Mike Mazzalongo #11- Narrative #5 Marriage-Divorce-Remarriage (19:1–22:46 )
Some Pharisees came to Jesus, testing Him and asking, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any reason at all?” - Matthew 19:3
When a man takes a wife and marries her, and it happens that she finds no favor in his eyes because he has found some indecency in her, and he writes her a certificate of divorce and puts it in her hand and sends her out from his house, - Deuteronomy 24:1
and she leaves his house and goes and becomes another man’s wife, and if the latter husband turns against her and writes her a certificate of divorce and puts it in her hand and sends her out of his house, or if the latter husband dies who took her to be his wife, - Deuteronomy 24:2-3
then her former husband who sent her away is not allowed to take her again to be his wife, since she has been defiled; for that is an abomination before the Lord, and you shall not bring sin on the land which the Lord your God gives you as an inheritance. - Deuteronomy 24:4
Marriage - Divorce RABBI SHAMMAI – Shameful (Sexual Immorality) conduct RABBI HILLEL – Any cause of displeasure
And He answered and said, “Have you not read that He who created them from the beginning made them male and female, and said, ‘For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh’? - Matthew 19:4-5
So they are no longer two, but one flesh. What therefore God has joined together, let no man separate.” - Matthew 19:6
For this reason a man shall leave his father and his mother, and be joined to his wife; and they shall become one flesh. - Genesis 2:24
They said to Him, “Why then did Moses command to give her a certificate of divorce and send her away?” He said to them, “Because of your hardness of heart Moses permitted you to divorce your wives; but from the beginning it has not been this way. - Matthew 19:7-8
And I say to you, whoever divorces his wife, except for immorality, and marries another woman commits adultery.” - Matthew 19:9
Num. 5:12 Deut. 22:13 Deut. 24:1-4 Mt. 19:9 Sexual Sin
Marriage/Divorce Debate Adulterous Marriage –The subsequent marriage is sinful and must be dissolved.
Marriage/Divorce Debate Adulterous Marriage Breaking Covenant = Adultery – A one time action – Subsequent marriage legitimate
The disciples said to Him, “If the relationship of the man with his wife is like this, it is better not to marry.” - Matthew 19:10
But He said to them, “Not all men can accept this statement, but only those to whom it has been given. - Matthew 19:11
For there are eunuchs who were born that way from their mother’s womb; and there are eunuchs who were made eunuchs by men; and there are also eunuchs who made themselves eunuchs for the sake of the kingdom of heaven. He who is able to accept this, let him accept it.” - Matthew 19:12
Summary Marriage comes from God and is NOT to be broken.
Summary Breaking the bonds of marriage without cause (fornication) is adultery.
but I say to you that everyone who divorces his wife, except for the reason of unchastity, makes her commit adultery; and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery. - Matthew 5:32
In Matthew 19 Jesus talks about the guilty party, in Matthew 5 Jesus talks about the innocent party.
Active Tense – Guilty Party Passive Tense – Victim
Matthew 5:32 - Victimizes Spouse - Victimizes Future Partner
Matthew 19 - Hypocrisy of Pharisees - Sexual immorality only legitimate cause
Everyone who divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery, and he who marries one who is divorced from a husband commits adultery. - Luke 16:18