Presentation on theme: "Genetic Engineering By Rhianna Taylor. What is Genetic Engineering? Genetic engineering can also be called genetic GM or modification. It is different."— Presentation transcript:
What is Genetic Engineering? Genetic engineering can also be called genetic GM or modification. It is different to cloning, even though some steps involved in cloning are the same as the ones in genetic engineering.
The differences Cloning It produces exact copies Genes get copied within the same species GM It produces a unique set of genes The genes can be swapped across species.
Genetic Modification of an Organism Choose an organism with a gene that you want copied and put into another organism.
A gene is cut out using enzymes and then placed into another organisms Chromosome. The chromosome now has the ‘good’ gene and is placed into another organism.
Genetic Engineering to produce a Chemical Useful gene to make the chemical, e.g. insulin Gene is cut out using enzymes and inserted into a plasmid.
The plasmid is placed into a bacteria and left to reproduce. The bacteria reproduces and it now has the chemical insulin.
The End If you would like more information go to- http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/scie nce/aqa_pre_2011/evolution/reproductionrev6. shtml