sleeping will recall more words than PPs who learn the list after waking. There will be a difference in the number of words recalled between PPs who learn the list before sleeping and those who learn it after waking.
psychlotron.org.uk Testing hypotheses Hypotheses predict results of experiments They must be tested against the data and either accepted or rejected
psychlotron.org.uk Summarising data Before we can assess whether the data support or challenge the experimental hypothesis we must prepare a statistical summary Any set of data can be summarised to two figures: Central tendency Dispersion
psychlotron.org.uk Summarising data Central tendency Tells you a typical value from a set of data Mode Median Mean Dispersion Tells you how close to the central tendency the values in the set are Range Standard deviation
psychlotron.org.uk Concept maps vs. notes IV: revision strategy used DV: score on a recall test (max. 20) H 1 : PPs using concept maps will recall more than PPs using notes. Concept mapNotes Mean15.613.7 S.Deviation5.22.3
psychlotron.org.uk Organised vs. disorganised IV: info in categories or randomised DV: score on a recall test (max. 20) H1: there will be a difference in recall between PPs who are give organised info and PPs who are given disorganised info. OrganisedDisorganised Mean13.412.3 S.Deviation1.66.2
psychlotron.org.uk Review Identify… One thing you already knew One fact you learned One skill you developed Something that was difficult and will need more work.