Presentation on theme: "Greyson P. Cole W. Corinne H."— Presentation transcript:
1 Greyson P. Cole W. Corinne H. Muscular Dystrophy
2 Muscular DystrophyThe muscular dystrophies (MD) are a group of more than 30 genetic diseases characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal muscles that control movement. Some forms of MD are seen in infancy childhood, while others may not appear until middle age or later. The disorders differ in terms of the distribution and extent of muscle weakness (some forms of MD also affect cardiac muscle), age of onset, rate of progression, and pattern of inheritance.
3 Types and SymptomsDuchene muscular dystrophy About half of all muscular dystrophy cases are the Duchene variety, which most commonly occurs in boys. Signs and symptoms typically first surface when the child begins to walk and may include:Frequent fallsDifficulty getting up from a lying or sitting positionTrouble running and jumpingWaddling gaitLarge calf musclesLearning disabilitiesBecker muscular dystrophy This variety has signs and symptoms similar to Duchene muscular dystrophy, but they typically are milder and progress more slowly. Symptom onset is generally in the teens but may not occur until the mid-20s or even later.When to see a doctor Seek medical advice if you notice signs of muscle weakness — such as increased clumsiness and falling — in yourself or your child
5 Treatments:Medications Corticosteroids, such as prednisone, may help improve muscle strength and delay the progression of certain types of muscular dystrophy. But prolonged use of these types of drugs can weaken bones and increase fracture risk.Therapy Several different types of therapy and assistive devices can improve quality and sometimes length of life in people who have muscular dystrophy. Examples include:Range-of-motion exercises. Muscular dystrophy can restrict the flexibility and mobility of joints. Limbs often draw inward and become fixed in that position. One goal of physical therapy is to provide regular range-of-motion exercises to keep joints as flexible as possible.Mobility aids. Braces can provide support for weakened muscles and help keep muscles and tendons stretched and flexible, slowing the progression of contractures. Other devices — such as canes, walkers and wheelchairs — can help maintain mobility and independence.Breathing assistance. As respiratory muscles weaken, a sleep apnea device may help improve oxygen delivery during the night. Some people with severe muscular
6 Prevention Tips:This disease is genetic, and there is no cure, therefore, there are no ways to prevent itChildren can only get if a parent is a carrier.Genetic testing to see if you are a carrier.